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Ming Dynasty Government System

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Addie Hinton

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of Ming Dynasty Government System

How did the government affect people of that time? Government During Ming Dynasty The Grand Secretariat- was established in 1380 under Emperor Hungwu and turned into .a coordinating system for the Six ministries. Did administrative work and had access to all documents that went to and from the emperor. Were usually mid-level officials.

Six ministries- Personnel, Revenue, Rites, War, Justice, and Public Works.

The Censorate- first started in Qin Dynasty and was re-established in 1430.Where the "Eyes and ears of the Emperor" and must constantly check on other levels of the government to avoid any mishaps or corruptions, even though they themselves could easily become corrupt and except bribes. Government Set up Based on The Criminal Law of Tang Dynasty and influenced The Criminal Law of the Qin Dynasty.

During Ming Dynasty it became less harsh, but was still greatly enforced.

Light Punishment=ceremonial, customary and moral violations; usually lashes, where and how many depended on the crime.

Heavy Punishment=stealing,robbing, and murder; varied from being branded, to the breaking of bones, or even execution. The Criminal Law of Ming Dynasty To be high in the government system came with a lot of honor; hard to get positions but anyone could try. Helped people move up in society and gave them something to strive for.

Punishments put fear in people, somewhat scared into behaving.

The Ming Dynasty flourished and all stages of the social classes benefited from it, in terms of better trade and a surplus of goods, which offered more jobs and opportunities, which let all families be able to become financially stable. How The Rise of The Ming Dynasty
Affected The People The government of the Ming Dynasty stopped trying to advance in ways of technology, agriculture, and war..

Other nations started to prosper, leaving China behind them. China also suffered many attacks, uprisings and riots, which the government had trouble putting down and spent many resources on.

Affected the people because the economy crashed causing inflation and the decline of the Ming Dynasty. How the Decline of Ming Dynasty Affected the People Background Emperor was Zhu Yuanzhang, who took the name Emperor Hungwu.

Continued similarly to the government of Yuan Dynasty

Originated from the Three Department and Six Ministry system. Government system changed constantly depending on what each dynasties needs and demands were. Censorate vs. Secretariat and Personnel Censorate dealt with the workers of the different levels of the government, while the Secretariat handled the administrative side of the government. The Personnel did not have direct access to the emperor and could be over ruled by the Censorate. How to Obtain a Government Position You must pass a series of exams to be eligible for the job.
Anyone of any social class could apply for the job and take an exam but usually only the higher class had the money and time to study for and take the exams.
People would spend years studying and preparing for these exams and most would try the exam multiple times before either giving up or passing.
For each time one passed the exam they received a new title and with this came a lot of honor. "Grand Secretariat- Chinese Ancient Administrative." Cultural China. 2007. Accessed May 24, 2013. http://history.cultral-china.com/en/34H632IHI2I40html.

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"A Look at Daily Life in Ancient China." History.cultural-china.com. 2007. Accessed May 17, 2013. http://history.cultural-china.com/en/183History5435.html.

"Ming Dynasty." - New World Encyclopedia. April 2, 2008. Accessed May 25, 2013. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ming_Dynasty.

"Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD)." Ming Dynasty (1368. 1987. Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.china-tour.cn/Chinese-History/Ming-Dynasty.htm.

"Ming Dynasty." Chinaholidays.com. 1998. Accessed May 17, 2013. http;//www.chinaholidays.com/guide/chinese-culture/ming-dynasty-history.html.

"Ming Dynasty in China History: Economy, Culture, Science." TravelChinaGuide. 1998. Accessed May 20, 2013. http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/ming.htm.

"PUAM - Asian Art Collection." PUAM - Asian Art Collection. 2004. Accessed May 25, 2013. http://etcweb.princeton.edu/asianart/timeperiod_china.jsp?ctry=China. Bibliography
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