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University Leadership of Community Engagement
Transcript of University Leadership of Community Engagement
Bolman and Deal (2008) - four frames
New positions, professional development
Practices to Advance Community Engagement (CE)
(1) Efforts to institutionalizing of CE include:
prioritize CE in vision and mission statements
establish CE as a component in student graduation requirement
add CE in faculty manual as criteria for promotion and tenure
include CE in institutional budget
create new positions, units (offices, centers)
emphasize CE in faculty hiring process
highlight CE in institution's recruitment/marketing strategies
(3) Generally, institutions enjoy pervasive efforts but prefer centralized coordination and advancement for reason of agenda-setting, resource efficiency and unit benefits.
There is a tendency for institutions with decentralized infrastructures to establish a centralized entity responsible for coordinating CE.
(4) Comprehensive institutions such as state universities tend to have a hybrid infrastructure for CE coordination.
(5) Comparing 2008 data, more institutions in 2010 data have their CE coordinating infrastructures centralized along the divisions (Academic Affairs, Student Affairs, and the office of public or government relations or institutional advancement).
as indicated by that the number of institutions with a quasi-centralized coordinative infrastructure almost tripled (from 7 to 18)
(2) The executive leadership explicitly promote CE through recognition
establishment of awards for individuals who are committed to CE
public elevation of center directors as representative of the institution
These strategies send a clear message about the importance of CE to the audience within the institution and the community.
Distributed leadership is...?
It highlights the mechanism through which diverse individuals contribute to the process of leadership in shaping collective action.
Two principles underpinning the concept of distributed leadership:
1. a shared influence process to which several individuals contribute
2. arises from the interaction of diverse individuals which together form a group or network in which essential expertise is a dispersed quality
- van Ameijde et al. 2009
Distributed leadership of WHAT?
(1) roles - "how are the formal roles and responsibilities distributed?"
(2) task performance - "who actually doing the leadership work?"
(3) influence - "who has actually had an impact on others?"
- Robinson, 2009
Leadership Matters !
as a process
leadership occurring in group contexts
leadership-involved goal attainment
- Northhouse, 2007
Research Purpose and Questions:
To better understand the intentional leadership of institutions leading the engagement movement, here defined as those institutions receiving the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (CFAT) "community engaged" classification in the 2008 and 2010 cycles.
Major Research Questions:
who are the leaders?
what are their strategies of leading and institutionalizing engagement?
- 224 successful Carnegie applications: 111 (2008) & 113 (2010)
- The application questions that were analyzed:
IA. 5 Does the executive leadership of the institution ... explicitly promote community engagement as a priority?
IB. 1 Does the institution have a campus-wide coordinating infrastructure to support and advance community engagement?
IB. 4 Is community engagement defined and planned for the strategic plans of the institution?
Leaders of Community Engagement
Senior campus leaders
Distributed-coordinated vs. Distributed-fragmented
Scholarship in Action
The Board mandated that every XYZ student will complete a minimum of one designated service-learning course in order to be eligible for graduation, so courses are evaluated for the SL content before being approved and earmarked as SL courses.
The executive leadership at XXX College has succeeded in assessing faculty work in a manner consistent with its institutional values and commitments. That is why service provides the conceptual framework for its promotion in rank guidelines and for the annual assessment of faculty work.
President TTT prioritizes ... collaborates with ... award. This award is given throughout the school year to faculty and staff that are living the Westminster mission by living lives of “success, significance, and service”.
The President recognizes graduating students at Commencement who have completed 350 or more hours of community service or volunteer work, and these students are acknowledged by an asterisk placed next to their name in the commencement program.
As a result of the self-study process leading to this application, the Chancellor appointed a Community Engagement Council (CEC) ... to provide needed campus-level coordination of community engagement at ABC. Our broad community agenda had produced many fine programs along many dimensions, but we lacked campus-level coordination.
For the president and provost (and increasingly, for the deans), creating a campus-wide infrastructure to strengthen community engagement is a top priority.... In 2009, the president replaced this team with a permanent Outreach and Engagement Council. The OEC is now chaired by the Coordinator and includes representatives from all colleges, regional centers, ... Extension, and other units. In the next year, we will create a university-wide office or center to be directed by the coordinator.
Centralized - refers to an infrastructure with one predominant entity responsible for campus-wide coordination of community engagement, including but not limited to service learning, applied research, volunteerism, and partnerships.
Quasi-centralized - refers to two or three parallel entities that align with the three divisions: academic affairs, public or government relations or institutional advancement. Each entity is a centralized body which coordinates engagement within the respective division.
The diffused infrastructure has no central entity for coordinating community engagement. However, the extent to which the infrastructure is diffused varies. (1) A network comprises closely connected entities which communicate and collaborate closely. (2) A satellite system is an infrastructure where a number of offices and/or centers, each coordinating a specific aspect of community engagement and reporting to separate leadership, with no obvious or limited collaboration with each other.
Hybrid - self-explanatorily, it is an infrastructure combines centralized and diffused characteristics.
“Community service” or “outreach” is explicitly stated in 40% of mission statements for both academic and service departmental units. “Community Engagement” is one of four themes in the Road Map to 2015 vision.
Engagement is woven into the fabric of EFG’s culture and identity, exemplified by its mission.... In striving to achieve this vision, campus and college missions echo this commitment, as does our extensive Outreach division.
The commitment to engagement addressed in the University’s Mission and Vision statements is reflected in the mission statements from divisions and academic department, professional schools, programs, and centers throughout the University.