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Copy of OSCE

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Natalia Stupnytska

on 5 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of OSCE

Організація з безпеки та співробітництва в Європі
Координатор проектів ОБСЄ в Україні

1975 - The Helsinki Final Act
1990 - The Charter of Paris For a New Europe
OSCE organs
What makes the OSCE special
"democracy as the only system of government of our nations"
1995 - the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Intergovernmental Organization

No legal personality
Consensus-based
Comprehensive security
military
economic and environmental
human

«the protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms and the strengthening of democratic institutions continue to be a vital basis for our comprehensive security»
(CSCE Helsinki Summit Declaration 1992)
democratic peace
Activities
Principles
education, democratization, human rights, the rule of law, elections, the freedom of media, minority rights, tolerance and non-discrimination, gender equality, anti-trafficking
universality
non-applicability of the principles of non-intervention and state sovereignty
the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)
assisting the democratization process
monitoring the implementation of the OSCE human dimension by participating states
cooperation with other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations
integrating the human dimension into the security activities of the OSCE
electoral assistance
assistance in building democratic institutions
creating relevant legislation and setting up independent judiciaries
conducting seminars on organizing civil society
the High Commissioner on National Minorities HCNM
prevention of conflicts that could result from state-minority relations through the use of «quite diplomacy»
the Representative on Freedom of the Media RFOM
observes relevant media developments in participating states and promotes full compliance with OSCE principles regarding freedom of the media
the Parliamentary Assembly
election monitoring
OSCE Human Dimension
OSCE institutions
Human Dimension mechanism
Vienna mechanism
Moscow mechanism
exchange of information
bilateral meetings
notification of all OSCE states
raising issues at certain OSCE meetings
mission of experts (consent needed)
mission of rapporteurs (no consent needed)
inter-state mechanisms
result - recommendations,
not binding decisions
Long-term missions
an officer responsible for the human dimension
OSCE field activities
OSCE missions
different mandate

max 6 months, then a decision about prolongation in the PC

consent of a target state needed
weekly reports to the participating states, OSCE institutions, NGOs
OSCE as a security organization
norm-setting
1) a platform for inter-state dialogue and a forum for agreeing upon common norms
2) monitoring of compliance with the norms
3) assistance in implementing OSCE commitments
"soft" security
unarmed experts
specialized in seminars, trainings, workshops
Cases of democracy promotion by the OSCE
Latvia. Success
Belarus. Failure
during the Soviet era - policy of Sovietization
non-Latvians - from 10% to 48%
after the independence in 1990 - policy of re-nationalization
1994 - citizenship law: all non-Latvians - stateless
OSCE mission to Latvia in cooperation with the HCNM
liberalizing the citizenship policies and in moving Latvia away from its originally exclusionist stand to more integrative policies
2001 - the mandate of the mission not prolonged
issue of Russian-speaking minority
issue of promoting democratic institutions
1998 - OSCE Advisory and Monitoring Group (AMG)
1) the rule of law, which depends on independent judiciary 2) a democratic state structure, separation of powers
3) democratic legitimacy for the legislature and the executive body
4) respect for citizens’ human rights
Strategies
1) development of democratic legislation
2) the development of civil society
3) a dialogue between the government and the opposition
OSCE recommendations implemented
OSCE recommendations ignored
OSCE/ODIHR critics of the 2001 presidential elections
2002 - closure of the AMG, opening of the OSCE Centre in Belarus
OSCE/ODIHR critics of the 2010 presidential elections
2010 - closure of the OSCE Centre in Belarus
The success of the OSCE in democracy-promotion depends on
state willingness
support of other international organizations (EU, NATO etc)
Challenges of the OSCE
consensus-based decision-making
lowest common denominator
states-violators
not binding character of decisions
no mechanism of sanctions
"east of Vienna" bias
inefficient towards new security threats
lack of hard power capabilities
overlapping with other ROs (EU, Council of Europe)
OSCE advantages
geographical reach
comprehensive security notion
valuable experts
field experience, good relations with local authorities
Keep in mind regarding the OSCE efficiency
norm-setting is a long-term process
cooperation with other IOs can be mutually reinforcing
Discussion
2) What effects would the transformation of the OSCE from an inter-governmental organization to a supranational one have ? Do you think the participating states would agree to grant the OSCE institutions more power?
1) Should the OSCE conduct democracy-promotion activities "west of Vienna"?
3) Efficient division of labor with other IOs: functional or regional?
reluctance of the states
critics of the ODIHR activities and the focus on human dimension
Відділ з питань верховенства права та прав людини Координатора проектів ОБСЄ в Україні впроваджує проекти, спрямовані на:
- зміцнення захисту прав людини
- покращення прозорості і відкритості стосунків між особою та державою
Серед них, зокрема проекти, які стосуються сфер адміністративного права, адміністративної юстиції, правничої освіти та правової просвіти.
Наші зусилля ініційовані нашими партнерами та спрямовані
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