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Mercantilism and Colonial Wars
Transcript of Mercantilism and Colonial Wars
The initial target of economic destruction was the Dutch and then the French. France The Navigation was three times bigger in population size, was allied with Spain, was Europe's leading Military power at the time and was already creating monopolies. English Mercantilism Spanish Succession- When Louis XIV eagerly willed his grandson to take the Spanish throne upsetting the balance of power, France and Spain united to threaten to destroy British colonies in America, forcing Louis XIV into the Peace of Utrecht. Austrian Succession Frederick the Great seized Silesia from Austria, gradually becoming a world war that included Anglo- French conflicts in India and North America. The colonies within North America did not Change. Seven Year's War Austria tried to win back Silesia and crush Prussia by re-establishing the Habsburg's leadership in German affairs, but Prussia survived with no loss of land. This war was also the decisive round in the Franco-British competition for the colonial empire.
British focused on sea power to choke off French commerce internationally.
British naval and Land forces invaded Quebec, defeating the French after four months of fighting. French troops allied with Native American Tribes, contributing to the French military power. In the Treaty of Paris, England owned all colonial fronts. France lost all of it's possessions in the mainland.
France also gave up most of it's holdings in India, allowing for Britain to follow a path of new control.