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Criminal Psychology

The psychology behind the criminal mind.

Maureen Quay

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Criminal Psychology

Criminal Psychology Nick . Maureen . Effie . Thomas What is Criminal Psychology? Criminal Psychology is the study of the wills, thoughts, intentions and reactions of criminals, all that partakes in the criminal behavior. Psychological Areas Related to Crime Abnormal Psychology and Crime Antisocial Personality Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder Learning Disabilities Moral Development Intelligence and Crime Mental Illness and Schizophrenia Personality and Crime Abnormal Psychology and Crime Abnormal Psychology is the scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning Abnormal Psychology is the reason that criminal psychologists can "predict" a serial killers next move. Three of the Most Notorious Serial Killers in History 1888 1960 Jack The Ripper Jack the Ripper is the best known pseudonym given to an unidentified serial killer active in the largely impoverished districts in and around Whitechapel, London, in 1888. The name originated in a letter by someone claiming to be the murderer that was disseminated in the media. The letter is widely considered to be a hoax, and may have been written by a journalist in a deliberate attempt to heighten interest in the story. Charles Manson Charles Milles Manson (born November 12, 1934) is an American criminal who led what became known as the Manson Family, a quasi-commune that arose in California in the late 1960s. He was found guilty of conspiracy to commit the Tate/LaBianca murders, carried out by members of the group at his instruction. He was convicted of the murders themselves through the joint-responsibility rule, which makes each member of a conspiracy guilty of crimes his fellow conspirators commit in furtherance of the conspiracy's object. j 1970 Ed Gein Edward Theodore "Ed" Gein was an American murderer and grave robber. His crimes, which he committed around his hometown of Plainfield, Wisconsin, garnered widespread notoriety after authorities discovered Gein had exhumed corpses from local graveyards and fashioned trophies and keepsakes from their bones and skin. Anti Social Personality Disorder Formerly known as psychopaths, or sociopaths, surveys show that 3% of the general population, and neary 25% of incarcerated prisoners suffer from APD Role of Psychology in the Justice System Criminal Psychologists can get inside a criminal's mind by examining their mentality and social behavior Criminal Profiling Profiling began in the 1880s and has been used during crime scene investigations. Profilers often rely on their intuition and informal studies to learn about a criminal, doing what they can to understand a crime's impetus. Students can examine organized and disorganized crimes as they examine a criminal's actions, behaviors and mentality that led to its occurrence. Investigative Psychology Criminal psychologists can study a criminal's influences. Police collect information from a crime scene that can affect the public and the criminal justice system. Understanding criminal psychology can help students recognize the implications of a crime and their work. Psychosocial Approach A person's interpretation of a situation may lead him or her to criminal behavior. Criminal psychologists must consider situational variables that may lead a person to commit a crime. Students can study potential factors that could play a role in crimes Criminal Justice System Psychopath Characteristics: A psychopath is a person with an antisocial personality disorder, manifested in aggressive, perverted, criminal, or amoral behavior without empathy or remorse. 1. Psychopaths use superficial charm to lure their victims.
2. Psychopaths are extremely self-centered.
3. Psychopaths must always do something to keep themselves from boredom.
4. Psychopaths are very deceptive and tend to lie continuously.
5. Psychopaths show no remorse of guilt towards their victims.
6. Psychopaths are very predatory and usually will live off other people.
7. Psychopaths have many sexual partners in their lifetime.
8. Psychopaths are very impulsive with their lifestyle.
9. Psychopaths are always blaming other people for their actions.
10. Psychopaths never have a realistic view of their lives. (king of the world or from another planet)
11. Psychopaths always want psychological gratification in sexual and criminal activities.
12. Psychopaths tend to try suicide, rarely succeeding.

Types of Criminals A few types of Criminals are sociopaths, psychopaths, the criminally insane, and the psychologically disturbed. Sociopath Characteristics: A sociopath is one who is affected with a personality disorder marked by antisocial behavior. 1. Sociopaths are very charming.
2. Sociopaths can be extremely manipulative and will try to con you whenever possible.
3. Sociopaths feel that they are entitled to everything.
4. Sociopaths will lie continuously to get what they want. They can even sometimes manipulate a lie detector.
5. Sociopaths have no remorse, shame or guilt.
6. Sociopaths will show love and happiness only when it serves their purpose. None of the feelings are genuine.
7. Sociopaths have no room for love in their life.
8. Sociopaths need to have excitement in their lives or live on the edge.
9. Sociopaths have lack of empathy hen their victims suffer pain that they have caused.
10. Sociopaths believe that they are all mightier than tho, there is no concern on how their behavior impacts others.
11. Sociopaths usually have a long history of juvenile delinquency as well as behavior problems.
12. Sociopaths will never take blame for anything they have done to anyone no matter if it is family or friend.
13. Sociopaths have many sexual partners and tend to act out many sexual acts.
14. Sociopaths rarely stay in one place for a long time (home/work).
15. Sociopaths will change themselves if they know it will keep them from being found out. Criminally Insane The insanity defense is used by criminal defendants. The most common variation is cognitive insanity. Under the test for cognitive insanity, a defendant must have been so impaired by a mental disease or defect at the time of the act that he or she did not know the nature or quality of the act, or, if the defendant did know the nature or quality of the act, he or she did not know that the act was wrong. The vast majority of states allow criminal defendants to invoke the cognitive insanity defense. A defense asserted by an accused in a criminal prosecution to avoid liability for the commission of a crime because, at the time of the crime, the person did not appreciate the nature or quality or wrongfulness of the acts. Mentally Ill or Psychologically Disturbed? Childhood Symptoms: 1.) Aggressive, acting-out behaviour
2.) Manifest anxiety
3.) Anti-social behaviour
4.) Depression and inhibition
5.) Disturbances of toilet functions. A psychological disturbance or mental illness is a psychological pattern or anomaly, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development of a person's culture. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of how a person feels, acts, thinks or perceives. This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain or rest of the nervous system, often in a social context. Symptoms of ASPD: 1.) Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest
2.) Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure
3.) Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults
4.) Reckless disregard for safety of self or others
5.) Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations
6.) Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
Causes of APD are unknown, yet it is believed that physiological and psychological factors are inherent in its manifestation Personality and Crime Characteristics of an individual that predisposes one to act in certain ways in certain situations. Also, the way one perceives, thinks about, and relates to oneself and to one's environment. Is there such thing as a Criminal Personality? Freud was the first person to write about personality He believed that behavior is influenced by unresolved conflicts in childhood
Crime would occur due to
-Malfunctioning of the id (overwhelming whims)
-Weak ego
-Underdeveloped superego (no conscious)
-Over-developed superego (desire to be caught and punished) Freud determined that behavior is influenced by psychological processes, some of which are unconscious. Early childhood experiences are important, and often determine adult psychology. He also opined that behavior could be treated through psychoanalysis. Common Traits Impulsivity Aggression Sensation Seeking Risk Taking Inability to
Delay Gratification External
Locus of Control Mental Illness: Schizophrenia Thought disturbance ambivalence, autism, and episodes of psychosis (delusions and hallucinations) are symptomatic of Schizophrenia. Nearly 1% of the general population suffers from Schizophrenia, and are generally reguarded as mentally ill. Intelligence and Criminology Capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively with the environment. Henry H. Goddard, a prominent psychologist of the early 20th century, used IQ tests to determine criminal tendencies among different ranges of IQ. Most of the differences are for Verbal IQ rather than Performance IQ Higher IQ, especially Verbal, might mean that one understands consequences better and has planning skills (protective factor)
Lower Verbal IQ might mean that person is less likely to use "internal speech and be more impulsive (and thus less likely to be deterred)
Higher Verbal IQ is associated with better moral reasoning skills Even today, modern psychoanalysts debate upon the root causes of criminal behavior, coming up with new theories based on modern research, disproving or confirming previously held beliefs and opinions. unlike most other sciences, psychology changes with changing times and social eras, thereby keeping it in a state of constant evolution.
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