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Transcript of Criminal Psychology
2. Psychopaths are extremely self-centered.
3. Psychopaths must always do something to keep themselves from boredom.
4. Psychopaths are very deceptive and tend to lie continuously.
5. Psychopaths show no remorse of guilt towards their victims.
6. Psychopaths are very predatory and usually will live off other people.
7. Psychopaths have many sexual partners in their lifetime.
8. Psychopaths are very impulsive with their lifestyle.
9. Psychopaths are always blaming other people for their actions.
10. Psychopaths never have a realistic view of their lives. (king of the world or from another planet)
11. Psychopaths always want psychological gratification in sexual and criminal activities.
12. Psychopaths tend to try suicide, rarely succeeding.
Types of Criminals A few types of Criminals are sociopaths, psychopaths, the criminally insane, and the psychologically disturbed. Sociopath Characteristics: A sociopath is one who is affected with a personality disorder marked by antisocial behavior. 1. Sociopaths are very charming.
2. Sociopaths can be extremely manipulative and will try to con you whenever possible.
3. Sociopaths feel that they are entitled to everything.
4. Sociopaths will lie continuously to get what they want. They can even sometimes manipulate a lie detector.
5. Sociopaths have no remorse, shame or guilt.
6. Sociopaths will show love and happiness only when it serves their purpose. None of the feelings are genuine.
7. Sociopaths have no room for love in their life.
8. Sociopaths need to have excitement in their lives or live on the edge.
9. Sociopaths have lack of empathy hen their victims suffer pain that they have caused.
10. Sociopaths believe that they are all mightier than tho, there is no concern on how their behavior impacts others.
11. Sociopaths usually have a long history of juvenile delinquency as well as behavior problems.
12. Sociopaths will never take blame for anything they have done to anyone no matter if it is family or friend.
13. Sociopaths have many sexual partners and tend to act out many sexual acts.
14. Sociopaths rarely stay in one place for a long time (home/work).
15. Sociopaths will change themselves if they know it will keep them from being found out. Criminally Insane The insanity defense is used by criminal defendants. The most common variation is cognitive insanity. Under the test for cognitive insanity, a defendant must have been so impaired by a mental disease or defect at the time of the act that he or she did not know the nature or quality of the act, or, if the defendant did know the nature or quality of the act, he or she did not know that the act was wrong. The vast majority of states allow criminal defendants to invoke the cognitive insanity defense. A defense asserted by an accused in a criminal prosecution to avoid liability for the commission of a crime because, at the time of the crime, the person did not appreciate the nature or quality or wrongfulness of the acts. Mentally Ill or Psychologically Disturbed? Childhood Symptoms: 1.) Aggressive, acting-out behaviour
2.) Manifest anxiety
3.) Anti-social behaviour
4.) Depression and inhibition
5.) Disturbances of toilet functions. A psychological disturbance or mental illness is a psychological pattern or anomaly, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development of a person's culture. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of how a person feels, acts, thinks or perceives. This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain or rest of the nervous system, often in a social context. Symptoms of ASPD: 1.) Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest
2.) Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure
3.) Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults
4.) Reckless disregard for safety of self or others
5.) Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations
6.) Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
Causes of APD are unknown, yet it is believed that physiological and psychological factors are inherent in its manifestation Personality and Crime Characteristics of an individual that predisposes one to act in certain ways in certain situations. Also, the way one perceives, thinks about, and relates to oneself and to one's environment. Is there such thing as a Criminal Personality? Freud was the first person to write about personality He believed that behavior is influenced by unresolved conflicts in childhood
Crime would occur due to
-Malfunctioning of the id (overwhelming whims)
-Underdeveloped superego (no conscious)
-Over-developed superego (desire to be caught and punished) Freud determined that behavior is influenced by psychological processes, some of which are unconscious. Early childhood experiences are important, and often determine adult psychology. He also opined that behavior could be treated through psychoanalysis. Common Traits Impulsivity Aggression Sensation Seeking Risk Taking Inability to
Delay Gratification External
Locus of Control Mental Illness: Schizophrenia Thought disturbance ambivalence, autism, and episodes of psychosis (delusions and hallucinations) are symptomatic of Schizophrenia. Nearly 1% of the general population suffers from Schizophrenia, and are generally reguarded as mentally ill. Intelligence and Criminology Capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively with the environment. Henry H. Goddard, a prominent psychologist of the early 20th century, used IQ tests to determine criminal tendencies among different ranges of IQ. Most of the differences are for Verbal IQ rather than Performance IQ Higher IQ, especially Verbal, might mean that one understands consequences better and has planning skills (protective factor)
Lower Verbal IQ might mean that person is less likely to use "internal speech and be more impulsive (and thus less likely to be deterred)
Higher Verbal IQ is associated with better moral reasoning skills Even today, modern psychoanalysts debate upon the root causes of criminal behavior, coming up with new theories based on modern research, disproving or confirming previously held beliefs and opinions. unlike most other sciences, psychology changes with changing times and social eras, thereby keeping it in a state of constant evolution.