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Chapter 7: Gordon Allport and Individuals

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Melquisedec Maristela

on 14 August 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 7: Gordon Allport and Individuals

Allport proposed a biophysical conception of traits as neurophysic structures
Allport describe and classified over fifty definitions of personality before he developed his own in 1937.
PERSONALITY is the dynamic (moving and changing) organization(structured) within the individual of those psychophysical (involving both mind and body) that determine (structured by the past and predisposing of the future) his characteristics (unique for individual) behavior and thought.
Allport distinguished among continuity and discontinuity theories of personality and argued for a discontinuity theory.
The Nature Of Personality
Traits
Continuity Theories
Discontinuity Theories
He emphasized that traits are a bonafide structures within a person that influence behavior.
He defines traits as a determining tendency or predisposition to respond to the world in certain.
It is consistent and enduring
It may be consider ultimate reality of psychological organization.

Wednesday, August 27, 2013
Gordon Allport (1897-1967)
Biographical Background
Is like a trait, general determining characteristics, but it is unique to the individual who has it. Its concept is to requires new methodologies that permit the unique individuality of the person to emerge.
Personal Disposition
• Born in 1897 in Indiana and grew up near Cleveland, Ohio.
• Wrote little about his childhood; he indicated that he spent much of it alone.
• After he graduated from high school, his brother Floyd, who also became a distinguished psychologist, encouraged him to apply to Harvard, where Floyd has gone.
• As an undergraduate, Allport concentrated on both psychology and social ethics and in his spared timed engaged in social service activities.
• His dissertation, "An Experimental Study of the Traits of Personality", was also the first American study on personality traits.
• Died in 1967, one month before his 70 th birthday.

Cardinal Dispositions
- if a personal disposition is so pervasive that almost every behavior of the individual appears to be influenced by it.
Chapter 7: Gordon Allport and Individuals
Reported by: Melquisedec C. Maristela, Roider D. Ardina, Joshua Ryan Guyamin
Suggest that the development of personality is essentially the accumulation of skill, habits and discrimination without anything really new appearing in the person's makeup.
Changes are merely quantitative relative to the amounts of outputs.
Such continuity theories are closed systems.
Suggest that in the course of development an organism experience genuine transformation or changes and consequently reaches successively higher levels of organization. It is a qualitative.
Suggest at a times, during its development the organism reorganizes, regroups, and reshapes these inputs so that the structures of personality changes radically.
View person as open and active in consolidating and integrating experience.
Common Traits
It is hypothetical construct that permits us to compare individuals within a given culture.
Central Dispositions
- highly characteristics tendencies of an individual. Provide adjective or phrases a person might use in describing the essential characteristics of another individual.

Secondary Dispositions
- are more specific, focused tendencies that are often situational in character and less crucial to the personality.
to be continued ..
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