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4 step cps model
Transcript of 4 step cps model
Step 2: Incubation
Step 3: Illumination
Four (4) Step CPS Model
IGEN 3116 Creative Problem Solving
Step 4: Implementation
Originally developed by Psychiatrist, Socialist, and Educationalist Dr. Graham Wallas
Research originally published in his book: The Art of Thought, 1926.
Social Reformer and leader of the Fabian Society
Developed as a way for creatively solving problems by using a methodology for repeatable results
analysis of problem
research of problem
initial idea generation
In this phase of the model you want to carefully to define your problem. Look at your problem from all angles and ask multiple questions. Determine what your assumptions are about the problem and test them to find out if they are fact or fiction. Research possible solutions and use divergent thinking to generate ideas.
In this phase of the model, let your ideas incubate so you can reflect on the situation. The unconscious mind will take over information and connect ideas. When that happens, you may find that new ideas come to you at “weird” times (night dreaming, exercising, driving, etc.. Record the ideas and note when and where the ideas were triggered. This may be the optimum time for idea generation for you.
promising ideas emerge, convergent thinking used
ideas expanded upon then refined, evaluated, supported, and selected
Using your ideas from the previous steps and any new ideas you may want to generate, use convergent thinking techniques and/or rules to categorize, eliminate, evaluate and combine your ideas. Then re-evaluate your ideas until the best “SOLUTION” becomes evident.
plan of action developed
control methods incorporated
In this phase, construct a plan of action to implement your solution. Also, determine how you will measure the success from this solution, and if it fails, what other options you will consider. When will this solution take place?
Beneficial Questions: Who will be involved? Who do you need to ask for help? What has to be done before you can begin? What resources will you need? What are the best alternative solutions? Where will it take place? When do you need to start? When would you like to finish? Why do you need to follow through? How will you implement it? How will you determine that your solution is working? When will you switch to an alternative plan if this one fails?
This is the final slide.
The next step, is to log into the Blackboard "course documents" folder and read through a student example.