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US: a Superpower
Transcript of US: a Superpower
During the Cold War: Became a superpower through the Space Race and the Arms Race, trading weapons. Rise of the US Military As the "World's Police" the United States Army has intervened in many military conflicts around the world. Foreign Interventions Oil (2010): 25.2 billion barrels (China, 20.2 bil. barrels)
Natural Gas (2010): 317 trillion cubic feet
Oil Shale: 2.174 trillion barrels
Gold (2006): 252 tonnes (China, 245 tonnes; Russia, 159 tonnes) Reserves at 2,700 tonnes, whilst China at 1,200 tonnes. Resources US is a free market economy
The economy makes up 30% of the world's economy
World's largest importer: imports worth $2.3 trillion (China at $1.7 trillion)
4/10 of the World's richest companies are from the US (Combined revenue of US$1.43 trillion)
World's largest stock exchange (NYSE) with listed companies at US$14.2 trillion, and average daily trading value at around US$153 billion. (China has 2 stock exchanges, Shanghai Stock Exchange, with US$2.3 trillion, and Shenzhen Stock Exchange, at US$1 trillion. Economic In terms of global trade, the majority of major economies in the world are heavily interconnected and dependent on the USA for imports.
Trade between the US and other countries (Exports:Imports (Trade Balance), figures in billions)
MDCs: Canada - 280.9:316.5 (-35.7)
Japan - 66.2:128.8 (-62.6)
South Korea - 43.5:56.6 (-13.1)
France - 27.8:40 (-12.2)
Germany - 49.1:98.4 (-49.3)
Saudi Arabia - 13.8:47.5 (-33.7)
LDCs: China - 103.9:399.3 (-295.4)
Mexico - 197.5:263.1 (-65.6)
Venezuela - 12.4:43.3 (-30.9) Trade Cultural http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_military_bases Edexcel A2 Geography textbook
US Census Bureau
Wikipedia: List of World's richest companies The United States has the largest military expenditure of the world 700 Billion USD (43% of the of the World's Military Expenditure).
It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and New York City hosts the United Nations Headquarters.
In 2010 1,430,895 personnel were on active duty.
Founding member of NATO.
The US military operates 865 bases and facilities abroad.
Has 11 active aircraft carriers. US Energy Information Administration
PennWell Corporation, Oil & Gas Journal, Vol. 105.48
US Dept. of the Interior Bureau of Land Management
USGS: Minerals http://www.defense.gov/ http://www.usmilitary.com/ The US has bases in the Middle East, Japan, South Korea and the Philippines, essentially bordering China and Russia.
It also has jurisdiction in many countries places around the world. Geographical Influence Such armed-interventions include:
The Korean War (1950-1953
The Vietnam War (1955)
Iranian Revolution (1979)
Operation Desert Storm (Gulf War 1990-1991)
Operation Uphold Democracy (1994-1995) Political Influences The United States holds great political influence on other countries due to trade and military power.
The US is also known for advocating democracy
As mentioned in the previous slide/circle thing the United States has intervened in China's desire to take Taiwan's independence and reunite it with the mainland. Wikipedia
The World Factbook A more recent intervention is the US' defense of Taiwan against China. The main reason for this intervention is to prevent China's ruling Communist Party to unite Taiwan with the mainland. After the Second World War the US suppressed and stripped the Japanese Emperor of his power and implementing democracy. US culture is hard to ignore in today's world. Almost every country in the world is in some way influenced by it. Some notable examples are:
Glocalisation - Fast food chains such as McDonald's have adapted their global products to fit markets of foreign countries in order to meet regional tastes
Television - Shows such as American Idol have influenced countries around the globe to mimic shows as attempts to replicate the success the US has received
Hollywood - Led to India's spinoff "Bollywood", now the biggest annual producer of films
Music - Artists like Bob Dylan and Hip Hop groups like Run DMC ushered in a new era of music, spreading controversy as well as style across the globe, leading to musical groups such as Girls Generation