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Slum Tourism

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Ophelia Bird

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Slum Tourism

Slum Tourism
Example of a safe community that is practically integrated into the neighborhood
6,000 residents
Variety of social projects
Free wifi for residents
PPU of Santa Marta put in place in 2008
Effect on Community
A way to fight poverty
Train residents to become tour guides
Increase awareness
Favelas are safer with PPU
Current Issues
The nation will receive more than 600,000 foreign tourists
The city has an estimated 55,400 beds with rates continuing to increase
In Rio de Janeiro, more than 20% of the population live in slums known as ‘favelas’
Residents of favelas are renting rooms for visitors
Gangs and drugs are prominent within the slums
Gangs control the streets
Increased security
Pacifying certain slums
Government expects improvements in the macro and micro environment
Multiply effect
22.5 billion spent
112.8 billion expected
Indirect and induced effects
Tourism in Less Developed Countries
Developing countries are defined as countries which, according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest human development ratings of all countries in the world.

For one third of developing countries, Tourism is already the main income source. In more than fifty of the world’s developing countries, Tourism ranks either first, second or third largest of their economic sectors.
There has been a steady growth of 13% in tourist arrivals to Developed Countries in the period from 1998 to 2008.
Tourism expenditure, in the economically developed countries, has also experienced substantial growth: in 2001, tourists spent USD 177 billion. This figure rose to USD 205 billion by 2005 and to USD 295 billion by 2007.
Ashley, C. & Mitchell, J. (2012). Tourism and Poverty Reduction: Pathway to Prosperity. London: Overseas Department Institute (ODI).

BBC NEWS. 2013. Rio favela 'best monitored place on earth'. [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20992062 [Accessed: 27 Mar 2014].

Economic Impacts of the 2014 World Cup. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ey.com/.../Sustainable.../$FILE/copa_2014.pdf. [Accessed 23 March 14].
Galdos, G. 2014. Inside Rio's drug gangs as they prepare drugs for World Cup. [online] Available at: http://www.channel4.com/news/rio-world-cup-brazil-favelas-crime-gang-drug-war-tourists [Accessed: 27 Mar 2014].

International Labour Office (2008). Reducing Poverty through tourism. Geneva: International Labour Office (ILO).

International Labour Office (2013). Poverty Reduction Through Tourism. Geneva: International Labour Office (ILO)

Romero, S. 2013. Log In - The New York Times. [online] Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/22/world/americas/now-taking-world-cup-bookings-rios-slums.html?_r=0 [Accessed: 27 Mar 2014].

Soulbrasileiro.com. 2014. Santa Marta | SoulBrasileiro. [online] Available at: http://soulbrasileiro.com/main/rio-de-janeiro/favelas/santa-marta/santa-marta/ [Accessed: 27 Mar 2014].

Stillman, A. 2010. Rio seeks to boost favela tourism. [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-11568243 [Accessed: 23rd Mar 2014].

Tourismconcern.org.uk. 2014. Tourism Concern - Slum/Poverty/Favela Tourism. [online] Available at: http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/slum-tourism.html. [Accessed: 27 Mar 2014].

United Nations (2003). Poverty Alleviation Through Sustainable Tourism Development. New York: United Nations Publications.

Santa Marta
Exploits the locals
Majority of money goes to tour guides, not the community
Lack of privacy
Ophelia Bird, Angie Valitoni, Bianca Wagenknecht, Nadina Bodean and Maysa Al Kindi
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