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Social Analysis For Social Change

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Ace McAwesome

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of Social Analysis For Social Change

Social Analysis For Social Change
Chapter 3
Individual problem is personal but social problem is widespread and the causes are systemic; that is, they arise from the policies and practices of societal structures.
Poverty reduction groups suggest that mandated minimum wage levels are insufficient to meet the basic necessities of life (Make poverty history, 2014)
Social problems Vs Individual problems
Our values are assumptions influence how we frame issues and how we perceive the social world.
Eg: The difference between boys and girls
History is told from the perspective of powerful white men excluding other perspectives.
Eg: Columbus discovered North America but we forget that there were other indigenous nations already occupying the land.
Our understanding of problems are socially constructed
Underemployment was seen as an individual problem in the 18th century and as a social problem in the 1940s, today its understood as an individual problem again.
The 18th & 19th centuries
- CAPITALISM
Historical, Economic, Political, & Cultural variables Shape our understanding of problems
The 1970s to the present day
Attack on the concepts of social assistance and human rights.
Characterizing the poor as unmotivated, lazy, & living the "good life"


The 1940s
Unemployment was created by economic structures and policies beyond the individuals control.
Thank you
Resistance Can Change The Social Construction Of Problems
In South Africa eg U.S President Ronald Reagan, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, & Stephen Harper were among those who saw Nelson Mandela as a terrorist when he was leading the struggle against the white supremacist.
People in power have means to deflect or misinterpret social problems when it threatens their interests
.
Make Poverty History, (2014).
Retrieved from http://www.makepovertyhistory.ca/learn/issues/end-poverty-in-Canada.

Faigley, L., Rubens, M., Bucher, R., et al (2011). Social Problems Vs Individual problems. In
GNED 500 global citizenship
: From social analysis to social action (3rd custom ed. for Centennial College ed., pp. 31-36). New York: New York ; Toronto : Learning Solutions, ©2011.

Reference
Three Approaches to Framing Social Problems
A) As an Individual Problem
B) A Problem Caused by the failure of Public Institutions
C) Systemic Problem
We will also discuss the flaws that are involved with each framing approach

Lets Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
A) As an Individual Problem
Label youth as lazy entitled and expect too much
Lets Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
A) As an Individual Problem
Label youth as lazy entitled and expect too much

How does the perception of youth effect how society views the problem of youth unemployment?

Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
Problems with this view: As an Individual Problem
Masks the real problem with stereotypes of youth
This is an example of a
common sense assumption
which is presented as fact -> contributes to the stereotyping and stigmatizing of unemployed youth




What is a Common Sense Assumption?
To blame youth unemployment, on the “characteristics” of youth
To present these characteristics as fact is to stereotype
DEFINITION:

Stereotype
= beliefs held by individual about the presumed physical and psychological characteristics of member of a social category

What do common sense assumptions serve to do ?

What does common
sense assumptions
serve to do ?



Serves to deflect attention away from a systemic problems
Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
B) Problems with this view: Blaming Public
Institutions for youth unemployment

What are some problems with this type
of framing?

Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
B) Problem Caused by the failure of Public Institutions
Students are being shortchanged by educational system
Lack of practical preparation for job market



B) Problems with this view: Blaming Public Institutions for youth unemployment
Does not connect youth unemployment with the economic system
This issues more related to
EMPLOYMENT

PREPARATION
rather then root of
UNEMPLOYMENT ISSUES
Real problem? Is that the economy is not providing jobs for the working and middle class AND
since the youth are the most vulnerable in the bunch the youth are the ones to be cut first



Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
Problem as a Social (Systemic) Issue
Government cutbacks
Outsourcing
Corporate downsizing
Union Bashing
Leads low paying, temporary jobs where many people and particularly youth are becoming the working poor

Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
C) Problem as a Social (Systemic) Issue
Government cutbacks
Outsourcing
Ship jobs overseas to sweat shops
Corporate downsizing
Even though corporations are making massive profits
Union Bashing
Leads low paying, temporary jobs where many people and particularly youth are becoming the working poor
Only 11% of the workforce is now unionized (most are from the public sector)

Consider: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
C) Problem as a Social (Systemic) Issue
advocates of this view believe the government and corporations working together is a result in growing inequality and unstable employment






CRONY CAPITALISM


Definition:
Crony Capitalism
Economy characterized by favoritism in the distribution of:
Legal permits
Government grants
Special tax breaks
Tax environmental policy
State interventions in favor of business interests

Full transcript