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Communism

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angel wong

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of Communism

Communism Boriana Tzvetkova
Angel Wong Ideology's perspective Development François-Noël Babeuf (1760-1797): Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) Present Communist Communism in Action Government and Nationalism Human Nature & Equality Goals Obstacles Agent create a classless, moneyless and stateless society
stateless : not governed by state, little concentration of authority
*Focus on the role of individual as a part of community
-in a stateless, classless society, policies and decisions on what to produce are made in the best interests of the whole of society
-instead of have one person or a certain group of people in the working class being the ruler, the wealth is usually being controlled by the working class
-current Communist countries
(1) Asia : China, North Korea, Vietnam , Cambodia
(2) North America : Cuba originally spread through Bolshevik revolution in 1917
was encouraged later during WWII when the Berlin Wall was built to separate Berlin into its communist and capitalist parts
NATO declared containment of communism in the Soviet Union and its satellites, but this didn't prevent the upcoming revolution in Cuba through Fidel Castro in 1959. Obvious obstacle is the capitalist nations who are unwilling to surrender their way of life to a nation-free society
belief that communism would become despotism
another belief self-contradictory belief is that communism can only start off with capitalistic principles, that is, the modes of production must be purely capitalistic to establish a foundation for a society in which resources, already existent, can be redistributed According to Marx, humans have the potential to develop creative and social skills that would naturally be used to benefit the community
Humans aren’t competitive and greedy, as defined by capitalists. They are forced to act as such due to a society, which mostly holds the interests of the bourgeois. Industrialization has caused the common man to become slave to work.
Men and women are equal because they are both human and the role of the woman should be equalized to that of the man -Communism does not limit a person's freedom in different aspects (freedom of speech, religion), However individual freedoms are NOT being highly valued, the only reason for the existence of such rights and freedom is to better the society
-Communist economy = planned economy
-Common ownership of means of production, no private ownership/corporation; the economy is fully operated by the government
-There can only be (1)state-owned (2)controlled business
-Social welfare is much more important than individual's profit
-Productions of Goods and Services are only aimed at satisfying the NEEDS of consumers, but not WANTS ~ one of the earliest socialist revolutionists
~ journalist & rebel of the French Revolution
~ had socialist ideals before the establishment of communism and was an inspiration for the Bolshevik Revolution almost 120 years later
Beliefs included
~ progressive taxation system
~ against "census suffrage" (weighted voting based on class rank)
~ communal ownership of property ~ co-founder of communism
~ like Marx, he believed that social classes were the reason to any economic study
“The modern state, no matter what its form, is essentially a capitalist machine.” General Information Bibliography Ideology Chart Against democracy because the majority ends up controlling the decisions that affect both the majority and the minority groups
The people are the government a communist society; they control the means of production
The state and its politics are dependent on the means of production in a capitalistic society, so both the economy and finances of the proletariat are exploited.
Communism was originally founded on the idea that any government would create class antagonism. In its nature, communism disregards every form of nationalism (or pride in one's nation)
A communist society considers everything as one.
When Lenin rallies for international communism, he says that the whole world would become dedicated to a lifestyle without boundaries and nations. Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) Prominent leader in the Bolshevik Revolution
believed in international communism
believed that revolution was necessary to give the proletariat equality
established the concept of vanguard party
was uneasy with the power his successor, Stalin, held as an authoritative, bureaucratic figure Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) responsible for the Great Terror
communism is a reaction to capitalism
tried to replace a feudal system (that currently existed in Russia) with a stricter regime Communism Ruling Other Communist Ideals Peter Kropotkin was an anarchist communist
believed that human nature was a progression/evolution which adapted to the needs of the people of their time as opposed to focusing on the duties of the state
Council communists like Rosa Luxemburg, incorporated communism into a democratic government
set up communist parties that ensured worker rights
opposed revolution -No incentive to work as wealth and social resources are being distributed
-Poor economy, noncompetitive society
-Dictatorship of proletariat class
-->Government is very likely to be dictated by the communist party/ the communist party leader (Fidel Castro, ruling Cuban from 1959-2008)
-Men and women are being treated equally, with same level of rights and responsibilities (both genders received same degree of education and were required to join the military training program) "Workers of the World, Unite!" Freedom & Economy 1917 - Bolshevik Revolution of Russia, allow the country to transform the government
1924 - After Lenin's rule, Stalin becomes dictator of the Soviet Union
Though signing peace pacts with Germany, Stalin proceeds with invasion of Poland and Finland and annexation of the smaller surrounding nations
1941 - Soviet Union enters WWII as an Ally after Germany invades
1945 - 1959 communism spreads to East Germany and Europe and farther to Vietnam, Korea, and Cuba
Much of the spread was initiated by famine; people were starving so they surrendered to dictatorship
1989 - As communism spreads to Africa and Cuba (despite the Iron Curtain), unrest erupts in Eastern Europe, forcing the fall of the Berlin Wall http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Fran%C3%A7ois-No%C3%ABl_Babeuf.html
http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/phil/philo/phils/engels.html
http://www.reddit.com/r/DebateaCommunist/comments/154ztl/what_are_the_obstacles_to_the_formation_and/
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/187483/Friedrich-Engels
http://bahai-library.com/adkin_marxism_human_nature
http://www.globalmuseumoncommunism.org/sites/all/themes/museum/flash/timeline/index.html
http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/politics/difference-between-communism-and-nationalism/
http://www.netplaces.com/understanding-socialism/chapter-3/babeufs-influence.htm
http://www.allaboutworldview.org/marxist-politics.htm
http://hollowverse.com/joseph-stalin/
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/shared/pdf/prof_friedrichengels.pdf
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stalin_joseph.shtml
http://history.howstuffworks.com/cold-war/the-cold-war-timeline2.htm
http://www.fourmilab.ch/etexts/www/kropotkin/ancom/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/lenin_vladimir.shtml
http://libcom.org/thought/council-communism-an-introduction
http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~eroberts/cs201/projects/communism-computing-china/censorship.html
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/communist-economy.html
-Cuban Communist
-Prime Minister (1959-1976); President (1976-2008); First Secretary of the Communist party of Cuba (1961-2011)
-under his administration, the Republic of Cuba became a one-party socialist state, business and industries were nationalized and there were socialist reforms in different aspects of the society
-formed an economic and military alliance with Soviet Union to fight against the United States, allowed Soviets to place nuclear weapons on the island which sparked the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962
-Castroism (left-wing ideology): mainly focused on promoting Cuban Nationalism, Latin American Solidarity, social justice and democracy
--> result : closer, personal relationship between Cuba and Russia (1961-1991); influenced the communists governments that controlled Southern and Western Africa GDP difference in communist and non-communist countries Fidel Castro (1926- )
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