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Transcript of Scotland
capital & largest cities
Edinburgh is the second most populous city in Scotland and the seventh most populous city in the United Kingdom. The population in 2013 was 487,500. It's been recognised as Scotland's capital since the 15th century. Edinburgh has a castle: the Edinburgh Castle that dates back from the 12th century.
The largest city:
Glasgow is the largest city of Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom. At the 2011 census, it had a population density of 8,790 per square mile the highest of any Scottish city. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as Glaswegians. Glasgow has many castles, like Bothwell Castle, or Doune Castle.
coat of arms
gaelic word "Scoti"
(land of the Gaels)
flower of Scotland
The official language English
Recognised regional languages
Scottish Gaelic Scots
Scotland's head of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952). The First Minister of Scotland is the political leader of Scotland and the head of the Scottish Government. Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State heads the Scotland Office.
Scotland's currency is the pound sterling. There are four banks in Scotland: the Bank of England, the Bank of Scotland, the Royal Bank of Scotland, and the Clydesdale Bank.
Scotland's patron saint is St. Andrew. St Andrew's Day (and Scotland's national Day) is the 30th November. Every 30th of November, scottish people dance the "Ceilidhs".
Scotland's climate is oceanic, with mild temperatures and abundant rain because of the proximity to the ocean. The winters are cold, and the summers are cool.
New Year's Day (01/01)
New Year Holiday (02/01)
Good Friday (
May Day (1st Monday/05)
Spring Holiday (last Monday/05)
Summer Holiday (1st Monday/08)
St. Andrew's Day (30/11
Christmas Day (25/12)
Boxing Day (26/12)
There are a lot of public holidays, because public holidays don't happen in all of Scotland. For example:
The 1st Monday of November is the Samhain holiday in Inverness.
Scottish people drive on the left hand side, unlike people in the continent, due to the fact that, in the Middle Ages, Scots would ride on that side because they could defend themselves better.
Sport is very important in Scottish culture. The country hosts most of the national sport championships. Scotland also enjoys independent representations in other sport championships, like the FIFA World Cup or the Rugby Union World Cup, but not at the Olympic Games, were Scottish athletes compete with the Great Britain team.
The most popular sports in Scotland are:
famous and important people
Sr. Arthur Conan Doyle
Robert Louis Stevenson
John Logie Baird
Alexander Graham Bell
Tartan is a pattern consisting of intersecting horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colors . Scottish kilts almost always have tartan patterns. Tartans were used to distinguish different clans or families.