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Comedy Vs. Tragedy
Transcript of Comedy Vs. Tragedy
Comedy & Tragedy
Types of Comedy
Tragedy vs. Comedy
Tragedies are somber, thoughtful plays that are based on profound human emotions and conflicts that do not change with time or place.
The protagonist’s struggle and the inevitable fatal outcome elicits the audience’s pity and compassion.
•According to Aristotle:
The tragic protagonist is an average or better person who, during the course of the play, is brought from happiness to misery. Through this suffering, the protagonist usually acquires a sense of awareness—of truth, or self, or of others. At the same time, the protagonist becomes alienated and isolated from society. The cause of the protagonist’s difficulties is usually an action (or lack of action) brought on by a character weakness or error in judgment.
In comedies, all the characters come together at the end of the play.
There are many types of comedy.
One of the most important elements of comedy is the protection factor.
Low comedy focuses on physical antics; it is usually exaggerated in style and performance
•Inevitable—there is no way to change or to stop the outcome
•Universal theme and appeal
•Protagonist fails to achieve goals
•Protagonist alienated from society
•Protagonist average or better
•Protagonist falls from leadership, losing respect, dreams, position
High comedy relies almost exclusively on witty dialogue, not physical action.
The focus of every tragedy is the Protagonist
This character is a significant person who is engaged in a struggle but ultimately fails and is overcome.
•The quality of drama that arouses these feelings is called pathos.
•When the audience feels a sense of release at the end of a play it’s called catharsis.
The most enduring description of tragedy is found in the Poetics by Greek critic-philosopher Aristotle.
The greatest and most enduring comedies have taken situations and characters with which most audiences can easily identify.
The protagonist overcomes opposing forces or achieves desired goals or both.
Comedy does not always make you laugh out loud, but most comedy will amuse, delight, or at least please you.
Common causes of laughter:
A good comedy builds up pressure and then releases it.
Types of low comedy:
•Farce- is based on improbable characters and implausible coincidences and events.
• Parody- is a mockery of certain person or work incorporating a caricature, or exaggerated feature, of the subject. It requires prior knowledge of the subject being ridiculed.
Types of high comedy:
•Comedy of Manners- Usually mocks the pretenses of upper class. Also called drawing room comedy because the main action of these plays takes place in the drawing rooms of upper-class citizens.
•Satire- ridicules human folly, societal views, or individuals. The goal of satire is to change something for the better by ridiculing it.
• Predictably unpredictable—you can expect the unlikely
• Often time and place oriented
• Intellectual, mental
• Protagonist achieves goals
• Protagonist often becomes leader of new society; even villain is usually accepted
• Protagonist less than average
• Protagonist achieves success, often as a result of own mistakes or shortcomings