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Word parts: Prefix, root, and suffix

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Caia Fredrickson

on 13 September 2010

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Transcript of Word parts: Prefix, root, and suffix

Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes
What is a root?
A root is the base of a word.
Other word parts are added to the
root in order to create words. What are some examples of roots?
The word "geo" is a root. And it means "earth."

Geo=Earth What words do you know
that have the root "geo"
in them? Another root word is

Brainstorm in your group
to come up with three words
that have the root "hydro". So based on the words
you came up with, what does
"hydro" mean?
Remember: The root is the BASE of the word. So what do we do when we want to change the meaning of the root? We add a "prefix". A prefix is added to the beginning of a root and helps change the meaning. So what are some prefixes? How about

"dis-" Brainstorm two words that begin with those prefixes. Based on what you know,
what do those prefixes mean? Let's review.

Root: The base of the word.
Prefix: A word part added to the beginning of a word. What's left? The suffix.

The suffix of a word is added onto the end of a root.
The suffix often tells you what part of speech the word is. Let's practice.

I am going to give you a root word.

You will have to add a suffix to it.

Find three different suffixes. Your root word is "grad". Based on your words,
what does the root "grad" mean?
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