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En340 Chapters 2-3 The Ten Sentence Patterns

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by

Kevin Griffith

on 11 July 2016

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Transcript of En340 Chapters 2-3 The Ten Sentence Patterns

The TEN SENTENCE PATTERNS
II. NOUN. Be. ADj.
Subject + Be + Sub. Complement

Bob is sick.

The Cat is green.
III. Noun+Be+NOUn or NP2
Subject+BE+Subject Complement

Bob is a man.

The Cat is the monster.
Be Verbs

is, are, was, were, be,
being, been, am
LINKING VERBS

seems
feels
became
sounds
tastes
appears
IV. Noun+LV+Adj.
Sub+LV+Sub. Complement



Bob became sick.

The cat sounds excited.
V. Noun+LV+NP2
Sub+LV+Subject Complement

Bob became a man.
VI Noun + INTransitive VERB

SUB + INtransitive Verb (predicate}

Bob Swims.

BoB Cries in the house.
ALL ADVTPS ARE OPTIONAL!!!

In the morning, Bob cries in the house on Acton Rd. near the Park of Roses in Clintonville.

THAT'S STILL A PATTERN SIX!
VII Noun+Transitive Verb+ Noun 2
Subject+Transitive Verb+Direct Object

Bob kicks the ball.
The cat eats food.
PATTERN 7 is the most
common pattern in English.
What's the difference between a transitive and intransitive verb?

Transitive--takes an object
Intransitive--doesn't


Intransitive verb is always followed by

nothing
advtp
adverb
Transitive is followed by

a noun
a pronoun
a noun phrase
A. The baby kicks her mother.

B. The baby kicks inside her mother's stomach.
Pattern VIII

Noun + transitive verb+ Np2 +np3

Subject verb indirect object direct object

Bob gives Cindy a big Hug.

The cat leaves Bob a stinky present.
Pattern IX
Noun + Trans. Verb + NP2+Adj
Sub + Verb+D.O+Object Complement

Bob paints the house blue.

Pattern X
Noun + Trans. Verb + NP2+NP3
Sub + Verb+D.O+Object Complement(noun)

We consider Bob a loser.
Phrasal verbs

Bob threw up his lunch.

Never put a comma
between required sentence
slots.

The really big painting at the museum, is great. NO!

AMBIGUITY

ROSA CALLED HER BABY.

WHAT TWO PATTERNS COULD IT BE?

what would the pattern of these sentences be?

Stop.


Kick the pumpkin!
Pattern 1

Form=Noun or noun phrase + be verb + adverbial of time or place

Function=Sub+be verb+prep or prepositional phrase

Bob is outside.

The angry cat is in the house.


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