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The EPIC of Gilgamesh
Transcript of The EPIC of Gilgamesh
-The author of the Epic of Gilgamesh was written by Sin-Leqi-Unninni, in a babylonian language called Akkadian, and it was written some time before 612 B.C The culture of this work are Summerian and Mesopotamian.
-This epic was a repertoire of Sumerian storytellers since the third millennium B.C and was soon after transformed into Akkadian language in the seventh century B.C
Literary Research: Gilgamesh-ian parallels in Greek literature
Gilgamesh rejects the goddess of love Ishtar in The Gilgamesh and Hippolytus rejects Aphrodite by abstaining from sexual pleasures to show his strength and true commitment to Artenis, the patron goddess of hunting.
With these rejections both the Greek Hippolytus and Mesopotamian Gilamesh will have to battle cosmic bulls sent to harm the characters.
The Epic of Gilgamesh serves a vital tool in learning about forms of incredibly old literature. In this case scholars have used Gilgamesh to show case how themes and motifs found in the Mesopotamian epic are carried and used in other works of literature from other cultures and stories.
The scholars know there is no way The Gilamesh authors and Greek authors could of known of one another in there respected times of existence, but it's striking to see such parallels as found in two works that were written times apart.
Abusch, Tzvi. "The development and meaning of the Epic of Gilgamesh: An interpretive essay. Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 121 No. 4 Oct.-Dec. 2001.
Fajardo-Acosta, Fidel. The epic of Gilgamesh, Analysis. Worls Literature Website. http://fajardo-acosta.com/worldlit/gilgamesh/
"Gilgamesh Epic". The Village Fox. http://romerica.com/myth/meso_gilgamesh.htm.2014. Feb. 16, 2014
Karahahsi, Fumi. Lopez-Ruiz, Carolina. "Love Rejected: Some Notes on the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh and the Greek Myth of Hippolytus. "Journal of Cuneiform Studies 58(2006)
Spark Notes: "Context". https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/gilgamesh/context.html.2013/feb. 16, 2014
The Norton Anthology of World Literature. The Epic of Gilgamesh. Translated Benhamin Foster. W.W. Norton & Company New YOrk. 2012. (pg 95-150)
The Epic of Gilgamesh
by: Melissa, J.R, Ashley, Jasmine and Angelo
-Gilgamesh was written in cuneiform and was transcribed into English from the Stone of Darius. --
-The Stone of Darius is a monument celebrating the Persian emperor's conquest in several languages of Middle Eastern origins.
-There is still 20% of the story is left unknown due to the inability to decipher.
-Gilgamesh is older than other classics such as Iliad or Odyssey
-It's unique because he is a real person
-It does not share the same stresses upon syllables or the early invocation of the muses.
-It does have elevated styles of literary composition.
-Gilgamesh is a king who reigned in the Mesopotamian city state called Uruk.
-The ruins of this city are believed to be in the southern part of Iraq, near the town of Warka.
-The tablets of text had been lost to history until the 1800s and there is still debate over the discovery of the tiles.
-As the story of the king spread throughout the Mesopotamian area it's persistence in Persian culture for over 1500 years led to some liberties in translations with various aspects of the epic having greater prominence than others.
-Scholars feel these renditions differ due ti social and cultural changes that occurred while this story was popular
-The epic of Gilgamesh explores three main elements
1. It battles with the issues of a philosophical conflict. Is he a king, god, man etc.
2. It embraces the powerful notion of man's will to succeed.
3. It combines the values of friendship, experience of loss & mortality of man.
Reading of The Gilgamesh
In this epic tale we meet Gilgamesh a man who is two-thirds man and one third mortal, and is the strongest of all men. When he abuses his power as king by tormenting the people of Uruk the gods intervene and create Enkidu, a creature equally as powerful.
Enkidu is then seduced by Shamhat, the temple prostitute. After several days of seducing Enkidu the prostitute takes him to Uruk where he fight Gilgamesh. The two then become friends and each other greatest companions
To achieve enternal glory Gilgamesh decides to go and fight Humbaba-the fearsome demon who guards the Cedar Forest and takes Enkidu with him. After returning home from killing the demon Ishtar asked Gilgamesh to mary her, but he refuses casusing Ishtar to unleash her fury by sending the bull of heaven.
After slaying the bull and the demon the gods become angry and decide either Enkidu or Gilgamesh must die. The gods chose Enkidu, who then becomes very ill and dies. Immersed with sorrow Gilgamesh leaves his city to find Utnapistism- an immortal flood hero.
He goes to Utnapistism hoping to find the answer to immortal life. Though Gilgamesh does not return home with what he set our for he gained a new perspective and a deeper love for Uruk, the place he calls home.