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Ch. 14 Empires and Encounters

Ways of the World by Robert Strayer - Ch. 14
by

Wendy Wawrzyniak

on 20 February 2012

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Transcript of Ch. 14 Empires and Encounters

Empires & Encounters
Reflections
Thank you for your attention!
they were wholly new in human history
AND
they had a larger impact on the people they "incorporated
And one more thing...
Why do W. European empires get more space??
How did this chapter counteract a Eurocentric view of the early modern world?
What enabled Europeans to carve out huge empires an ocean away from their homelands?
How did the Russian empire transform the life of it's conquered people & of the Russian homeland itself?
CHINA!
What were the major features of Chinese empire building in the early modern era?
European Empires in the
Americas
Russian Empire
Asian Empires
European Advantages:
geography
need
marginality
rivalry
wealth/status
religion
mobilization
rivalries (pt. 2)
The Great Dying!
The Columbian Exchange

Comparing N. and S. America!
Mercantilism- theory that government should encourage exports and accumulate bullion to serve their countries
colonies should provide
closed markets for the
mother country's mfg
goods
fueled European wars
and colonial rivalries
around the world!
What was the economic foundation
of colonial rule in Mexico & Peru?
How did it shape the kinds of
societies that arose there?
How did the plantation
societies of Brazil and the
Caribbean differ from those
of southern colonies in
British North America?
rise of Spanish influence
mestizos
abuse!
sugar
slaves
attitudes about race!
...why?
Racial Mixing in Colonial Mexico
This eighteenth-century painting by the famous Zapotec artist Miguel Cabrera shows a Spanish man, a mestiza woman, and their child, who was labeled as castiza. By the twentieth century, such mixed-race people represented the majority of the population of Mexico, and cultural blending had become a central feature of the country’s identity. (Scala/Art Resource, NY)
Racial Mixing in Colonial Mexico
This eighteenth-century painting by the famous Zapotec artist Miguel Cabrera shows a Spanish man, a mestiza woman, and their child, who was labeled as castiza. By the twentieth century, such mixed-race people represented the majority of the population of Mexico, and cultural blending had become a central feature of the country’s identity. (Scala/Art Resource, NY)
MUGHAL!
How did Mughal attitudes and policies toward Hindus change from the time of Akbar and that of Aurangzeb?
OTTOMANS!
In what ways was the Ottoman
Empire important for Europe in
the early modern era?
At its high point in the mid-sixteenth century, the Ottoman Empire encompassed a vast diversity of peoples; straddled Europe, Africa, and Asia; and battled both the Austrian and Safavid empires.
mulatto
creole
peninsulare
Full transcript