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Simon Chang

on 10 June 2013

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Transcript of AP US HISTORY CH. 2

American History lol Colonizing the Carolina s Late Coming Georgia:
The Buffer Colony Maryland: Catholic Haven Virginia: Child of Tobacco Cultural Clash in the Cheapeake England plants Jamestown seedling England on eve of empire -3 european powers plant 3 primitive outpost in 3 distant corners of the continent
-A) Spanish at Santa Fe 1610
-B) French at Quebec 1608
-C) English at Jamestown, Virginia 1607
-English competes with the Spanish empire
-Catholic Ireland asks Spain for assistance to throw off protestant English queen Elizabeth.(Elizabeth crushes irish rebellions) England throbs with social and economic change during the 17th century. population size shoots up from 3 million in 1550 to 4 million in 1600
- landlord enclose cropland forcing farmers to leave the land.
-Peace with spain provided opportunities
-population growth results in workers
-unemployment results in new motives 2 years after peace with Spain, England receives
charter for settlement in the new world.
New settlers have trouble surviving but under
rule of Cpt. John Smith and his policy "He who
shall not work shall not eat" were saved. Powhatan at first were considered the only allied.
The relations between the Indians and the English remained tense as starving colonists raided the Indian food supply. before the arrival of Columbus, the Indians had no strangers to change, adaptation, and even catastrophe
Due to the massive colonization, Native Americans' lives were disrupted.
in the eighteenth century, Native Americans migrated into the Great Plains by using horses which they stole, strayed, or purchased from Spanish invaders John Rolfe, husband of Pocahontas, became father of the tobacco industry and an economic savior of the Virginia colony
Colonists who had once hungered for food now hungered for land
planting tobacco ruined the soil
in 1619 Dutch warship appeared off Jamestown and sold some Africans which were enslaved to grow tobacco
in 1650, 14% of the Jamestown's population was enslaved Africans founded in 1634 as second plantation colony but fourth colony to be planted
Lord Baltimore, the founder, protected his fellow Catholics
Since the Colonists in Virginia were allowed to get any lands, the protestant planters surrounded the Catholic land barons
the resentful backcountry planters rebelled near the end of the century, and the Baltimore family lost it's proprietary rights
grew Tobaccos
supported Act of Toleration in 1649
English-speaking colony with more Roman Catholic than any other colonies - During the period of restoration when Charles II became king after Cromwell, Colonization has been interrupted
- Empire buildings resumed with even greater intensity and royal involvement
- Factors that colonized Carolina
-Development in close economic ties
- Settlers emigrated from Barbados
- Establishment in vigorous slave trade - Georgia, with the harbor of Savannah nourishing its chief settlement, was formally founded in 1733
- The English crown intended Georgia to serve as buffer
- Georgia was launched by a high minded group of philanthropists
- Georgia grew with painful slowness and at the end of the colonial era was perhaps the least populous of the colonies
- Factors that developed plantation economy
- Unhealthy climate
- Early restrictions on black slavery
- Demoralizing Spanish attacks - Drifted down a ragtag group of poverty stricken outcasts and religious dissenters
- Distinctive traits developed rapidly in North Carolina
- Location between aristocratic Virginia
and South Carolina caused to be dubbed
"a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit."
- Virtually all the coastal Indian tribes in the southern colonies had been utterly devastated by about 1720 Englands imperial stirrings Queen Elizabeth energizes England - The Emergence of North Carolina Lord Thomas West
3rd and 12th Baron De La Warr arrived at Jamestown in 1610
started the War against the Powhatans
introduced "Irish tactics"
his troops raided the Indian villages, burned the houses, confiscated the provisions, and torched the cornfields.
ended the First Anglo-Powhatan War in 1614 by sealing the marriage of Pocahontas to the colonist John Rolfe Native Americans strike back the settlers endured eight years after the war
Powhatans suffered for eight years
were pressed by the land-hungry whites
were ravaged by European diseases
struck back in 1622 making series of attack
347 settlers died including John Rolfe The Second Anglo-Powhatan War Virginia Company issued new orders calling for "a perpetual war without peace or truce"
in 1644 Second Anglo-Powhatan War starts
but gets defeated again
the peace treaty of 1646
banished the Chesapeake Indians from their ancestral lands
formally separated Indian from white areas of settlement
English considered the Powhatan peoples extinct. The Plantation Colonies - Southern mainland colonies were all in some degree devoted to exporting commercial agricultural products
- Permitted some religious toleration
- "Soil butchery" by excessive tobacco growing drove settlers westward and the long rivers
- Invited penetration of the continent
- Also confrontation with Native Americans
- The Iroquois Canoe was frail but artfully constructed craft used to trade with their neighbors Encouraged be the ambitious queen English bucaneers start to promote protestantism by raiding spanish settlements and seizing spanish treasures.
-English attempts to colonize and fails
-Spain is successful at colonizing gaining wealth for Philip II
-Spain creates an "invincible armada" to invade England however fails
-ensures Englands naval dominance over spain The Indians' New World Diseases biggest disruptor to the normal lives of Native Americans
extinguished entire cultures and occasionally helped shape new ones.
robbed elders who hold all the traditional rituals The West Indies: Way Station to Mainland America Spain relaxed its grip on much of the Caribbean in the early 1600s
Tobacco = Chesapeake
Sugar = Caribbean
imported slaves to use for sugarcane farm
by 1700 slaves outnumbered white settlers by four to one
Barbados slave code of 1661 denied the rights of slaves and gave masters the complete control over their rights
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