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Adaptation & Sustainable Development

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deborah davies

on 12 September 2017

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Transcript of Adaptation & Sustainable Development

Doing Adaptation
Climate Adaptation & Sustainable Development
ADAPTATION?
Adaptation is a process of on-going adjustments in response to climate and non-climate drivers.
Adaptation and mitigation are different but also compatible
Two Approaches
Assessing Vulnerability
Adaptation Options
To determine adaptation needs, it is crucial to identify & comprehend issues of:

Vulnerability,
Resilience,
Exposure,
Sensitivity,
Capacity to adapt.
Building Adaptive Capacity (BAC)
Networking, sharing information etc.,
Delivering Adaptation Actions (DAA)
Reactive or Anticipatory
Planned or Autonomous

Adaptation Actions
The challenge of adaptation
Climate resilient pathways (UN)
Adaptation, Mitigation & Adaptigation

Adaptation is multidimensional,
You need inputs from the Social as well as Physical sciences

Understand your reasons for adapting

There is a role for everyone in this process

Beware of the risk of MALADAPTATION
Do you think your current
M&E processes are robust enough?

Do you have the flexibility to adjust goals as new information becomes available?

How do M&E process continue once the project goals are met?
Accepting the impacts
, and bearing the losses
Off-setting losses
by sharing or spreading the risks or losses (e.g. through
insurance
)
Avoiding or reducing your exposure
to climate risks (e.g. build new flood defences, or change location or activity)
Exploiting new opportunities
(e.g. engaging in a new activity, or changing practices to take advantage of changing climatic conditions).
PROACTIVE or STRATEGIC. Use research to better understand climate risks and performance of adaptation options.
Adaptation Options
Source: IPCC, 2001
Temporary, Managerial, Technical, Strategic
Reactive
Anticipatory
After the initial impacts
Before the initial impacts
Natural Systems
Human Systems
(UNFCCC, 2006 and TERI, IPCC, 2007).
Planned
Autonomous
Deliberate policy decisions
Anticipatory
regulations, standards, and investment schemes
Top-down
Bottom-up
Individual institutions, businesses & communities
Independent adjustments
Can be short-term, reactive &/ or anticipatory, characteristically bottom-up

What other stresses - pollution, habitat fragmentation - are adding to climate change vulnerability in your sector?


UNDP climate change adaptation programming. Kurukulasuriya 2008: 3.
‘any action taken to minimise the adverse effects or to take advantage of any beneficial effects of climate change’

UK Climate Impacts Programme
(UKCIP).
Multidimensional
Complex
ADAPTATION
MITIGATION
One-dimensional
‘reduce or prevent emission of greenhouse gases'

(Effect)
(ProActive, Cause)
It is not a question of one or the other!
Maladaptation
Increases dependency
More pressure on the energy grid

USA 13.08.2003 - 50 million people
Cascade failures


The interactions between drainage, water management and health
Misuse and lack of maintenance two main reasons why drainage structures are often associated with environmental health problems.
In the WHO European Region, malaria elimination remains on track: only 37 cases of locally acquired malaria reported in 2013 (in Greece, Tajikistan and Turkey).
Question
Do you know the difference between ....?

Norway
Adapting to future climate changes
Coping with the current climate variability
- ADAPTATION THROUGH RESEARCH
Strategies & Policies

Projects -
Cities of the Future
Preparing for a more sustainable future
Disaster Risk Management (DRM)

Nothing New?
12 Types of
Adaptation Strategy
Use of risk-based policy & project appraisal process & techniques
PROACTIVE. Organisations that adopt risk assessments will be more flexible & better able to cope with climate risks
Delay & Buy time
PROACTIVE. A delay strategy can help to deliver a better decision, if the delay time is used to improve your knowledge – for instance by combining it with research or monitoring.
Research
Information supply, education, awareness raising
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE:
Can be used to raise awareness of the need to adapt.
Diversification or hedge betting
PROACTIVE: technical or policy response
Defend and Manage
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE: Technical measures
Retreat or Abandon
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE: Includes strategic planning response.
Monitoring
PROACTIVE: System performance monitoring.
REACTIVE: Climate impact monitoring.
Contingency Planning
PROACTIVE. More flexible & better able to cope with climate risks
Insurance
PROACTIVE. Fiscal response
Change of Use
Safety factors, climate headroom, buffering measures
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE: Includes planning responses, with or without technical measures
PROACTIVE or STRATEGIC
Includes technical and regulatory response.
Question
PROACTIVE or STRATEGIC. Use research to better understand climate risks and performance of adaptation options.
12 Types of
Adaptation Strategy
Use of risk-based policy & project appraisal process & techniques
PROACTIVE. Organisations that adopt risk assessments will be more flexible & better able to cope with climate risks
Delay & Buy time
PROACTIVE. A delay strategy can help to deliver a better decision, if the delay time is used to improve your knowledge – for instance by combining it with research or monitoring.
Research
Information supply, education, awareness raising
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE:
Can be used to raise awareness of the need to adapt.
Diversification or hedge betting
PROACTIVE: technical or policy response
Defend and Manage
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE: Technical measures
Retreat or Abandon
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE: Includes strategic planning response.
Monitoring
PROACTIVE: System performance monitoring.
REACTIVE: Climate impact monitoring.
Contingency Planning
PROACTIVE. More flexible & better able to cope with climate risks
Insurance
PROACTIVE. Fiscal response
Change of Use
Safety factors, climate headroom, buffering measures
PROACTIVE or REACTIVE: Includes planning responses, with or without technical measures
PROACTIVE or STRATEGIC
Includes technical and regulatory response.
Would the strategy be successful if implementation were delayed ten or twenty years?
Criteria for assessing options
Economic Efficiency
Will the initiative yield benefits substantially greater than if the resources were applied elsewhere?
Flexibility
Is the strategy reasonable for the entire range of possible changes in temperatures, precipitation, and sea level?
Urgency
Equity
Does the strategy unfairly benefit some at the expense of other regions, generations, or economic classes?
Unique or Critical Resources
Does the strategy decrease the risk of losing unique environmental or cultural resources?
Consistency
Does the policy support other national state, community, or private goals?
Low Cost
Does the strategy require minimal resources?
Institutional feasibility
Is the strategy acceptable to the public? Can it be implemented with existing institutions under existing laws?
Health and Safety
Would the proposed strategy increase or decrease the risk of disease or injury?
Private v. Public Sector
Does the strategy minimize governmental interference with decisions best made by the private sector?
James Titus, project manager U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Assessment
Accepting the Impacts
Implementation
Communication
Avoiding or reducing your exposure
Monitoring & Evaluation
Exploiting the opportunities
To a range of climate risks (e.g. build new flood protection, change location, change activities)
Screening
Off-setting the losses
By sharing or spreading the risks or losses (e.g. insurance)

And bearing the losses

Or perhaps it is better to saying 'living with climate change'
Air conditioning
- Increases GHG emissions
- Adds to the Heat Island Effect

ROAD TO ADAPTATION
What are you reasons for adaptation?
- Future climate changes
- Coping with current vulnerability
- Both?

What are your main adaptation options
- Building adaptive capacity (BAC)?
- Developing adaptation actions?

Not all adaptation are good - beware of bad/ maladaptations

Adaptation
Mitigation
Full transcript