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Science and Politics

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chiara carrozza

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Science and Politics

Science and Policy
PhD seminar, January 18, 2014
FEUC Coimbra
Chiara Carrozza
carrozza.c@gmail.com
Common and unambiguous goals
When everyone has the same information the choice will be obvious
Information do have a relevant role in the decision-making
Tornado politics
Abortion politics
Different perspectives based on values and ideas
Choice is not dependent on knowledge and information
Information is not enough to mediate between different perspectives
Roger Pielke, The Honest Broker, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2007
focuses on research with absolutely no consideration for its use or utility
focuses on the implications of research for a particular political agenda.
seeks to stay removed from explicit considerations of policy and politics, but recognizes that decision-makers may have specific questions that require the judgment of experts
engages in decision- making by clarifying and, at times, seeking to expand the scope of choice available to decision-maker
Science
Policy
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/dec/02/scientists-policy-governments-science
Top 20 things scientists need to know about policy-making
Twenty tips for interpreting scientific claims
http://www.nature.com/news/policy-twenty-tips-for-interpreting-scientific-claims-1.14183
politicization of science
scientization of policy
democratization of expertise
Mode 2
Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., Trow, M. (1994). The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies, London: Sage.
The Periodic Table of Expertise
Collins, H., & Evans, R. (2007). Rethinking Expertise, Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press.
Post-normal science
Funtowicz, S.O. & Ravetz, J.R. (1992). Three types of risk assessment and the emergence of Post-Normal Science. In S.Funtowicz Krimsky & D. Golding (Eds.), Social Theories of Risk. Westport CT: Greenwood, 251–273.
–. (1993). Science for the post-normal age, Futures, 25(7), 739-755.
Idiom of co-production
Jasanoff, S. (2004a)(Ed). States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order, New York: Routledge.
politicization of science
scientization of policy
democratization of expertise
Suraje Dessai and Jeroen van der Sluijs, 2007, Uncertainty and Climate Change Adaptation - a Scoping Study, report NWS-E-2007-198, Department of Science Technology and Society, Copernicus Institute, Utrecht University. 95 pp
http://www.nusap.net/
http://www.jvds.nl/

Sheila Jasanoff, A New Climate for Society, Theory Culture Society 2010 27: 233
Miller, C., & Edwards, P. (Eds) (2001), Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, Cambridge (MA): MIT Press.
Miller, C. (2004). Climate science and the making of a global political order, in S. Jasanoff (Ed), States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order, 45-66, New York: Routledge.

Bucchi M. & Neresini F., Science and Public Participation, in The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, p. 462.
OTA (Office of Technology Assessment) (USA)
Office Parlamentaire d’Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques (França)
Teknologi-rådet (Dinamarca) – independente, instituída pelo Parlamento
Parliamentary Office for Science and Technology
Science and Technology Options Assessment (Parlamento Europeu)
Rathenau Instituut (Holanda)
Full transcript