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Sargent Claude Johnson
Transcript of Sargent Claude Johnson
- One of the first African-American artists working in California
- He was a painter, potter, ceramist, printmaker, graphic artist, sculptor, and carver.
- He was a known Communist
Sargent Claude Johnson
- Sargent Johnson was the third of six children of Anderson and Lizzie Jackson Johnson.
- Johnson was not completely African American; he was Swedish, African American, and Cherokee.
- His whole family was white enough to be considered white, but he identified with the African American population most of his life.
- He spent his childhood in Washington D.C.
#2 The Mask
Made of hammered copper, and reflects Johnson's African roots.
-Went to Worchester, MA, to the Sisters of Charity
- Left for public school to study music and mechanical drawing.
-He married Pearl Lawson in 1915.
-Sargent Johnson's early work focused on racial identity.
-Went to California for the Panama Pacific International Exposition
-Johnson attended avant-garde A.W. Best School of Art
- Johnson worked as a fitter for Schlusser Bros. in 1917, and an artist for Willard E. Worden in 1920.
-One of his pieces, Elizabeth Gee, was shown in the 1928 Harmon Foundation exhibit.
Schooling and Adult Life
Art Career (cont.)
-One of the many awards won by Johnson through the Harmon Foundation was for his piece called Sammy.
-The 1930s were the most productive decade in Johnson's career.
-In 1945, and through 1965, Sargent Johnson made a number of trips to Oaxaca and Southern Mexico to start incorporating their culture into his artwork.
-From 1947 to 1967, he produced about 100 pieces.
-Johnson died on October 10, 1967 in San Francisco, California after suffering a heart attack.
-Johnson’s influence from Cubism and Mexican muralists became the impetus for works like Cubist Bird