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The Plight of Bees

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Daniella Maturana

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of The Plight of Bees

The Plight of
What causes CCD?
So what's the problem?
An Opinion
Possible causes for CCD
Colony Collapse Disorder
Results from CCD
The Honeybee
Apis mellifera
Though the honeybee may share a stinger like the common wasp
they are very different
Unlike the honeybee, wasps do not have a barbed stinger giving them the opportunity to continuously sting a predator while the honey bee can only attack a large predator once until the venom sack is ripped out of the bee's abdomen causing it to die.
Though regularly mistaken
What does the

Honeybee do for us?
probably one of the most essential factors of agriculture
holds $15 billion dollars in part of agriculture
one out of three mouthfuls that humans consume come from the help of the honeybee
About the
play a vital role as pollinators which is an important role in our ecosystem
aside from honey honeybees give us a third of the fruits and vegetables we eat which depend on their pollination
Colony holds 20,000-30,000 bees
provides honey
collects 1/12 teaspoon in its lifetime
constructs, nurses and guards
lifespan of 20-30 days
mates with queen and dies right after
lays up to 1,500 eggs a day
lives up to 3-7 years
Waggle Dance
When a worker has located food it alerts its foragers by dance moves (waggle dance)
Through this they can communicate the distance of the food and the angle it is facing from the sun
honeybees have become a symbol from ancient times as the human soul, noble power, creativity, and a gift of nature
worshiped by Mayans, Hindus, Sumerians
humans hunted for honey at least 8,000 years ago
Ancient Egypt were first to originate beekeeping
ancient ways where honey raw was used as a sweetener and a medicine (still today)
Brief History

Bees were never native to North America, they appear
to have originated from South and Southeast Asia
The bee was only imported in the 17th century due to the high demand of agriculture
Since late 2006 honeybees have been dying for reasons unclear even today
Pesticides, parasites and diseases are some of the suspects of the disappearance of the honeybee
Much of the blame though is pointed at humanity
By mankind's materialistic vision we are now jeopardizing the species of the honeybee and soon maybe our own
In late 2006 beekeepers have reported high rates in the death of bees
Hives would be full of wax, honeycomb, and honey, but no bees
The term of this event became to be known as Colony Collapse Disorder
There would be a complete absence of adult bees in colonies with no or little build up of dead bees in the hive with usually the queen bee present
Since 2006 colony losses from CCD have been increasing across the world although many things are suspects of the cause for CCD the causes of the syndrome are still unknown
significantly economically because various crops
worldwide are pollinated by these bees (one hundred
crops that provide 90% of worlds food over 70 are pollinated by bees)

shortage of bees is the U.S. have made the renting price increase by 20%

each year since 2006 commercial beekeepers have reported annual losses of 29%-36%

biologist pose that this might be a greater threat than global warming
Over the past couple of years, nearly one third of all honeybee colonies have collapsed
Due to CCD
there was
bees to
service the
vital almond
pollination in California
on the spring of 2013 putting
$4 billion at risk
Almonds are one of the most valuable exports
Though the cause of CCD is still unknown today there are many suspects that could be the reason for the epidemic
Parasite viruses
Cell phone transmissions
Varroa Mite
A threat to the honeybee. Pesticides and lack of food
towards the honey bee might weaken them and so pests like the Varroa Mite could finish them off spreading diseases the bees do not have strength to resist.
affect neurology of bees
Neonicotinoids disrupt the immune system of bees making then hypersensitive to viral infections to which bees are normally resistant towards
first new class of insecticide in the world, restricted in some countries due to evidence of it connecting to the honeybee CCD
January 2013: European Food Safety Authority declared that Neonicotinoids pose a high risk to bees
they are used as seed treatments for thousands of crops in the market including flea and lawn products and preserved in the soil for years
impact bees ability to forage for nectar, learn, remember where flowers are located, and impair their ability to find their way home
Humans have created a world that

is inhabitable to the honeybees. They are giving
bees supplemental feed, often corn syrup to make
controlling nature is stressing out the
ecosystem and humans are
making it crumble.
Agriculture lies on the bees
Life is unable to grown without the bees
We have begun to treat bees as a materialistic thing and we have exploited nature in order to benefit our own needs
Humans are killing the species they have depended on for thousands of years
Our Ecosystem might blow into disaster and we might have to face jeopardizing our own race
This plight symbolizes that there is something definitely and deeply wrong with how we are running things on this planet

What's being done now...
Governments in
Italy, France, and
Germany have already
taken action against
neonicotinoids to protect
their pollinators and
beekeepers are reporting
June 14, 2013
Whole foods market in University Heights, Rhode Island to raise awareness of just how crucial pollinators are to the food system the store removed all produce that came from plants that depended on honeybees. The produce team pulled of 237 of 453 of the products, 52% of the normal product mix in the department.
What you can do
Simple things
help the bees by...
planting a garden
leaving out any armful chemical sprays, cancel out pesticides
providing native plants for bees
leaving shallow water sources for bees and leaving dead trees or plants for wild bees to nest in
not calling the exterminator
buy organic honey instead to support pollinator health
think of the bees!
monoculture. This industrialized way of
up for the lack of wild feed, forcing bees on
Full transcript