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John Amos Comenius
Transcript of John Amos Comenius
(1592-1670) By: Tabbitha Bailey His real name was Jan Amos Komensky. He was born in 1592 in the Moravian town of Nivnitz. He lived during the post-Reformation religious wars between Catholics and Protestants, which was a time of hatred and violence. Background Information He was a bishop and educator of the Moravian Brethren Protestant Church, but religious persecution forced Comenius to flee his his homeland and live as a refugee in other European countries. Comenius was a transitional figure between the Renaissance humanist educators and the later naturalistic reformers. His first success was a beginning Latin textbook, Janua Linguarum Reserata ("The Gate of Tounges Unlocked"), related Latin instruction to students' own spoken language. Educational Influences He produced one of the first children's picture books, Orbis Pictus (The Visible World in Pictures) published in 1658 was used as a teaching aid.
& Working to end religious intolerance, Comenius constructed a new educational philosophy, PANSOPHISM, to cultivate universal understanding . Comenius respected children's natural needs and interests and rejected that children were inherently bad. Principles of Learning and Teaching He devised principles that apply to the preservice preparation of teachers and to classroom practices: 1)use objects or pictures to illustrate concepts; 2) relate lessons to students' practical lives; 3) present lessons directly and simply; 4) emphasize general principles before the details; 5) emphasize that all creatures and objects are part of a whole universe; 6) present lessons in sequence, stressing one thing at a time; 7)do not leave a specific skill or subject until students thoroughly understand it. DOES ALL THIS SOUND FAMILIAR?! child depravity theory Comenius emphasis on children's readiness, using concrete objects, and proceeding gradually in instruction became an integral part of teacher-education programs Comenius was an early multicultural and international educator, he respected religious and cultural diversity. He also believed all persons were of a common human family. Education and Schooling As an innovator, Comenius used the technological inventions of his time, like the printing press to spread his idea of textbooks. Source of Information:
Ornstein, A., Levine, D., Gutek, G., &Vocke, D. (2011).
Foundations of Education. Eleventh Edition (pp. 96-99). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Aristotle compared the mind of man to a blank tablet on which nothing was written, but on which all things could be engraved. There is, however, this difference, that on the tablet the writing is limited by space, while in the case of the mind, you may continually go on writing and engraving without finding any boundary, because, as has already been shown, the mind is without limit.
-John Amos Comenius