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WJEC Reading Paper

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P Bali

on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of WJEC Reading Paper

Paper 1
WJEC Reading

Information Retrieval
List= bullet point
10 points = 10 marks
Question 1
Information Retrieval
Question 2
How does the writer of this
article try to convince you
that seagulls have become a serious problem?
You should write about:
• what he says about seagulls;
• how he says it the words and phrases
he uses. [10]
Question 3
Comparison of Texts
Question 4
The Journey to
a C Grade
The Reading Paper
Reading media and non-fiction
1 hour
4 or 5 questions
Total of 40 marks for the whole paper
6 minutes reading time per text
12 minutes per 10 mark question
10 points=10 marks
31/40= C!!!
Information retrieval- in paper, usually (Q1)
Impressions/Images- in paper, usually (Q2/3)
Viewpoint/attitude- in paper, usually (Q2/3)
Analysis of persuasive techniques- in paper, usually (Q2/3)
Comparison of texts- in paper, usually (Q4)

(If you are given bullet points use them to plan your responses!!!)
Types of Questions
November 2011 Paper on Herring Gulls
The Task!
(a) List three facts about the eggs of the herring gull. [3]

(b) According to the fact sheet, when does a herring gull act aggressively? [3]

(c) List three foods that make up the natural diet of the herring gull. [3]

(d) What is the law that protects herring gulls? [1]
2. (a) According to the fact sheet, what problems are caused by herring gulls? [5]

(b) What advice does the fact sheet give to deal with these problems? [5]
Herring Gull fact sheet
Herring Gull factsheet
Newspaper article, ‘The rise of the urban seagull’
Persuasive Techniques
WHAT is said:
have they used statistics? WHY?
have they used examples/description/exaggeration? WHY?
have they used facts or opinions? WHY?
have they used anecdotes/humour? WHY?
HOW is it said:
What type of language is used? (sarcasm; humour; anger; etc)WHY?
What is the tone/feel of the text? Think about intended audience.
A4. These two texts are about herring gulls. Compare what the two texts say about herring gulls.
Organise your answer into two paragraphs under the following headings:
• herring gull attacks on people
• the size of the herring gull population. [10]

In your answer you must make it clear which text you get your information from.
Both Texts
Things to think about:
10 Points
You're looking for A FOREST!!
Do not just copy from the text!
Use quotes!
Think about how you're going to
layout your answer- what has the
question asked you to do?
Don't state the obvious! e.g. 'Seagulls are birds'!!!
They lay eggs.
They lay 2/3 eggs blotched with black.
Eggs are laid from late November.

When looking for food.
When protecting it's nest.


d) Wildlife Act 1981
My First Try!
My Next Try!
a) They nest on the roof tops and cause lots of mess searching for food. They dive and snatch food from people's hands. They're annoying because of the early morning noises they make.

b) If you raise your arm they'll stay a way. Also, make sure you clean up thoroughly after barbeques and outdoor meals. Also, do not leave rubbish outside.
My First Try!
Question 1
Question 2
My Next Try!
They lay 2/3 eggs blotched with black.
Eggs are laid from late November.
Incubation takes 25-33 days.

When looking for food.
When protecting it's nest.
When defending its territory.


d) Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981
My Next Try!
My First Try!
My Next Try!
My Next Try!
Question 3
My First Try!
My Next Try!
Question 4
a) The fact sheet tells us how herring gulls can cause problems by 'nesting on roof tops'. They can also make a lot of mess searching for food in 'discarded rubbish bins'. People find their behaviour irritating when they snatch food from people's hands, with their dives being very threatening, and the fact sheet describes the early morning noise they make as 'intolerable'. Another problem caused by the herring gull is that they produce mess from nest material and excessive droppings.

b)The fact sheet advises that gulls can be deterred if someone raises their arm. It would also be best not to leave rubbish outside overnight in 'a flimsy black bag' as they can easily get in. Also, people should cover roof nesting areas to avoid gulls 'perching' there as it stops them from landing. In summer, barbeques and eating outside can attract them so it is best to tidy up thoroughly after yourselves.Finally, as they are searching for food, do not leave any outside for them s it will attract them.
The writer says they are a big problem and that there will be 6 million by 2014. He says they are big and attack humans. They live for a long time and breed quickly.They are annoying with their loud cries at 4am and can cause lots of damage to buildings and cars with their droppings.There are lots of articles that tell us of the horror they cause. The language he uses tells us he sees them as a serious problem. He uses lots of language such as facts, opinions and statistics.
Herring gull attacks in people
The size of the herring gull population
Fact sheet:

They snatch food from people's hands.

They attack to survive

They are protective of their territory and their young.

Newspaper Article:

They slash heads when they attack humans.

RSPB claims they do not attack people.

There are many stories of seagull attacks such as a postman being knocked off his bike.
Fact sheet:

Numbers are falling internationally and in the UK.

The population has declined by 40% since 1970.

More birds are moving into towns.

Newspaper Article:

There could be up to 6 million gulls by 2014.

Towns are going to be overrun by gulls.

Gulls live longer so there is an increase in population.
There are many things that the article says that tries to convince you about seagulls becoming a problem. Firstly,he suggests that the problem is increasing using the word 'thriving' in the subheading. We are told that the number will be at 6 million by 2014. This number is extremely high. Secondly, he tells us about the problems that the seagulls actually create such as: 'attacking people, deafening residents, damaging buildings, spreading panic and disease'. These all show seagulls negatively. Thirdly, he describes the gulls as: 'huge birds, each one a kilo in weight, with a wingspan of 4 1/2 ft'. This again shows how intimidating they can be if they were to attack humans. They could cause serious injury. They are also a problem because they live longer '20 plus years is normal'. This means they can also breed quickly which has led to an increase in the gull's population, 'populations are rocketing by 25% annually'. This statistic shows us how they are going to become even more problematic as there are more of them. Finally, he also tells us how their noise also causes problems. We're told how they 'can start their noise as early as 4 a.m., and the slow torture of lack of sleep can affect people'. This shows how they're not only a problem in terms of attacking but people are affected in other ways too.

As well as telling us things about seagulls, the way we're told it also tells us the problem that they can cause. The adjectives he uses such as 'vicious beaks and claws' and 'greedy and aggressive' show us a different side to the birds. This is not how we usually imagine birds to be but once again it presents them as something negative and something to be feared. The words he uses to describe their behaviour also presents them as a problem such as: how they can 'slash' people's heads, showing a nasty behaviour from the birds; how they have 'terrorised' householders, causing distress to humans; and 'savaged' and 'pecked to death' to show the danger that seagulls can cause. By using statistics such as 'rocketting by 25%' shows the increasing problem that seagulls will cause in the future due to the growing population.
Herring gull attacks on people
The size of the herring gull population
In the fact sheet, it highlights how gulls can snatch food as a way of attacking humans. They dive 'threateningly' at people, doing a 'swooping' movement. They may also attack as a way of surviving. They act aggressively when looking for food, defending territory or being protective of their young. However, they also highlight how they can be deterred by a raised arm and that if they do make contact with humans, it usually causes them more damage.

The newspaper article also says how they attack human 'slashing' their heads. Any human can be attacked if they have food. They highlight stories where humans have been attacked such as 'postmen being knocked from bicycles, householders terrorised, and scaffolders forced down ladders'. They have caused at least one death- an 80 year old man who had a heart attack.
In the fact sheet, it says how the RSPB says the numbers of gulls are falling internationally and in the UK with their population declining by 40% since 1970s. They state how more birds are moving into towns because 'of a lack of food in their natural habitats'. If they are fed, the population will increase however, it will go the opposite way if they are not.

The newspaper article says how there will be an increase in gulls with there being 6 million gulls by 2014. They state how towns are 'going to be overrun' by seagulls. Many towns now have over 50 breeding pairs of gulls which will lead to an increase in population. They have already been 'rocketing by 25% annually'. The population is also increasing because they live longer. They finish with highlighting how the increase in population is international- not just in the UK.
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