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Copy of Drama

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mashael ibrahim

on 25 September 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Drama

So, what does Drama mean ?
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance
Ancient Greek Drama
Roman Drama
240 BC
Medieval Drama
5th C- 14th C
Renassance Drama
15th C
Types of Drama:

Mixed form.
“A tragedy, then, is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable acces­sories, each kind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with in­cidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.”
"the aim of a comedy drama is to underscore human follies and foolishness in a hilarious way"
"humorous but with serious content."
Whats the different between drama and other genre of literature ?
Ancient Greece
1. Audience.
2. Performers.
3. What is performed.
4. Performance.

Plato Vs. Aristotle
Four Qualities of Greek Drama
Performed for special occasions
Competitive -- prizes awarded.
Closely associated with religion.
Capital: Athens
Athens had four festivals worshiping Dionysus ;god of wine, fertility, rebirth.
The Greek Tragedy:
Late point of attack
Violence and death offstage (Decorum).
Frequent use of messengers to relate information.
Unity of time, place and action.
Stories based on myth or history, but varied interpretations of events
Functions of the chorus:
an agent: gives advice, asks.
provides background.
reacts as playwright hopes audience would.
sets mood and heightens dramatic effects.
rhythmical function - pauses / paces the action so that the audience can reflect.
divide acts.
The tragic hero according to Aristotle:
good and great man.
has a tragic flaw.
this tragic flaw is psychological.
this tragic flaw leads to his downfall.
evokes catharsis in the audience.
Roman Empire
Roman Drama:
the difference between Greek drama and Roman drama:
No masks.
Had women.
Violence and sex depicted literally (Heliogabalus, ruled 218-222 A.D., ordered realistic sex)
Scoffed at Christianity.
less religion.
Trifles by Susan Glaspell
Drama > action OR to do
Generic division between comedy and tragedy
Plato's Republic VS. Aristotle's Poetics
Structure of Greek Tragedy:

Late point of attack
Violence and death offstage (Sophocles's Ajax is an exception)
Frequent use of messengers to relate information
Unity of time, space, and action.
Stories based on myth or history, but varied interpretations of events
Focus is on psychological and ethical attributes of characters, rather than physical and sociological
Tragic hero
Four Qualities of Greek Drama:
1. Performed for special occasions (festivals)
Athens had four festivals worshipping Dionysus -- (Bacchus in
Latin, Roman) god of wine, fertility, rebirth
The son of Zeus [a god] and Semele [a mortal], reared by satyrs, killed, dismembered, and resurrected (was actually reborn) --

2.Competitive -- prizes awarded
Actors and playwrights competed --Oedipus apparently didn't win (was 2nd) -- 430 B.C.

3. Choral -- singing seems to have been an important part
a chorus of men (varied in size form 3 to 50) -- many think the choral song -- dithyramb-- was the beginnings of Greek drama (but origins are unclear)

4. Closely associated with religion - stories based on myth or history
Full transcript