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Costa Rica Presentation
Transcript of Costa Rica Presentation
San José Joe Connolly
el 13 de mayo
Spanish E Climate and Landscape -Generally warm climate
-At high elevations, like the mountains, it is cooler
-A lot of rainfall each year
-Coastal areas: can get more than 120 inches a year
-Central areas:still gets 80 inches a year
-50% of the land is rainforest
White sand beaches on the coasts History -Discovered by Christopher columbus in 1502
-Lack of gold and resources brought few colonists
-Spanish colony until September 15, 1821
-Joined the United Provinces of Central America (1821)
-1838- Costa Rica becomes independent republic
-Current president- Laura Chinchilla Population -Population: 4,695,942 (2013)
-75% are of Spanish descent
-Most a mix of native and Spanish called Mestizo
-Official language of population is Spanish Religion -80% are Roman Catholic
-Practices ancient religion based on nature
-10 religious holidays are recognized Culture/Traditions Quinceañera -Celebration of a girl coming to womanhood
-Celebrated when a girl reaches age 15
-Ceremonies during Quinceañera
-Change flat shoe to high heeled shoe
-Traditional father-daughter dance Culture/Traditions Religious holidays Traditional Christmas Dinner Living Procession -Get together for tamales
-Many family members involved
-Recipe passed down from generation to generation -During holy week of Easter
-Parade that brings Bible characters to life
-Mary puts oil on Jesus statue's shoes
-Veronica wipes Jesus statue's face
-Girls dressed as angels ride on a float with a bare cross Culture/Traditions -Described as "pura vida"
-Pura vida- pure life
-Used to describe laidback lifestyle, and assure happiness
-Used to greet people, say goodbye, and answer questions -Soccer is big part of life
-Children often play on streets
-Parades occur when sports teams gain international attention Culture/Traditions Independence Day -Celebrated on September 15
-Day Costa Rica gained independence from Spain
-President and high ranking officials give speeches
-Parades and dancing in the streets
-Night before torch representing liberty is light in Cartago Music Reggaeton -Began in Jamaica
-About being denied by white people
-About struggle of poverty
-Uses skengay to simulate gunshots
-Popular artists include:
-Bob Marley- (Jamaica) "I Shot the Sheriff" and "Rat Race"
-Jimmy Cliff- (Jamaica) "The Harder They Come" and "Many Rivers to Cross"
-Generally listened to by teenagers
-Used in ad campaigns and played on streets of San José Music Calypso -Originated in Trinidad and Tobago
-Slaves used it to communicate and tell stories
-Slaves would walk streets with singing popular leader
-Sang about hated political leaders
-Accompanied by shak-shaks, guitars, cuatros, and tamboo-bamboos
-Popular artists include:
-Walter Ferguson- (Panam) "Babylon" and "Maga Dog"
-Fitzgerald Henry- (Trinidad) "What Is a Disco" and "Sweet Trinidad" Dance Merengue -Origin: Dominican Republic
-Partners hold each other close
-Move in circles
-Move at pace of song Salsa -Origin: Cuba
-Usually done with a partner
-Very fast pace Cumbia -Origin: African slaves in Colombia and Panam
-Danced with a partner
-Step back and pivot, then bring feet together
-Move arms in small circles Food -Major exports: Bananas, coffee, beef, and sugar Tamales -Originally from Mexico
-Corn based dough
-Filled with meat, fish, cheese, vegetables, etc.
-Wrapped in leaf wrapper Empanadas -Originally from Portugal
-Baked or fried bread
-Filled with meat, vegetables, fruit, or cheese Gallo Pinto -Originally from Costa RIca
-Rice and bean dish
-Can have more rice or more beans Navideno -Like a fruitcake
-Bread with dried fruit in it
-Soaked in rum for days
-Cooked and alcohol burns off
-Eaten around Christmas Attractions Guayabo National Park -In Turrialba, Costa Rica
-Only Pre-Columbian site to be preserved
-In the rainforests
-Has artifacts dating back to 3,000 years ago
-Trails and bridges lead to old homes
-Petroglyphs are found
Tortuguero National Park -Protected rainforest
-Tourists sail down rivers
-Full of exotic land and aquatic animals
-Hiking trails and protected beaches Carara National Park -Rainforest full of aminals
-Anteaters, toucans, sloths, wild pigs, and white faced monkeys
-Home to 450 Scarlet Macaws
-Home to 2,000 American Crocodiles Attractions The Gold Museum -Location: San José
-Underneath Plaza of Culture
-Houses golden artifacts made by natives The Fidel Tristan Jade Museum -Location: San José
-Holds assortments of jade
-Largest collection of jade in Americas National Museum -Located in an old fort
-Art from Pre- Columbian era
-Largest collection of Pre- Columbian art Attractions Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Los Angeles -Location: Cartago
-Built in 1639
-Houses small statue of Virgin Mary holding Jesus
-Legend says peasant girl found it
-She brought it home, but it returned to place where she found it next morning
-Brought it to priest, who locked it in a box
- Next morning it was back at rock where she found it
-During construction of Basílica, workers built over rock where it was found Compare/Contrast Similarities -Both celebrate Christmas
-Quinceñera is similar to sweet sixteen
-Museums that show history
-City life is similar
-Both celebrate Independence Day Differences -Most of Costa Rican land is protected forests
-Climate is much warmer in Costa Rica
-Costa Rican food is generally spicier
-Music is influenced by Spain more in Costa Rica
-Cultures are influenced by different backgrounds Works Cited Basílica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles. 2013. Photograph. Wikipedia, the Free EncyclopediaWeb. 12 May
Best Tourism. N.d. Photograph. Salsa and merengue in Dominican RepublicWeb. 12 May 2013.
"Bob Marley." 2013. Photograph. Dancehall USAWeb. 12 May 2013.
Caldwell, Matt. Jungle, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Digital image. 123RF. N.p., Jan. 2008. Web. 22
“calypso.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica
Inc., 2013. Web. 04 May. 2013.
Costa Rica Day Five: Carara National Park. 2011. Photograph. Circling the Smiling PondWeb. 12 May 2013.
"Costa Rica." FactCite: Essential Information, 44th Edition. Lincoln Lib. P, 2012. Web. 2 May
"Costa Rica: Food and Holidays." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-
CLIO, 2013. Web. 4 May 2013.
Costa Rica National Museum Library is Now Online!. 2012. Photograph. The Costa Rican TimesWeb. 12 May
Costa Rica. N.p., 5 Apr 2013. Web. 8 May 2013."Costa Rican Music." Costa Rica. N.p., 03 Apr
2012. Web. 4 May 2013.
"Downtown San Jose, Costa Rica." Image. Photo by Meg Mitchell. World Geography:
Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.
"Empanada." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., 1 May 2013. Web. 5 May 2013.
Fernanda, Santos. "Wrapped in Tradition." 2012. Photograph. The New York Times, New York. Web. 12 May
Fidel Tristan Jade Museum, San Jose. N.d. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 12 May 2013.
Flag of Costa Rica. Digital image. Maps of World. N.p., 4 Oct. 2012. Web. 22 Apr. 2013.
"Fun Facts." Costa Rica. N.p., 3 Jun 2012. Web. 12 May 2013.
"Gallo Pinto." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., 29 Feb 2012. Web. 5 May 2013.
Howard, Cassie. "Costa Rica: People." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-
CLIO, 2013. Web. 4 May 2013.
Howard, Cassie. "Costa Rica: Traditions & Etiquette." World Geography: Understanding a
Changing World. ABC-CLIO,2013. Web. 2 May 2013.
"I See the Cross." 2012. Photograph. Fanpop, San Francisco. Web. 12 May 2013.
James, Sarah. Spotlight: Cumbia Dance. 2013. Photograph. Hey KikiWeb. 12 May 2013.
"Jimmy Cliff Wins Grammy Award For Best Reggae Album." 2013. Photograph. Anancy
Magazine. Web. 12 May 2013.
Laura Chinchilla. 2013. Photograph. Wikipedia, the Free EncyclopediaWeb. 12 May 2013.
Map of Costa Rica. Digital image. Travel.State.Gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.
"Mister You Brave To Be Bringin' Your Girlfriend On Top Me Grave: Vintage Trinidadian Calypso." 2002.
Photograph. Art of the MixWeb. 12 May 2013.
Nicholas, Gill. "Walter Ferguson: Dr. Bombodee." 2009. Photograph. New World Review. Web. 12 May 2013.
"Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Basilica)." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., 18 Apr 2013.
Web. 8 May 2013.
Nuestro Pack navideño se va a Murcia. 2013. Photograph. Empanada GurméWeb. 12 May 2013.
Photos of Guayabo National Park and Monument, Turrialba. 2006. Photograph. Trip AdvisorWeb. 12 May
"PLAYA FLAMINGO & PLAYA POTRERO HOMES." 2004. Photograph. Coastal Estates: Playa
tamarindo, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Web. 12 May 2013.
"Quinceñera." 2010. Photograph. David Royal Photography. Web. 12 May 2013.
“reggae.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica
Inc., 2013. Web. 04 May. 2013.
Rob, Stapleton. "Quincñera." 2007. Photograph. Alaskafoto , Anchorage. Web. 12 May 2013.
“tamale.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopedia
Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 5 May. 2013.
"Ticos Pura Vida." 2009. Photograph. Twitter. Web. 12 May 2013.
Tortuguero National Park. 2010. Photograph. Travel Costa Rica NowWeb. 12 May 2013.
U.S. vs. Costa Rica slated for September." 2011. Photograph. Red, White and Blue ArmyWeb. 12
Fun Facts -The name Costa Rica translates to "Rich Coast" in English.
-Costa Rica's soccer team has qualified for the World Cup three times.
-The Flag has a special meaning.
-White- peace and honesty
-Red- strength bravery
-Blue- truth, loyalty, and perserverance
-Costa Rican natives call themselves Ticos(as).
-There are 800 miles of coastline in Costa Rica.
-At 12,500 feet, Chirippo Mountain is the highest point in Costa Rica.
-There are more than 121 volcanos in Costa Rica, seven of which are active.