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Chapter 11 Section 3-Nationalism and Sectionalism
Transcript of Chapter 11 Section 3-Nationalism and Sectionalism
In 1815, President Madison presented a plan for Congress to try and make the U.S. more economically efficient and to not have to rely on other countries as much anymore
Who did he call?
No, not Ghostbusters...but close...Henry Clay
Henry Clay's American System had some main ideas
1. Establish a Protective Tariff-a tax on imported goods to protect businesses from foreign competition
2. Establish a National Bank-promoting a single currency-making trade easier, in 1816 Congress created the Second Bank of the United States
3. Improve the country's transportation systems-improves the economy because roads were so bad it made transportation slow and costly
One way to improve transportation was the creation of the National Road, which extended from Maryland to Virginia
Water transportation improved too, with t
Water Transportation improved too, with the building of canals, in 1825 the massive Erie Canal created a water route between New York City and Buffalo, New York
The canal opened the upper Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes region to settlement and trade, the Erie Canal allowed farm products from the Great Lakes region to flow east and people and manufactured goods from the east to flow west
Trade stimulated by the canal helped New York City become the nation's largest city as between 1820 and 1830 the population of the city grew from 125,000 to 200,000
As nationalist feelings spread, people slowly shifted loyalty away from state governments and more toward the federal government
James Madison left office in 1817, President #5 was James Monroe from Virginia
Democratic-Republican Monroe won election easily as the Federalist Party was basically dead by this time, this was maybe the last time in American history that saw no real politics because there was only 1 party, the Monroe administration is remembered for just going well, no real problems, everyone was happy, hence why it is called the Era of Good Feelings
The Supreme Court also ruled in cases consistently at this time in favor of the National Government, making it stronger as well
U.S. relations with Spain were tense, maybe the only major issue during the Era of Good Feelings, the two nations disagreed on the boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase and the ownership of West Florida, meanwhile pirates and runaway slaves used Spanish Florida as a refuge
In addition, the Seminoles of East Florida raided American settlements in Georgia to reclaim lost lands, in 1817 President Monroe ordered General Angry Andy Jackson to stop the Seminole raids, but to not confront the Spanish
Jackson followed the Seminoles into Spanish territory and then claimed the Florida's for the U.S., Monroe ordered Jackson to withdraw but gave Spain a choice-it could either police the Florida's or turn them over to the U.S., in the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819, Spain handed Florida to the U.S.
Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of your own region or section of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
Southerners were relying on cotton and slavery while the North was relying on Manufacturing
This becomes a major problem when Missouri wanted to become a state in 1817
People in Missouri wanted to allow slavery in their state, the problem was that at the time there were 22 states in the U.S.-11 were free, 11 had slaves, and if Missouri joined as a slave state then the pro-slavery people would have the advantage in Congress
For months the nation argued over Missouri until a Compromise was negotiated by a special human being
Nope, not them again....Henry Clay
Maine wanted to become a state as well, so Clay developed the Missouri Compromise of 1820-It made Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state so that the number of slave and free states would remain tied
Thomas Jefferson nearing 80 warned about how these compromises are only delaying the inevitable and that the differences between the North and South would eventually blow up-good thing he was wrong as nothing ever happened......or not
In Latin America, several countries had successfully fought for independence from Spain and Portugal, some European Countries planned to help Spain and Portugal regain their colonies, America feared that these European countries messing around in South America could lead them to trying to mess with the U.S.
In December 1823, President Monroe issued a statement that became known as the Monroe Doctrine-it said that the U.S. saw itself as a world power and protector of Latin America and that Europe should stay out of the Americas-both North and South America, he also promised to stay out of European affairs as well, basically the Monroe Doctrine said: you don't mess with us, we won't mess with you
Writer of the Monroe Doctrine you say
Nope, not them again..but this time it was actually not Henry Clay, but Secretary of State John Quincy Adams
Give him a break...you would be cranky too if your most important legislative achievement was named after someone else
Homework Assignment-Section 3 Assessment
P. 359 # 1 and 3