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Transcript of Invictus
How are the effects of Apartheid portrayed in the film?
Invictus is 2009 biographical sports drama, directed by Clint Eastwood. It highlights the rise to presidency of Nelson Mandela, and how he changes the face of South Africa following the fallout of apartheid, for the 1995 Rugby World Cup, hosted by South Africa.
Henry Bryden - Adam Vining
This presentation looks at how the effects of apartheid are still so very evident in the film, how the events of the time affect a relationship in the film, and how the power of sport can bring a culture(s) together. Collaboratively, these points clearly illustrate the theme that it only takes one persons belief to amend a broken nation.
Clint Eastwood presents apartheid through the characters and their actions in the film, he also shows the work Nelson Mandela did in an attempt to correct this wrong doing by South Africans before him. A good example of this is how Mandela's security crew started as all black but very soon De Klerks security force joins the team. Although this was not liked by either parties, Mandela was willing to accept the change, which shows Mandela's passion and desire to create a new South Africa. The leader of Mandela's black body gaurds complains to President Mandela claiming "not long ago these people tried to kill us." Mandela shows his opinion on the situation by stating "forgiveness liberates the soul." Through Mandela's words, Eastwood portrays the theme that it only takes one persons's belief to amend a broken nation. Mandela wants to forget the past and move on with the future of South Africa. More people such as Nelson Mandela are needed in today's modern society. Although we like to believe racism and discrimination are not a factor in our society, these are undoubtedly stronger than ever. If there were more people such as Nelson Mandela then we would not see discrimination because we would all be interested in creating happiness and equality.
How do the events of the time affect a relationship in the film?
How does the power of sport bring a culture(s) together?
The story is based on the John Carlin book
Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation,
about the events in South Africa before and during the 1995 Rugby World Cup, which was hosted in that country following the dismantling of apartheid. Morgan Freeman and Matt Damon play, respectively, South African President Nelson Mandela and François Pienaar, the captain of the South Africa rugby union team, the Springboks. (Wikipedia)
The timeline below shows how the years panned out leading up to the 1995 Rugby World Cup.
Mandela released from prison
1994 - Mandela elected as first black president of SA
End of Apartheid
1989 - Allocation of RWC
to South Africa
The significant event of Apartheid affects the relationship that Nelson Mandela strikes up with Francois Pienaar. Mandela as not long been released from prison, and when he is elected as the first black president of SA, his goal is to unite and inspire a segregated nation by South Africa winning the 1995 RWC. Mandela invites Pienaar to his office to talk with him about the RWC. He outlines to Pienaar that his ultimate goal is to help guide the Springboks to World Cup victory. Mandela wonders, "How do you inspire your team to do their best?" To which Pienaar replies, "by example, I've always thought to lead by example Sir." As Mandela was locked up for 27 years, he doesn't have much knowledge of the game, or his national team. He has formed this relationship with the SA rugby captain to understand how the team inspires itself to perform at its best. He is doing all in his power to change South Africa. His actions illustrate the theme of how it only takes one person's belief to amend a broken nation.
As Apartheid separated the blacks from the whites, Mandela is doing all he can to inspire the people of his nation that World Cup victory is possible.
"How do you inspire
your team to do
"By example, I've always
thought to led by
"Sport has the power to change the world…it has the power to inspire. It has the power to unite people in a way that little else does. It speaks to youth in a language they understand. Sport can create hope where once there was only despair. It is more powerful than government in breaking down racial barriers."
“All the whites cheer for South Africa. All the blacks cheer for England.”
"Not long ago these
people tried to kill us"
"Brothers and Sisters! This
is the time to build our
nation! Let me lead you
his views on how the power of sport can
change many things.
A quote from Mandela
when he addressed the nation
at the 1995 Rugby World Cup. The
use of 'brothers and sisters'
portrays the fact that Mandela
views his people as family, even
after the Apartheid era.
that his nation is
divided when it comes
to supporting rugby.
Mandela's bodyguard is unhappy that he is trying to rebuild South Africa, to which Mandela replies, "Forgiveness liberates the soul", meaning that fogiveness releases your inner emotions.
Mandela questioning the Springbok captain, Francois Pienaar
Invictus successfully illustrates the theme of one persons belief can amend a broken nation. The theme is developed through the ideas of how the effects of Apartheid are portrayed in the film, how a relationship is affected by the events at the time, and how sport can bring a culture(s) together. Nelson Mandela believed that a remodeled South Africa was possible, and he believed that through sport and the 1995 Rugby World Cup, the people of South Africa could come together and forget the past. If not one person believes that bringing a whole nation together is possible, then it will never become a reality.
Sport can bring a separated nation together, as shown in South Africa in 1995 during the rugby world cup. Although both white and black South Africans identified themselves as seperate cultures, both would later determine themselves as a single culture, due to the thinking and quality of Nelson Mandela's leadership. "Sport has the power to change the world…it has the power to inspire. It has the power to unite people in a way that little else does. It speaks to youth in a language they understand. Sport can create hope where once there was only despair. It is more powerful than government in breaking down racial barriers." Mandela saw the 1995 Rugby world cup as an opportunity for South Africa to move onwards in their development beyond apartheid. Mandela's inspiring words show clearly illustrate the dominating theme, that it only takes one persons belief to amend a broken nation. If the understanding of unity was shown through to many more eyes like Mandela did to South Africa, we would find a lot more peace within countries and a lot of protesting and violence could be prevented.