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HISTORY OF TESTING AND ASSESSMENT

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by

Leslie Ricks

on 30 January 2011

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Transcript of HISTORY OF TESTING AND ASSESSMENT

ANCIENT HISTORY In 2200 B.C.E. Chinese goverment assessed individuals for fitness to work in goverment positions. This testing was abolished in 1905 due to its intense and grueling process. Plato wrote that Ancient Greeks assessed the intellectual and physical abilities for state service. 1800's Jean Esquirol A French physician that
used language to identify
levels of intelligence in
individuals with mental
retardation. His assessment
marked the beginnings of
the "verbal IQ". Edouard Sequin A Frenchman who also
worked with mentally
challenged individuals. He
developed the form board to
boost his patients ' motor
control capacity and sensory
discrimination. This led to
"performance IQ" Sir Francis
Galton A cousin to Charles Darwin,
who examined the
relationship between sensory
motor responses to
intelligence. Wilhelm Wundt A scientist who set out to
create "a new domain of science"
called physiological psychology.
He developed one of the first
psychological labs to study humans. G. S. Hall He became the founder and first
president of the American
Physchological Association (APA)
in 1892. Emil Kraeplin He developed a crude word association
test to study schizophrenia called the
Woodsworth's Personal Data Sheet. 1900's COGNITIVE DOMAIN
Emergence of Ability Tests COGNITIVE DOMAIN
Emergence of Group Tests AFFECTIVE REALM
Emergence of Personality Tests Alfred Binet In 1904 he created
the first modern
intelligence test. Lewis Terman He revised and
enhanced Binet's work
to create Stanford-Binet
intelligence test. Robert Yerks He was a chairmen of
the committee that developed theArmy Alpha, first modern group test used during WWI. James Bryant Conant He developed the Scholastic
AptitudeTest: SAT to identify
the ability of individuals and help
equalize educational opportunities. J. B. Miner He developed one of the first formal interest inventories. This was used to assist large groups of high school students in making their career decisions. Edward Strong He was the founder of the Strong Vocational
Interest Blank. This interest inventory under
went numerous revisions over the years, but this
inventory continues to be one of the most widely
used instruments in career counseling. Carl Jung He used word association to identify mental
illness or point out a problematic or neurotic area
in their lives. Herman Rorschach He developed the most
well-known projective
test--the Rorschach
Inkblot test. HISTORY OF ASSESSMENT
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