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Verbs

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amrita ali

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of Verbs

ESL Programme:
Lesson 7

VERBS
Verbs
Answers
Practice exercise
Transitive Verbs
Transitive verbs are in
blue
color, and the objects are in
red
color:

1. He
sent
the
letter
.
2. She
gave
the
lecture
.
3. The judge
sentenced
the
man
to five years in prison.
4. I
baked
some
cookies
.
5. I
rode
the
bicycle
.
6. They
read
the
newspaper
everyday.
7. Did you
make

coffee
this morning?
8. He
bought
a
shirt
.
9. I
moved
the
chair
.
10. We
pay
a
gardener
to mow the lawn.
A
verb
is a word that expresses an
action
. For example: run, eat, write, speak, etc. There are different kinds of verbs:

Transitive Verb:

A transitive verb expresses an
action
and is followed by an
object
that receives the action of the verb.
In the following examples, transitive verbs are shown in
blue
color and the direct objects of these verbs are shown in
red
color.

I
washed
(what?) the
car
yesterday.
I
took
(whom?) my
sister
to the movie.
John
studies
(what?)
English
.
Identify the transitive verbs and the object in the following sentences:

1. He sent the letter.
2. She gave the lecture.
3. The judge sentenced the man to five years in prison.
4. I baked some cookies.
5. I rode the bicycle.
6. They read the newspaper everyday.
7. Did you make coffee this morning?
8. He bought a shirt.
9. I moved the chair.
10. We pay a gardener to mow the lawn.
Intransitive Verbs
An
intransitive verb
has two characteristics. First: it is an
action

verb
, expressing a doable activity like go, lie, sneeze, sit, die, etc.
Second: unlike a transitive verb, it will
not
have a direct object receiving the action.

Examples:
1. Huffing and puffing, we
arrived
at the classroom door with only seconds to spare.
Arrived = intransitive verb

2. James
went
to the campus cafe for a steaming bowl of soup.
Went = intransitive verb

3. To escape the midday sun, the cats
lie
in the shade under our cars.
Lie = intransitive verb
Practice exercise
Intransitive Verbs
Identify the intransitive verbs and the object in the following sentences:

1. Some ants fight fiercely.
2. He spoke loudly.
3. The sun rises in the morning.
4. The fire burns brightly.
5. Birds fly in the sky.
6. Anna wrote.
7. The rain came suddenly.
8. My dog ran away last night.
9. The child has fallen asleep
10. The old man went mad.
Answers
The intransitive verbs are in
blue
color:

1. Some ants
fight
fiercely.
2. He
spoke
loudly.
3. The sun
rises
in the morning.
4. The fire
burns
brightly.
5. Birds
fly
in

the sky.
6. Anna
wrote.
7. The rain
came
suddenly.
8. My dog
ran
away last night.
9. The child has
fallen
asleep.
10. The old man
went
mad.
Action verbs
Dance! Sing! Paint! Giggle!
Chew! What are these words doing? They are expressing actions, something that a person, animal, or a force of nature or thing can do. As a result, words like these are called action verbs.

For example:

1. John
talks
at inappropriate times.
(Talking is something John can do)

2. Jennifer
watched
the pretty birds building a nest.
(Watching is something Jennifer can do)
Practice exercise
Action Verbs
Billy jumped out of his bed Friday morning. He ran to the kitchen singing at the top of his lungs. “Billy, you sure sound happy this morning! said Billy’s mother. “I am!” Billy replied as he sat at the breakfast table. He gobbled his food down as fast as he could. Then he raced out the door and jumped on the school bus. When the bus pulled up in front of the school Billy was still sinking. When it was time for class, David whispered, “You better stop singing. You’ll get into trouble.” But Billy picked another song and continued on. The teacher, Mrs. Grump, was talking about nouns and verbs when Billy started his tenth song of the day. Billy’s classmates giggled and then laughed out loud, but Billy kept right on singing. Mrs. Grump, however, wasn’t singing at all. She wrote a note to Billy’s parents and you know what they decided? No listening to his IPod for two whole days! So Billy learned to sing only in the shower, in choir, outdoors, or with his friends. Just about anywhere but in the classroom!
Answer
Billy
jumped
out of his bed Friday morning. He
ran
to the kitchen
singing
at the top of his lungs. “Billy, you sure sound happy this morning!"
said
Billy’s mother. “I am!” Billy
replied
as he
sat
at the breakfast table. He
gobbled
his food down as fast as he could. Then he
raced
out the door and
jumped
on the school bus. When the bus pulled up in front of the school Billy was still
singing
. When it was time for class, David
whispered
, “You better stop
singing
. You’ll
get
into trouble.” But Billy
picked
another song and
continued
on. The teacher, Mrs. Grump, was
talking
about nouns and verbs when Billy
started
his tenth song of the day. Billy’s classmates
giggled
and then
laughed
out loud, but Billy kept right on
singing
. Mrs. Grump, however, wasn’t
singing
at all. She
wrote
a note to Billy’s parents and you know what they decided? No listening to his IPod for two whole days! So Billy
learned
to
sing
only in the shower, in choir, outdoors, or with his friends. Just about anywhere but in the classroom!
Regular Verbs
Regular verbs are verbs that form the past tense by adding the letter “d” or “ed” at the end.
Verbs can be formed in the following tenses:

Past tense:
Verbs that can take place in the past.
Present tense:
Verbs that take place in the present.
Future tense: V
erbs that will take place in the future.

Examples:

back–backed chase–chased chew–chewed depend–depended decide–decided employee–employed excuse–excused fade–faded fold–folded gaze-gazed guess-guessed hand–handed hunt–hunted join–joined joke–joked kick-kicked laugh-laughed
Practice exercise
Regular Verbs
Identify the regular verbs in the following sentences:

1. Jennifer asked her mother if she could go to the movies.
2. We walked around the block.
3. Sarah worked on her math homework before dinner.
4. He stayed there for seven hours.
5. He is playing with his friends.
6. All term he had not opened his book.
7. In his dream he passed the test.
8. He arrived early in the classroom.
9. He believes he can finish his work on time.
10. James kicked the ball over the goal post.
11. Please fill the jug.
12. He jumped over the rope.
13. She was working in the garden.
14. Sarah played the piano.
15. Maria has borrowed some books from the library.
Answers

1. Jennifer
asked
her mother if she could go to the movies.
2. We
walked
around the block.
3. Sarah
worked
on her math homework before dinner.
4. He
stayed
there for seven hours.
5. He is
playing
with his friends
6. All term he had not
opened
his book.
7. In his dream he
passed
the test.
8. He
arrived
early in the classroom.
9. He believes he can finish his work on time.
10. James
kicked
the ball over the goal post.
11. Please
fill
the jug.
12. He
jumped
over the rope.
13. She was
working
in the garden.
14. Sarah
played
the piano.
15. Maria has
borrowed
some books from the library.
Irregular Verbs
Irregular verbs are those verbs whose past tense are not formed by adding "ed" or "d" at the end of the word. There are some verbs that follow a similar pattern of past tense
(drink–drank, shrink–shrank, know-knew, blow-blew)
, but these patterns cannot be applied to every word. So the only way to learn irregular verbs is to memorize them.

Following are some examples:

1. The dog
bit
John.

(bite)
2. My best friend
came
to the party. (come)
3. She
caught
the ball. (catch)
4. Everyone has
gone
home.

(go, went)
5. James
fell
in the lake. (fall)
6. She
drew
a painting and
hung
it on the wall. (draw, hang)
Practice exercise
Irregular Verbs
Determine the correct and incorrect tense of the verbs. Make corrections in case of incorrect tenses.

1. Tomorrow we will left for the airport.
2. Our neighbor spend the weekend cleaning his house.
3. The sun shone brightly all day yesterday.
4. John hang his hat on the wall.
5. Yesterday our band practiced at John's house.
6. We have eat the entire cake.
7. I had knew his name and age.
8. Michael laid the packages on the table.
9. James has leave for office.
10. We drink Coke last night.
11. Maria win the gold medal in sports last week.
Answers
1. Tomorrow we will
leave
for the airport.
2. Our neighbor
spent
the weekend cleaning his house.
3. The sun
shone
brightly all day yesterday.

(correct)
4. John
hung
his hat on the wall.
5. Yesterday our band
practiced
at John's house.

(correct)
6. We have
eaten
the entire cake.
7. I had
known
his name and age.
8. Michael
laid
the packages on the table.

(correct)
9. James has
left
for office.
10. We
drank
Coke last night.
11. Maria
won
the gold medal in sports last week.
Full transcript