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1960's Space Technology
Transcript of 1960's Space Technology
During the 1960's, America was in a standoff with the Soviet Union known as the Cold War. On October 4'th, 1957 at 7:28 PM, A satellite called Sputnik 1 was launched by the Soviet Union. It was also the first successful satellite to orbit the Earth. This Action marked the beginning of something called the Space Race which was a competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union seeing who can do more with space technology.
The Apollo Program
There 2 major rocket fuel types. Liquid Fuel and Solid Fuel. Solid Fuel Rockets use fuel that are solid and are mixed with an oxidizer. This fuel was not used commonly during the Apollo program because they are heavy while liquid fuel rockets can be stored in lightweight tanks.Also 2 major forces act on a rocket, Thrust and Gravity. Thrust has to be more powerful than gravity in order to get into space.
1960's Space Technology
The Apollo Project was how America responded to the competition. It was run by N.A.S.A or National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Apollo project was basically a program that tried to get people into space and get people to land on the moon.
How It Works
Every time a rocket or space shuttle launches, there are two types of chemicals meet together to make an explosion which. Rockets also starts out with a lot of fuel. As the fuel burns, the rocket gets lighter and eventually reaches the speed needed to get in space which is 17500 mph. Then later Apollo 11 was the first Apollo to land on the moon. Apollo 11 uses incredible technology. When the Space Shuttle got caught into the gravitational pull, it breaks off into two pieces, the lunar module and the main capsule. The Lunar module carried the astronauts down to the surface. Then later part of the Lunar Module broke off and carried the astronauts back to the main capsule and then the spacecraft leaves the moon's gravitational pull and then flies back to earth.
Satellites are a mechanical body put in space that orbit other planets or earth. Satellites have a lot of uses. Uses including taking pictures, Gathering information, google maps, and GPS.
-Apollo 7 was the first successful Apollo to get into earth orbit.
-During Apollo 1, 3 astronauts died from a fire in the main capsule.
-Apollo 13 was famous because of a explosion where the astronauts survived.
-Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon on July 20nth 1969 at 10:56 eastern daylight savings time.
-Neil's Armstrong's space shuttle landed in the Pacific ocean.
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