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Xerxes The Great

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Nathan Rollas

on 19 July 2014

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Transcript of Xerxes The Great

Biographical Explanation of Xerxes The Great
Xerxes I (ruled 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His mother was Atossa the daughter of Cyrus the Great and the son of Darius the Great. best known, in both ancient and modern sources, for the massive expedition he mounted against Greece in 480 BCE which, according to Herodotus, assembled the largest and most well equipped fighting force ever put into the field up ever (for that period).

He was known for his building projects and also known for succeeding where his predecessors had failed by keeping Egypt from breaking free of the Achaemenid Empire.Xerxes was assassinated by his minister Artabanus who also murdered his son Darius but Xerxes’ other son, Artaxerxes I, then killed Artabanus then took the throne and went on to complete Xerxes’ grand building plans in his own name and for his own glory.
Public Life, Achievements and Major Events
Xerxes lived from 520 - 465 B.C and Xerxes was not the first-born son of Darius, but he was the first son of Darius' wife Atossa. His mother was Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great therefore, accepted as a great king before having to prove himself so in any way.
Why I Chose This Individual
Xerxes is a interesting character in the story that is history with an abundance of information on him. I chose Xerxes the Great while originally intending to do king Leonidas. After reading about the battle of Thermopylae and learning about Xerxes the great I deemed him as being an interesting person and someone who has left their mark on history
Evaluation Of Xerxes Significance
Xerxes played a significant part in Greek history by being defeated by the Greeks and for being a tyrant of a leader who bribed and murdered anyone who got in the way of his reign. Many famous and significant events in greek history have xerxes involved in it such as the famous battle of Thermopylae which is knows as one of histories greatest battles. He also played a vital role in terms of Persian architecture and buildings. After a storm on the Hellespont stopped Xerxes from crossing into Greece, he ordered that the waters of the Hellespont be lashed 300 hundred times and cursed as punishment. Overall xerxes played a vital role and history and this is evident as history would not be the same without him.
Xerxes The Great
Public Life
By Nathan Rollas
Major Events
Major Events in Xerxes Life occurred when he took an expedition to Greece with the intention to conquer. According to Herodotus, the size of Xerxes’ expeditionary force was over two million men and four thousand ships. These major events were battles that occured between the Greeks and Xerxes army. Battle of Thermopylae, Battle of Artemisium, Battle of Salamis and Battle of Plataea are regarded as major events for Xerxes due to the fact that he's immensily larger force was defeated by a much smaller force.
Xerxes succeeding where his predecessors had failed by keeping Egypt from breaking free of the Achaemenid Empire and then later on suppressing the revolt of Babylon and utterly annihilating the city of Babylon. This is an achievement for Xerxes due to him being the only one to suppress the revolt in Egypt and how fast he suppressed Babylon
486 BCE
Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
485 BCE
Babylon is destroyed by Xerxes, King of Persia.
485 BCE - 465 BCE
Reign of Xerxes I (the Great) of Persia.
Jul 480 BCE
Xerxes I makes extensive preparations to invade mainland Greece by building depots, canals and a boat bridge across the Hellespont.
Aug 480 BCE
Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
Aug 480 BCE
The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
Sep 480 BCE
Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
479 BCE
Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
478 BCE
Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
c. 478 BCE
Xerxes I builds the Gate of All Nations, the Hall of 100 Columns and the grand Palace of Xerxes.
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