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Chapter 19: The Kennedy and Johnson Years
Transcript of Chapter 19: The Kennedy and Johnson Years
The Kennedy and Johnson Years
Kennedy and the Cold War 1960 Election:
The election was between John Kennedy and Richard Nixon. Kennedy won a close election. * Fidel Castro –
He became the revolutionary Communist leader of Cuba, which is only 90 miles from the U.S. Flexible Response –
Kennedy’s military policy that stated the U.S. should be prepared to fight any type of military conflict. Peace Corps –
a program started by Kennedy which sent American youth to help 3rd world countries Bay of Pigs –
a failed U.S. attempt (CIA) to overthrow Castro by using a force of Cuban exiles
Kennedy took the blame for the botched invasion. Cuban Missile Crisis –
-a crisis that nearly led the U.S. and the Soviets to nuclear war
-The Soviet Union was installing nuclear missiles in Cuba pointed at the U.S.
-Kennedy blockaded any Soviet ship headed for Cuba.
-Khrushchev turned their ships around avoiding disaster.* Détente –
a term used to describe an attempt at peace between the Cold War super powers Hot Line –
a telephone system set up between the U.S. and Soviet Union to help increase communication Berlin Wall –
-In August of 1961, the Soviets constructed a wall that separated the city of Berlin.
-It became a symbol of the Cold War.
-It was constructed to stop East Germans from fleeing to West Germany. * Section 2:
Kennedy's New Frontier New Frontier –
JFK’s proposal to improve the economy, education, healthcare, space program and civil rights. * deficit spending –
the economic theory by Keynes which advocated deficit spending to stimulate the economy. space race –
the race to land on the moon November 22, 1963 –
The day that President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald –
The person who assassinated President Kennedy. Warren Commission –
A committee assembled by Chief Justice Warren to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy. Question(s) - What was the finding of the Warren Commission?
Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone. What person, group, or country might have benefitted from the assassination of JFK?
Soviet Union/KGB CIA
Castro/Cuban Communists LBJ
Latin America FBI
South Vietnam Mafia
White Supremacists Republicans
Military Industrial Complex Section 3: Johnson’s Great Society Great Society –
Johnson’s name for describing his domestic agenda in which all Americans would prosper.* Civil Rights Act of 1964 –
ended segregation in public places and discrimination in employment due to race and sex War on Poverty –
Johnson declared war on poverty and Congress passed a billion dollar bill to fight poverty. 1964 Election –
Johnson defeats Rep. Barry Goldwater to win election. Medicare –
provided basic health insurance for those over 65 years of age * Medicaid –
provided basic medical care for the poor and disabled Warren Court –
Liberal court led by Chief Justice Earl Warren. They enhanced civil liberties and ruled for separation of church and state.* Question: What did MLK mean when he said the war on poverty is being lost to the war in Vietnam?