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Transcript of Hospitality Timeline
Travel was usually just for necessity and to find new food sources, to follow climatic changes, or to get away from other threatening tribes.
Occasionally, business and pleasure were reasons for travel and certain tribes would meet at specific times of the year for celebrations, to conduct business, to trade and simply socialize. Stronger tribes would control resources of an area.
Armies would travel to different areas and conquer entire regions, enslaving the inhabitants and stealing their possessions.
Trading also became a big part in these times.
Sumerians and Phoenicians focused on increasing their wealth through industry (not killing other tribes).
Sumerians developed the first coinage to pay for goods and the Phoenicians created the first maps. People now began traveling to conduct trade, government business, and for educational and social reasons.
The Egyptians had large, flourishing cities, which attracted travelers.
By 900 B.C., the Grecian empire. Greek philosophers began traveling for education and to discover new things.
Greeks loved to shop, eat, and drink. They also loved theatre and sports, so they would travel great distances to see these events.
They also created the Olympics! The Roman Empire were great conquerors and wherever they went, they built roads; more than 80 000km of them!
Roman coinage became the first universally accepted currency.
Inns and taverns actually started in this era and were created all over towns to take care of travelers.
The Romans developed spas to take care of their physical well-being, and even came up with the first "fast-food" style restaurants. Changes in modes of travel were a common theme in this era, starting with steamships and steam trains being made so that crossing the oceans and continents was easier.
The invention of the automobile helped the tourism industry greatly, as it provided a means for people to travel independently and they could choose their own times and destinations. With wars, called the Crusades, large armies of knights and warriors would go away and bring back many interesting stories of different lands and cultures.
Marco Polo, one of the best known early traveling merchants, traveled from Europe to the Far East, bringing back lots of souvenirs which created great interest. England's nobility began sending their children away to the Continent to be educated.
This event was called "le grand tour."
"Le grand tour" is still a part of tourism today, but modern tourists complete it in days, not years. Finally, in 1903, the era of air travel was born.
By the late 1920's, travel across the ocean had been reduced to days rather than months.
With fast and accessible modes of travel now available, tourism was growing rapidly. With the outbreak of WWII, safe travel became nearly impossible.
Bigger, faster planes and automobiles, faster and more comfortable ships and trains were created and necessary to the Allied victory.
After the war, these modern machines fueled a new growth in tourism. On September 11, 2001, more than 2800 people , representing 86 different nations, were killed in what is known as 9-11.
This stunned the world, and really caught the attention of everyone in the tourism industry.
Nowadays, travelers choose destinations with greater concern for their personal safety. Tourism today is a lot more complex than it used to be.
Airport security has been beefed up since 9-11 and it is impossible to get on a plane without a proper baggage check, passport, or a criminal background check. In the future, tourism will continue to grow as long as we can keep the peace and keep it all interesting and exciting.