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How Enlightenment Ideas Influenced the French Revolution
Transcript of How Enlightenment Ideas Influenced the French Revolution
the French Revolution By: Mason Cox, Zachary Isaacs, Preston Rowe, and Zachary Smiley. Natural Rights Developed by John Locke and expressed in his book "Two Treatises on Government." The natural rights are life, liberty, and property. Locke's natural rights were the foundation for the primary document of the French Revolution, "the Declaration of the Rights of Man." Enlightenment Ideas Important concepts of French Philosophes. Reason: Philosphes believed that truth could be discovered through reason and logical thinking. Nature: To the philosophes, all that is natural is considered to be good and reasonable. Happiness: The enlightenment thinkers believed that if you lived by nature's laws you would find happiness. Progress: Philosophes believed that with a scientific approach society and mankind could be perfected. Liberty: Through reason society could be set free. Individual Freedom Developed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Individual Freedom, much like Locke's natural rights, revolve around the rights of the people. The Estates' Reactions Enlightenment Thinkers First Estate Third Estate Second Estate John Locke Baron De Montesquieu Jean-Jacques Rousseau This which made up about 98 present. This was made up of three separate groups. The first group was called the bourgeoisie they were the merchants and artisans. They were had just as much money as the second and the first estate . They were was well were well-educated. Bibliography http://faculty.frostburg.edu/mbradley/psyography/John_Locke.jpg http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/theenlightenmen1/tp/enlightenmentthinkers.htm http://suite101.com/article/the-influence-of-the-enlightenment-on-the-french-revolution-a371333 This document stated that the role of the government was to protect the natural rights of the citizens. The idea of natural rights also was the foundation for the declaration of independence. One government that represents individual freedom is a republic. The idea of a republic was one of the main concepts during the french revolution and in the end, France did become a Republic. Rousseau wanted an incorruptible government where the citizens controlled their own freedoms. http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&tbm=isch&tbnid=N1uZc4pFwEblKM:&imgrefurl= http://jspivey.wikispaces.com/file/view/rev3.jpg/97491216/rev3.jpg&w=354&h=259&ei=rAK4UPOFD6N0QGbjoHABw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=366&sig=111723619163706955956&page=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=196&start=0&ndsp=45&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:90&tx=44&ty=33&biw=1680&bih=946 http://jspivey.wikispaces.com/Purpose%2Bof%2Bthe%2BThree%2BEstates%2BJHK&docid=75GcyoZQQf-19M&imgurl= http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-rous.htm The first estate was mad up of the Roman Catholic Church "the clergy." They owned about 10 percent of the land in France. they helped the poor and contributed about 2 percent of its income to the government. The high bishops in the church were put there by the government so they sided with the government. The lower level of the church like the priests were forced to side with government but a lot ran away into hiding. The lower level priests ran away so they did not have to side with government is because they were the ones who were feeding the peasants and giving them shelter. The clergy members that side with government what to end the revaluation while the members that went into hiding sided with the revaluation. The second estate was made up of the rich nobles. They made up about 2 present off the land. They owned 20 percent of the land from which there wealth comes from. They almost paid no taxes. They had everything handed to them on a silver platter. They eat lavish diners while the the third estate has to pay a whole month"s wage just for some bread. they did not care about what the third estate was going through. They did not like the revaluation at all or the enlightenment ideas at all. They felt as if they were being threaten by them. So they to stop them but they failed. Now the third estate wanted there heads. The third estate had up every one else in France. They made up 98% of the population. The bourgeoisie they made up a small part of the third estate. They had just has much money or more than the other two estates. They were the ones that funded the enlightenment thinker and the French Revelation. The rest of the third estate was made of the peasant. They were the back done of the French Revelation. At the beginning they were all for the the enlightenment. But as time went on they felt as if they were not being fought for. Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, was born on January 19th, 1689 at La Brede, near Bordeaux, to a wealthy noble family. In 1721 Montesquieu published the Persian Letters. Throughout his lifetime he published many works. Montesquieu's aim in The Spirit of the Laws is to explain human laws and social institutions. It was published in 1748 just about a year before the French Revolution. Wrote Two Treatises on Government
Concerned Natural Rights of Man and the Social Contract
Exiled in Holland because of ideas
Influenced Voltaire and Montesquieu
Best known for making modern philosophical empiricism http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/montesquieu/ He was the founder of the french republic because he believed that a republic was the best form of government. He thought that a republic would give more power to the people and improve individual freedom. His ideas of individual freedom helped to start the french revolution because they emphasized the need for a government that represented the importance of the people that they ruled. Map of the French Revolution