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Film Analysis - Mississippi Burning

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Claire Roberts

on 25 September 2015

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Transcript of Film Analysis - Mississippi Burning

The 14th Amendment called for the de-segregation of schools throughout America as demonstrated by the Little Rock Nine in 1957
Events
LGBTQA+ and Black Rights
‘They carry different diseases than we do. That’s why I’ve drafted the Home Health Sanitisation Initiative… A disease-preventive bill that requires every white home to have a separate bathroom for the coloured help. It’s been endorsed by the White Citizen’s Council’
– Hilly Holbrook, The Help

Little Rock Nine
Today's Events
Mississippi Burning
Some people believe that with America's Black President and Marriage equality that crimes against these people just stop, but as demonstrated by Texas man they most certainly aren't. In a double hate crime - the victim was Black and Gay - a man got all his mates together to bash this poor man with items including a broom, frying pan, mug, a sock full of batteries and a belt. Once they had the poor man on the floor bleeding heavily, they stripped him - sexually assaulted him with the broom, beat him over the head with the gun, and poured bleach into his eyes. Its hard to believe that this crime was only committed in 2012 and not the 60's or even the 50's!! There are many similar cases to this not just in America but across the world varying in the context and conditions.
From the 60’s came the shooting of J.F.K, the Space Race and the Vietnam War – interlaced with segregation and racism forcing the people to fight, whether amongst themselves or against a greater power, the 60’s are usually associated with bloodshed.
The film
Mississippi Burning
takes place in the heart of the South America - Mississippi. Set in 1964 in a small town in the state of Mississippi, where the fight for civil rights defined a generation. In the movie it details people such as Martin Luther King 'Sounds like a publicity stunt cooked up by that Martin Luther fella' as mentioned by the town's Sheriff when asked about the 'Missing persons' case, that the detectives were sent to investigate - two Civil Rights activists were sent to the own to sent up a Voter Registration clinic at a local black church for the disadvantaged - but the church was burnt to the ground, and the Civil Rights workers along a black man murdered as a result of their actions, setting the scene of what life was really like in that town and many across the South.
Outcome 2 - Movements of the People
US Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King, Segregation, Hate Crimes etc
Historical Context
The American Civil Rights movement is believed to have begun when four black students sat down at a ‘whites-only’ lunch bench in February 1960 - Greensbro, North Carolina – they refused to leave. This caused many people to stand up for what they believed in demonstrating in their masses – hundreds went back to that lunch counter every day, and this movement spread throughout the upper South, grabbing the attention of America – forcing them to focus on the injustice and brutality they faced.
Generally the American government stayed out of civil rights struggles until President Johnson pushed a Civil Rights Act through parliament which prohibited discrimination in public places, gave the Justice Dept. the ability to sue states that discriminated against women and minorities – promising equal opportunities in the workplace to all. In the next year the Voting Rights Act (15th amendment) eliminated poll taxes (Having to pay to be able to vote), literacy requirements and various other methods white people used to keep black people from voting.
Segregation was used in the 60’s to enforce the separation of different racial groups – white > black – either across a community or a country eg: Schools. America being the world’s leading ‘superpower’ set the standard for the world acting against Black people based on opinions and whispers (prejudice) rather than reason or actual experience was the base of prejudice, that people can still validate continues today. Segregation was reasoned by whites to ‘keep them safe’ believing that black people were ‘dirty’ and had diseases that white people didn’t, creating another sickening stereotype that many still believe today.
Martin Luther was a major key to the 60's - becoming the face and voice for black people, he organised multiple peaceful marches in the name of civil rights such as in 1965 the peaceful march over 85kms long in the southern state of Alabama.
Film Analysis - Mississippi Burning
Hate Crimes (also known as bias crimes), were violent crimes motivated by a person’s intolerance (prejudice) of someone based on their ethnicity, colour, religion, gender, gender identity, sexuality or disability. Typical examples of hate crimes in the US include the lynching of black people (South) and Mexicans & Chinese (West). Cross burnings were used by groups such as the Klu Klux Klan to intimidate back activists or segregate them from white communities. Hate Crimes are not limited to black people with the painting of Swastikas on Jewish synagogues, and violent assaults such as rape being committed on LGBTQA+ people – the minority is always the victim.
Hate crime legislation began in 1968 coming under the Civil Rights Act making it illegal to ‘by force or by threat of force, injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone who is engaged in six specific protected activities such as their race, colour, religion or national origin’ but was later amended in 2009 to include sexual orientation, gender identity, disability after a major spike in crimes against these types of people – this was the first all – inclusive bill ever to be passed in the US taking 45 years to accomplish.
Most Hate Crimes in the US are committed against Black people – of the 8,208 hate crimes reported to the FBI in 2010 48% were race related and 70% of those were based on anti-black bias, this comes from America’s history of African slavery and traditional views.
The state of Mississippi
North Carolina
Full transcript