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CONTENT

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shantheni kanna

on 21 October 2015

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Transcript of CONTENT

QUESTION
SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS
FROM
THE TECHNICAL ASPECTS?
TECHNICAL ?
Effective techniques used
in teaching and learning process
to determine the achievement.
3. SCHOOL CLIMATE/LEARNING ATMOSPHERE
School effectiveness
What does it means to you?
School Effectiveness
Effective schools
What are the roles of Education in economic development?
Promoting skills in entrepreneurship and technological advances
Developing the ability to compete in local and globalized market
Developing world class professional skills by curriculum
Improve the quality of their life
Hyundai in shock as Toyota Camry wins 2013 "Korea of The Year" Award
Nokia's history dates back to 1865, when mining engineer Fredrik Idestam set up his first wood pulp mill at the Tammerkoski Rapids in Southwestern Finland

SINGAPORE - Twenty Singapore companies figure in Forbes magazine`s annual list of the world`s biggest public companies, with China landing five of the top 10 spots for the second year in a row.

ECONOMY
Educational investment
Government
Expectation
Manpower/
standard

Contribution of schools to the Economic Development
Economy in Malaysia
SCHOOLS
1. Teaching and learning process
2.CURRICULUM
"The success of curriculum change depends on what teachers
think and act"
BROOKS (1999)
Environmental factors
A school's high technical effectiveness at the individual level does not necessarily promise high technical effectiveness or social effectiveness at the society level, although people often assume the existence of such a positive relationship.
SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS - SOCIAL ASPECTS
ARGUMENTS
School social capital is crucial for school effectiveness but it has been disregarded in the traditional school administrative theory
Coleman's Theory - Social Capital in school
Discovered that students in catholic schools had better learning outcomes and less dropout rates than the students in public schools
Internal school social capital
and
External school social capital
Teacher - Teacher Teacher - Student

Positive relationship between students and teachers will carry out a wide range of cognitive and academic achievements to students
Teacher-Parent
School - Family
SOCIAL EFFECTIVENESS
The capacity of schools to help students to develop themselves;
Psychologically
Socially
Physically
and develop their potentials as fully as possible
The theory of change model shows the pathway of influence between building community and school improvements
(D. H. Hargreaves, 2001)
A number of studies have shown that parental involvement is positively
related to higher learning grades and lower rates of behavioral problems
of students (Ho, 1999; Lee, 1993)
How does school effectiveness links with economy?
1. Pertaining to technology or computers

2. Technical skills or technical language refers to the skills or terminologies

Technical Effectiveness
TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS
Total knowledge transfer
LEARNING EFFECTIVENESS
knowledge acquisition
"Technology and teacher motivation have positive effects on students motivation"
Atkinson (2000)
Fullan (2001)
Technical problem :
1. Lack of appropriate curriculum materials

2. Ineffective in service training

3. Minimal administrative support

Most participants are still more adhered to or showing more acceptance of a teacher-centered, discipline-based type of teaching and curriculum.
Shirley Sze Yin Yeung and Chi-Chung Lam (2007)
-They feel comfortable
-They are treated fairly by teachers
-They feel a sense of belonging
Personality of school
Academic performance
Safety and school size
(Grosin, 1994)
Bernstein (1975)
Give your assessment to what
extent the concept of effectiveness of school social context are
met in our country.
The relationships between the supply of selected purchased schooling inputs and educational outcomes, controlling for the influence of various background features” (Monk, 1992).

THE PERSPECTIVE ON THE
OUTCOME OF EDUCATION
The equation that is commonly used is:
Ait = f(Bit, Pit,Iit)

Ait – student outcome of i th student at time t
Bit- vector of family background
Pit- vector of influence of peers
Sit- vector of school inputs
Iit- vector of innate ablities

MALAYSIAN EDUCATION BLUEPRINT 2015-2016
Malaysia’s overall performance is consistent with Malaysia’s income level


Resources
Environment
Connectivity
Output
Despite these significant gains, challenges and concerns remain
Employers report
that graduates lack the
critical thinking and communication skills, and the language proficiency
(especially in English) that are essential for success in the 21st century.

THEREFORE…
According to Coleman (1988), social capital is defined by its functions. He views social capital as
“not a single entity but a variety of different entities
, with two elements in common: they all consist of some aspect of social structures, and they facilitate certain actions of actors — whether persons or corporate actors — within the structure” (Coleman, 1988, p. S98).

INTEGRATED MODEL
OF
SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS
INPUT
TRAINING - GOOD STUDENTS
KNOWLEDGE
RESOURCES
EQUIPMENTS / TECHNOLOGY

PROCESS
CULTURE
MANAGEMENT
ADMINISTRATION
LEADERSHIP
TEACHING & LEARNING METHOD
OUTPUT
IMMEDIATE RESULTS
ACHIEVEMENTS
DEVELOPING STUDENTS
OUTCOMES
LONG TERM SUSTAINABILITY
CHANGE IN ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOUR
COMMUNICATION SKILLS
CAREER
STATUS


In 2014, the
Universitas 21 Report
ranked Malaysia’s higher education system
28th out the 50 countries
it assessed. The Universitas 21 Report ranks higher education in 50 countries across four categories:
School social capital and school effectiveness
Kwok Kuen Tsang
Universiti of Hong Kong
School social capital
Social resources embedded in internal and external school social networks
According to the existing literature,if schools possess more socially embedded resources, the overall school performance will be better.
Thus...
Managing school social capital
is important for school to strive for effectiveness.
However...
Social Effectiveness -
Outcomes
There are two perspectives or can be seen at two levels :
Individual
Community

Growing potential
Balanced and harmonious intellectual, spiritual, emotional and physical
Believe and Obey God
Knowledgeable, honorable and responsible
Able to achieve well being
Society and the nation prosper

At Individual Level
At Community Level
United
Democratic
Ethical moral
Scientific and Progressive
Economic justice prosperous
Liberal and Maturity

Conclusion
Different method and function of the school or teachers leads to different levels and perspectives and all relates to the technical, social, and economy
Economy and Development Survey in Adecco of 2013
Conflict Theory Approach
Skills learned in
school
are
different
from the skills required by the
workplaces
.


Schools produce
educational credentials
rather than
useful knowledge and skills
– the educational system is a means of social reproduction
Elaborate on the Effectiveness of the school in terms of Economic, Technical and Social aspects.
Give your assessment on the concept of
" The effectiveness of school on
social context in Malaysia"

Singapore
South Korea
Finland
GNP PER CAPITA OF COUNTRIES
Social ties, trust and collaboration among teachers will develop a kind of internal school social networks which in turn generates internal school social capital
Students academic performance can be encouraged when school possess social capital through the strong ties and network with communities (Coleman 1988)
INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SCHOOL SOCIAL CAPITAL
James S . Coleman
Social context in Effective schools
High level of parental involvement
Higher level of readiness
High expectations
Managing School Social Capital
Expressive action / Cultural intervention
Promote trust, norms, and values shared by actors within and between networks
Develop a school culture to bind all groups of people together
(Maintain)
Instrumental Action
(Acquire)
Balance the strength of social ties within and between networks
Schools should make efforts to reach out in order to access other resources in other social networks.
South Korea
Malaysia
Finland
Singapore
School Social Network Model
Full transcript