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The Principles of Training

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Bethan Nicholls

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of The Principles of Training

The Principles of Training Lesson Objective: To look at principles of training and how to use them:

individual needs
progressive overload
rest and recovery Individual needs / differences Specificity Specificity means matching training to the requirements of an activity. Progressive Overload

This means gradually increasing the amount of overload so as to gain fitness without the risk of injury. Rest and Recovery Rest: the period of time allotted to recovery. To use individual needs in a personal exercise progamme you would take into account your body build, the sport (and position played) and your aims. In some sports there are different positions that call for different fitness requirements.

Name a sport where this is the case and state which HRE and which SRF aspects are required to be trained. Overload does not mean training too hard or too much. This is a common mistake in the exam! It is also a common multiple choice question! Improving cardiovascular fitness means reducing resting heart rate. Recovery: the time required to repair damage to the body caused by training or competition. EXAM STYLE QUESTION:
While exercise is an important part of a healthy active lifestyle, too much exercise can lead to injury. Name a principle of training, other than progressive overload, that can reduce the chance of injury. (1 point) EXAM STYLE QUESTION:
Explain how you could tell if progressive overload had been successfully applied in a training programme by looking at an individual's fitness test results. (4 marks) Two GCSE PE students were using fartlek training to improve their performances in their activities. One of the students played football; the other was a cross country runner. Describe how each would adapt their use of this training method to follow the principle of specificity. (4 marks) EXAM STYLE QUESTION: EXAM STYLE QUESTION:
Explain the principle of individual differences and the value of applying it to your training programme. (3 marks) CAROUSEL:

In 4's or 5's, whilst the music is playing (37 seconds), write as many things as you can about each Principle of Training.
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