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EARLY ADULTHOOD 19-39
Transcript of EARLY ADULTHOOD 19-39
PHYSICAL, SLEEPING, MEDICAL
During this time, you no longer grow physically. You will be stronger, faster and have more muscle tissue, better eyesight and hearing and more lung capacity than middle age or older adults. By the age of 30, physical abilities often start to decline. Both men and women commonly experience weight gains during early adulthood.
Optimum Physical Functioning: Speed, strength, agility, and balance all reach their peak before the age of 30. Peak performance of this stage relates to skeletal maturity. Bones reach their full size and are at a higher calcium level than any other stage of life. You also have more muscle mass than at any other time throughout adulthood. During early adulthood, people see both the peak and the gradual decline of physical performance. Starting in the latter twenties, fat tissue increases while muscle strength decreases for both men and women.
Nutrition: being obese can increase the risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Your energy needs decrease during this stage so you need to reduce your calorie intake. Make nutrient-dense food choices and avoid foods high in cholesterol, sodium, and fat are important for optimum health.
Calcium, iron, potassium, zinc, vitamin D, and the B vitamins are nutrients that are often lacking during early adulthood. EAT Nutrient-Dense FOODS! When eating out, choose items that are low in fat, not fried and have less sugar and salt. Select smaller portions sizes and more fruits and vegetables.
Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans:
Adults participate in 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity per week. This can be divided up throughout the week.
Aerobic activities exercise larger muscles including walking, biking, and swimming.
Muscle strengthening activities help maintain a balanced weight and can also benefit the health of bones. Weight-lifting, push-ups, and sit-ups.
physical activity helps to maintain a healthy body weight, lower stress, and reduce the occurrence of anxiety and depression.
Sleeping: Adults need 7-9 hours. The body needs sleep to relax and revitalize in preparation for the next day
Insomnia may be experienced during early adulthood. This is the inability to fall asleep or to sleep more than a few hours. Some of the reasons could be stress, anxiety, depression, caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol, medications, medical conditions, change in work schedule or uncomfortable sleep environment.
Medical and Dental Care: Young adults have fewer chronic diseases than children. This does not mean they are healthier, but they are more immune due to past exposure. Annual health exams promote good health. Family medical history is also important to review with the doctor.
Annual dental exams can identify cavities, gingivitis, and gum disease. Catching these problems early can prevent the conditions from worsening and causing discomfort in the future. Remember to brush and floss after meals. Teeth cleaning should happen every 6 months.
Effects of Alcohol Abuse: Binge drinking is the heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time. This is common during the transitional years and can lead to alcoholism. Binge drinking can lead to dangerous levels of alcohol and can cause alcohol poisoning.
Effects of alcohol poisoning include low blood pressure, low body temperature, loss of control over the nervous system, loss of consciousness, trouble breathing, and possibly even death.
Alcohol is a toxin and impairs the body's ability to physcially and mentally function. It can cause kidney and liver damage, various types of cancers, heart and nerve problems, and death.
Alcoholism also affects personal relationships and work performance. There are resources available to help someone struggling with an addiction to alcohol. Support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous, can teach coping methods and healthful strategies. Hotlines, pamphlets, and the therapy sessions can also help an alcoholic.