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PHILIPPINE POLITICAL HISTORY
Transcript of PHILIPPINE POLITICAL HISTORY
In Philippine history, the year 1521 marks the arrival of the first colonial power, and the beginning of what is often called the Spanish period. This period is thus described as the pre-colonial era or the pre-Spanish era.
The discovery of the oldest surviving written account in the Philippines, an event which occurred in about the year 900 AD, divides this pre-Spanish era into two separate periods which are covered in separate :
• the period of prehistory ending in 900 AD, followed by
• the pre-Spanish historical period ending in 1521.
Political leader/s: Governor General /Audiencia Royal/Gobernadorcillo
/ Alcalde Mayor
Form of Government: Macro- Traditional Autocracy
* the Philippines Under the rule of 1 Governor general ,He then sent several elite
Spaniards to govern small towns and provinces.
*it's purpose? CENTRALIZATION OF THE ARCHIPELAGO
Political Leaders : President / Prime Minister
Form of Government : 1965-1972 Modernizing Democracy
1972-1986 Modernizing Authoritarian Polity
Due to the declaration of Martial Law, Modernizing Democracy was suspended
Congress was abolished.
two-party system was deactivated
Political leaders : Rajah's , Datu's , Sultan and other Baranggay Chieftains
Type / Form of Government : MICRO-TRADITIONAL AUTOCRACY
* The Rajah (Datu or Sultan) is their supreme leader executes the Legislative , Executive, Judicial & Military Power .
* Power only limited within their territory.
An autocracy is a system of government in which a supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control
American Occupation & Commonwealth of the Philippines
Political Leaders : American Governor General /
President of the Commonwealth
In 1902-1945 a modernizing democracy was established .
In 1946 when the American Government Granted Our Independence The Filipino Modernizing Democracy has became stronger and more viable until 1972.
1965-1986 MARCOS ERA
What are the Prospects of the Philippines in the year 2000?
1st scenario: Year 2000 is a modern democracy, the Philippines will be indutrialized, foreign trade will be greatly expanded ,social services will be very extensive and people will actively participate to the political process.
2nd scenario: the Philippines will established a modern authoritarian polity, with continuation of martial law and authoritarian politics and industrialization of the nation.
3rd scenario: a more grim future of the Philippines. it presents a revolution taking place in the country, wrecking the economy, disrupting the society and the polity and eventually building ruins a modernizing totallitarian polity, with communism and socialism as its ideology. The revolution is believed to arise from ideological conflicts, alienation of the People, Polarization between the rich and the Poor.
MARCOS was OUSTED By PEOPLE POWER and REGAIN DEMOCRACY
1992-1998 RAMOS REGIME
Fidel "Eddie" Valdez Ramos USMA '50, AFP, PLH, GCMG (born March 18, 1928), popularly known as FVR, was the twelfth President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. During his six years in office, Ramos was widely credited and admired by many for revitalizing and renewing international confidence in the Philippine economy.
Failure in the Economy
Raged war against MILF
lose the trust of Foreign investors
Controversies like Corruption charges and jueteng
the people revolted against Estrada w/c resulted to EDSA 2