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Subject Prononus

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by

David Aubin

on 4 January 2017

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Transcript of Subject Prononus

Subject Pronouns
a Prezi by Sr. Aubin

What is a subject pronoun?
A subject pronoun is a pronoun that takes the place of the subject in the sentence.

The subject is usually who or what performs the action or who is being described.

ex.
Jane
made a cake.
Jane is the subject of this sentence because she performed the action.
What is a pronoun?

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence.

ex.
John
kicked
the ball
.
The nouns in this sentence are
JOHN
and
THE BALL
.
The nouns can be replaced with pronouns.
He
kicked
it
.
HE
and
IT
are pronouns.


What are the subject pronouns in English?

I WE
YOU YOU
HE
SHE THEY
IT
The pronouns on the left are all singular (they refer to one person or thing).
The pronouns on the right are all plural (they refer to more than one person or thing).
Notice how the chart is divided...

I

WE
YOU


YOU
HE

SHE


THEY
IT
Each of the pronouns on the right is the plural of the pronoun on its left.
WE

is the plural of

I
YOU
*
is the plural of

YOU
THEY

is the plural of

HE/SHE/IT
*In English there is only one you.
It is both singular and plural.
I could say, "Michael,
you
need to study." Here I am referring to one person; the you is singular. I could also say, "Okay class, for homework tonight
you
need to study." In this second sentence the "you" refers to more that one person and is plural.
John
eats dinner. ----->
He
eats dinner.
Amy
eats dinner. ----->
She
eats dinner.
The dog
eats dinner. ----->
It
eats dinner.

Mary and I
eat dinner. ----->
We
eat dinner.
Bill and Anne
eat dinner. ----->
They
eat dinner.


Replacing With Subject Pronouns
What are the subject pronouns in Spanish?
YO NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS


VOSOTROS / VOSOTRAS
USTED USTEDES

ÉL ELLOS
ELLA ELLAS
The Spanish subject pronoun chart is divided into singular (
left
) and plural (
right
).
What's with all of the yous?
There are many ways to say "you" in Spanish;

,
usted
(
ud.
),
vosotros
/
vosotras
and
ustedes
(
uds.
).

is used when referring to one person informally or familiarly. Use it with someone your own age or that you know well.
USTED (UD.)
is used when referring to one person politely or formally. Use it when speaking to someone older than you that you don't know well or with someone with whom you should show respect, like your boss.
VOSOTROS / VOSOTRAS
are used when referring to two people that you would use tú with individually. These are primarily ONLY used in Spain.
USTEDES (UDS.)
is used for "you plural" in the majority of the Spanish speaking world outside of Spain. It is the formal and polite "you plural".
YO
NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS


VOSOTROS VOSOTRAS
USTED
USTEDES

ÉL
ELLOS
ELLA
ELLAS
Masculine and Feminine
There are two ways to say we, you (plural informal) and they in Spanish.
use
NOSOTROS
and
VOSOTROS
when referring to a group of all males or a mixed gendered group*.
use
NOSOTRAS
and
VOSOTRAS
when referring to a group of all females.
use
ELLOS
when referring to a group of all males/masculine nouns or a mixed gendered group.
use
ELLAS
when referring to a a group of all females or feminine nouns.
*Even if there is one male/masculine noun and a million females/feminine nouns you must use the masculine form of the subject pronoun.
Pronoun Substitutions
Juan
eats cake.--->
He
--->
Él
Jen
eats cake.--->
She
--->
Ella
Don and I
eat cake.--->
We
--->
Nosotros
Mary and I

(F.*)
eat cake--->
We
---
Nosotras
You and Ann
eat cake.--->
You

(P.*)
--->
Ustedes
Phil and Ed
eat cake.--->
They
--->
Ellos
Mary and Paul
eat cake.--->
They
--->
Ellos
Mary and Lisa
eat cake.--->
They
--->
Ellas
*F--->Feminine
P--->Plural
Full transcript