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Transcript of Heroin
Heroin- n. noun
A white, odorless, bitter crystalline compound, C 17 H 17 NO(C 2 H 3 O 2 ) 2 , that is derived from morphine and is a highly addictive narcotic.
What is Heroin Made of?
By lucas Buckmeier and Garrett goforth
Heroin is a very popular drug of choice in
. Heroin is an opium drug and, as with any of the opium drugs, there is a severe physical/mental dependency that develops when Heroin is abused. Heroine is produced from the acetylation of morphine which is extracted from natural opium sources like
. As early as 3400 BC, the opium poppy flowers were grown and harvested in Mesopotamia. Various chemical and mechanical methods are used to make create the finished product which will have different appearances based on purity and will also have distinct names. Diacetylmorphine was initially synthesized by C. R. Alder Wright in 1874. Wright was a chemist in England, practicing at London's St. Mary's Hospital Medical School. One of his experiments involved mixing morphine and various acids. He discovered that boiling alkaloid anhydrous morphine in combination with an acetic anhydride for a number of hours, would generate a much more potent acetylated type of morphine, which is now known as diacetylmorphine.
There are several ways to get heroin into the user's bloodstream. Heroin drug can be
into a muscle, injected straight into a vein (called "mainlining"), smoked in a standard pipe or a water pipe, mixed with a cigarette or with a marijuana joint, inhaled as smoke using a straw (called "chasing the dragon"), or snorted as a powder through the nose.
Smack, H, Tar, Chiba or Chiva, Junk, Brown Sugar,
, Mud, Dragon, Dope
White, China White, White Nurse, White Lady, White Horse, White Girl, White Boy, White Stuff, Boy, He, Black,
, Black Pearl, Black Stuff, Black Eagle, Brown, Brown Crystal, Brown Tape, Brown Rhine, Mexican, Brown, Mexican Mud, Mexican Horse, Snow, Snowball, Scat, Sack, Skunk, Number 3, Number 4, Number 8
Street Names for Heroin
Forms of Heroin
Heroin is an
that is made from morphine, a naturally occurring substance taken from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Opioids, also known as “opiates,” are a class of drugs with powerful pain-relieving properties. Even centuries after their discovery, opioids are still the most effective pain relievers available to physicians for treating pain. Although heroin has no medicinal use, other opioids—such as morphine and codeine—are used to treat pain related to illnesses (e.g., cancer) and medical and dental procedures.
Heroin usually appears as white or brown powder or as a black, sticky substance called “
black tar heroin
Physical Effects of Heroin
Heroin produces a ‘rush’ minutes after taking it, leading to a feeling of
warmth and contentment
. In larger doses it can cause the user to feel drowsy and very relaxed. Heroin is also known to greatly reduce physical and psychological pain when taken. A central nervous system depressant, heroin actually slows down the brain functions, and in particular the control of breathing, which can slow down or even stop. At the same time blood pressure and body temperature drops and the heartbeat can become irregular.
Psychological Effects of Heroin
They may steal from family, friends, loved ones, or from a business in order to get more money for drugs. Eventually, there are only 3 main outcomes that heroin addiction can produce in the end: incarceration, mental hospitals, or death. These are the 3 main side effects that the chronic heroin abuser faces. The only escape a heroin addict has from these dire consequences is to seek treatment and abandon the drug completely.
Airways and lungs- No
, Shallow breathing, Slow and difficult breathing
Eyes, ears, nose, and throat- Dry mouth,
Extremely small pupils
, Tongue discoloration
and blood- Low blood pressure, Weak pulse
colored nails and lips
Stomach and intestines-
, Spasms of the stomach and intestinal tract
, Delirium, Disorientation, Drowsiness, muscle spasticity
Heroin attacks the central nervous system, causing a person’s breathing and heart rate to slow down to a point where it ultimately stops altogether. Sometimes people who overdose will
or slip into a coma or death without anyone even noticing, because it appears as if they’re experiencing a “normal” high. Other times, an overdose is more obvious. Since heroin overdose varies, you never know if you’ll have time to receive medical help or if you’ll slip into coma or death before help arrives. The other danger of heroin overdose is the long-term physical and mental effects an overdose can have your body. Brain damage can occur if the brain is deprived of oxygen for any length of time; infections or viruses can permanently stay in the blood or organs; and combining heroin with other drugs can bring about long-term psychosis and create fundamental changes in the brain.
Long-Term Use Effect
The effects on the body from continued use of this drug are very destructive. Frequent injections can cause collapsed veins and can lead to infections of the blood vessels and heart valves. Tuberculosis1 can result from the general poor condition of the body. Arthritis is another long-term result of heroin addiction.
The addict lifestyle—where heroin users often share their needles—leads to AIDS and other contagious infections. It is estimated that of the 35,000 new hepatitis C2 (liver disease) infections each year in the United States, over 70% are from drug users who use needles.
LONG-TERM EFFECTS INCLUDE
Inflammation of the gums
Weakening of the immune system
Respiratory (breathing) illnesses
Muscular weakness, partial paralysis
Reduced sexual capacity and long-term impotence in men
Menstrual disturbance in women
Inability to achieve orgasm (women and men)
Loss of memory and intellectual performance
Addictive Qualities of Heroin
Heroin is extremely addictive
. Heroin’s strong effects on the central nervous system cause it to be frequently abused, even though it’s only possible to obtain it as an illegal street drug. Although heroin overdoses occur as tolerance builds, snorting heroin or mixing alcohol with heroin and other central nervous system depressants often end up in overdose.
Heroin users suffer from the psychological effects of heroin, starting with rapidly shifting and prioritizing their life differently. You can imagine how this alters their relationships and how they spend their time. Thus the use of the drug can have a huge social impact on people as well.
The addict may find themselves hanging out with a crowd that they normally would not associate with. The effects of heroin on the brain is very pronounced. Those abusing heroin may quit their job and lose their residency and think very little of it while they are blinded by the effects of the drug. When money and their drug supply becomes a problem, the addict may also start to engage in illegal behavior in order to get more money that they normally would not be engaged in.