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2011 Egyptian Revolution
Transcript of 2011 Egyptian Revolution
Population: around 84 million (2013 est.)
Area: 1 001 450 square km.
Religion: Mostly Muslim
President before Revolution: Hosni Mubarak
President after Revolution: Mohamed Morsi Before the Revolt Why They Revolted? Legal and political issues: The Rebels Inspired by the Tunisian Revolution
an unemployed graduate set himself on fire which sparked demonstrations protesting jobs and called for government reform
this was successful and it led to democracy in Tunisia
during Mubarak's rule it was illegal, but was legalized after the revolution Organization - Tunisia uprisings influenced the Egyptians
- Through the social network, the idea spread
there were many Facebook pages, etc.
- Planned for weeks
- Opposition Leader: Mohamed ElBardei Pro Government How the government was overthrown Methods:
Strike Actions Government Response - blocked the media, for example, newspaper/ Media Stations.
- Blocked Social Network (Facebook/Twitter)
- Cell phone and internet blackout
- Government decided to set a curfew.
Incident of the Camel - February 2, 2011
Mubarak sends his supporters to stormed Tahrir Square on camels and horses. They were wielded with sticks and weapons. Aftermath Timeline Video Questions Bibliography THANKS FOR WATCHING Mainly the general population took part
tired of Mubarak's rule Muslim Brotherhood
one of the main opposition groups
advocated for Islamic reform, democracy, and supporting poor Egyptians through charities Social media caused many youth to take part in the revolution
demonstrations were organized through Facebook pages There were also pro-Mubarak supporters The pro-Mubarak supporters attacked the anti-government demonstrators
some of them rode horses and camels
they had whips, sticks, and stones Many of the pro-Mubarak supporters were thought to be undercover secret police
police ID was found on one of the pro-Mubarak demonstrators - police brutality
- state of emergency laws
- lack of free elections
- freedom of speech
- political censorship Economic issues: - high unemployment
- food price inflation
- low wages Wanted to end president
Hosni Mubarak's regime. Important Dates Day of Revolt - January 25, 2011
- Around the beginning of the revolution.
- ten thousands of protesters gathered in Cairo and other cities of Egypt. Friday of Anger - January 28, 2011
- prisons were opened and burned
- riots, deaths, and people protested. February 11, 2011 President Hosni Mubarak resigns
Leaves power to the Supreme Council of Egyptian Armed Forces
Military would rule Egypt for 6 months or until elections would be held CANADA USA MEXICO TUNISIA Government March 19, 2011 Referendum passed which made changes to constitution so a civilian government could return quickly November 2011 - January 2012 Elections held for Parliament
Muslim Brotherhood won the most seats May 31, 2012 emergency laws which suspended rights and gave extraordinary powers to government expire after 31 years June 16/17, 2012 Presidential elections held and Egypt becomes a republic
Only 51.85% voter turnout
After elections, military kept on to many powers June 30, 2012 Mohammad Morsi from Muslim Brotherhood sworn into office
became Egypt's first democratically elected president
Military hands its power over December 2012 New Constitution of Egypt approved
limited powers of the president and gave certain rights Hosni Mubarak Egyptian justice members declared that Mubarak would be prosecuted over the deaths of the protesters May 24, 2011 August 3, 2011 Trial starts
Mubarak charged with corruption and murder June 4, 2012 found guilty in the murder charges
found not guilty in the corruption charges January 2013 An appeal to the trial was granted by Egypt's Court of Cassation because of "procedural failings" May 2013 Mubarak's retrial starts
To be retried on the murder and corruption charges February 28, 2011 Prosecutor General orders freeze on Mubarak's assets and bans him from leaving Egypt -semi-presidential republic government (but autocratic/ dictatorship-like)
-Hosni Mubarak: came to power after 1981 assassination of President Anwar El Sadat
-ruled with National Democratic Party government under a one party rule under state of emergency for 30 years Walt, Vivienne. "Pro-Mubarak Supporters Fight Protesters in Tahrir Square - TIME." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013. <http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2045759,00.html>.
BBC News. "BBC News - Profile: Hosni Mubarak." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12301713>.
Daily Mail. "Egypt protests: Hosni Mubarak's supporters on CAMELS in violent revolution | Mail Online." Home | Mail Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1352848/Egypt-protests-Hosni-Mubaraks-supporters-CAMELS-violent-revolution.html>.
"Egypt Basic Facts." African Safari | Africa Travel, Vacations and Holidays. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013. <http://www.africapoint.com/egypt-destinations.php>.
"Egyptian Anti-Government Protests." GaleNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://find.galegroup.com/gic/docRetrieve.do?searchPageType=BasicSearchForm&inPS=true&prodId=GIC&userGroupName=38jnbs&docId=CP3208520376>.
"Egyptian protesters want 'Friday of Anger' - UPI.com." Latest news, Latest News Headlines, news articles, news video, news photos - UPI.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013. <http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2012/01/26/Egyptian-protesters-want-Friday-of-Anger/UPI-16951327617870/>. Herrera, Linda. "Illinois International Review | Fall 2011." Illinois International // University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://ilint.illinois.edu/iir/fall2011/rebels.html>.
KIRKPATRICK, DAVID D.. "Egypt News â” Revolution and Aftermath." Times Topics - The New York Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013. <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/egypt/index.html>.
Parks, Cara. "What's Going On In Egypt?." Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/28/whats-going-on-in-egypt_n_815734.html>.
Rubin, Barry. "REFLECTIONS ON THE REVOLUTION IN EGYPT." GLORIA Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.gloria-center.org/2011/10/reflections-on-the-revolution-in-egypt/>.
www.youtube.com/watch?v=-HGfFyqJMrk Why do you think Mubarak gave in and stepped down as president after just 17 days of rebellion? What do you think would have happened to the rebels if the government won?