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The Development of Mobile Phones

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James Ratcliffe

on 9 May 2011

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Transcript of The Development of Mobile Phones

Motorola 4500x (1984) Heavy, bulky and usually permanently installed in cars

Costing well over £1,000

Huge heavy battery

20 minutes of battery life

Considered to be a niche product for the very rich. Motorola Dynatec 8000x (1984) launched in the US with a price tag of $3,995

Under an hour of battery life and ten hours needed to recharge (A 1 hour in a fast charger which was a separate accessory).

A 'must-have' for any City boy or yuppie

Weighed 28 ounces (793g)

25cm tall

Later versions had LED screens but were very limited in what information they could show Nokia Mobira Cityman (1987) NMT, the world's first international mobile telephone network, had opened in Scandinavia in 1981. In 1987, the Nokia Mobira Cityman, the world's first NMT hand portable, and Nokia's very first hand held mobile phone, was launched.

Cost the equivalent of €4,560

Weighed 800g

Nokia's mobile phones got a big publicity boost in 1987, when Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was pictured using a Mobira Cityman to make a call from Helsinki to his communications minister in Moscow. This led to the phone's nickname of the "Gorba". Nokia Mobira Senator (1982) Boxy, bulky device was Nokia's first mobile phone.

Weighed about 21lbs

Mainly used in cars Nokia 101 (1990) The switch from the old analogue technology to new digital networks in the early 1990s allowed European handset manufacturers to flourish.

Coinciding with the introduction of digital 2G systems was a trend away from the larger "brick" phones toward smaller hand-held devices this change was possible through technological improvements such as more advanced batteries and more energy-efficient electronics, but also was largely related to the higher density of cellular sites caused by increasing usage levels. Ericsson GH337(1995) The arrival of two new mobile phone operators in the UK in the early 1990s (Orange and One2One) saw prices fall and mobile phones become more accessible consumers.

Motorola StarTAC (1996) Untill the late 90's mobile phones were more about function than fashion. Phones such as the Motorola StarTAC ushered in the concept that style was just as important, ultimately paving the way for today's sleek-looking phones

The Motorola StarTAC was the first ever clamshell/flip mobile phone

The StarTAC was one of the first mobile phones to introduce vibrate alert as an alternative to a ringtone

The StarTAC was among the the first mobile phones to gain widespread consumer adoption with 60 million sold. Nokia 5110 (1998) Phones were becoming more and more of a fashion accessorie, and the 5110 was one of the first phones with a replaceable faceplate, allowing users to customize their mobile.

Although bulky by today's standards, the consumer oriented Nokia 5110 was rugged, had excellent battery life and was one of the first phones to feature games. The most popular game being 'snake'. The Sharp J-SH04 only available in Japan. It was one of the world's first ever phones with a built-in camera (110,000-pixel CMOS) and color display. Sharp J-SH04 (2000) On June 11, 1997, technology innovator Philippe Kahn shared instantly the first pictures from the maternity ward where his daughter Sophie was born. He wirelessly transmitted his mobile phone pictures to more than 2,000 family, friends and associates around the world. Kahn's wireless sharing software and camera integrated into his mobile phone saw the birth of instant visual communications. Kahn's mobile phone transmission is the first known publicly-shared picture via a mobile phone. Sony Ericsson T68 (2001) The T68 was one of the first colour screen devices that was accepted in the market. Additionally, it was actually Sony Ericsson's first device - signalling the merging together of a consumer electronics company and a traditional telecoms giant. The T68i has consistently great feedback on internet forums, even today being praised for its small size, fantastic battery life and great call quality. Nokia 7650 (2002) The 7650 was a slider phone and the first Nokia with built in camera, MMS and e-mail. Siemens SL10(1999) The silder design that first took form on the Simens SL10 was aimed at allowing the operator to take advantage of full physical keypads, without sacrificing portability, by "retracting" them into the phone when these are not in use. Ericsson T36 (1999) According to Ericsson, the Sony Ericsson T36 was the first mobile phone to have built-in Bluetooth wireless technology.

The idea of Bluetooth is to forgo the inconvenience of cables by connecting devices such as mobile phones, PCs, printers and handheld computers to each other without wires, it also allows for a direct connection between your phone and a headset which makes driving a lot safer. Motorola RAZR (2004) While the mobile phone companies were trying to get consumers interested in 3G technology with bulky handsets, Motorola unveiled the ultra-slim RAZR phone in 2004

Because of its striking appearance and thin profile, it was initially marketed as an exclusive fashion phone. It quickly became the must-have gadget of the mid noughties – in a variety of colours. Its capabilities included a Global Positioning System receiver with maps and optional turn-by-turn navigation; a 5 megapixel digital camera, flash, video recording and video conferencing; Bluetooth, a portable media player with the ability to download podcasts over the air; a FM Radio tuner, Composite Video output, a web browser with support for HTML, JavaScript and Adobe Flash; messaging via SMS, MMS and e-mail; Office suite and organizer functions; and the ability to install and run third party Java ME or Symbian mobile applications. Nokia E71 (2008) Smartphone's continued to grow with more advanced computing ability and connectivity.

Nokia's E71 won critical reception and a number of awards inculding 'Phone of the Year' and the 'Best Smartphone' 2008.

It was one of the first models to use a QWERTY keyboard and targeted business users. iPhone (2007) The mobile phone industry was given a harsh wake-up call as Apple launched the iPhone.

The user interface is built around the device's multi-touch screen, including a virtual keyboard rather than a physical one.

In 2011 Apple announced that they had sold 100 million iPhones worldwide.

Apple's App Store, which launched in 2008 and now has over 350,000 "apps" approved by Apple. These apps have diverse functionalities, including games, reference, GPS navigation, social networking, security and advertising for television shows, films, and celebrities. Nokia N-Gage (2003) The N-Gage attempted to lure gamers away from hand-held consoles by including mobile phone functionality. This was unsuccessful, partly because the buttons, designed for a phone, were not well-suited for gaming.

In 2005, Nokia announced that it would move its N-Gage games capabilities onto a series of smartphones. Developments in new Technology and competitive markets have brought about rapid change and evolution in many products...

...A good example is the
mobile phone. Critically Analyse and discuss the changes that have taken place...

Discuss to what extent aesthetics have been influenced by new technologies as they've become avaliable.

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