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American History Timeline
Transcript of American History Timeline
by Sierra Lehman
Rhode Island Produces First Anti-Slavery Law (1652)
This was a source of conflict in America or centuries and led up to the Civil war. We also still see hints of racism in our world today.
Columbus Set Out on His Journey (1492)
After Columbus arrived in America, the Indians were killed or made to be slaves. Columbus saw that they had less weapons and could be easily taken over and also were able bodied and would be able to work. The Europeans also started the idea of colonization and that each colony could have slightly different beliefs but still be united as one nation. The colonies also lead to the government being based on freedom of religion and equality.
Declaration of Independence Signed (1776)
American citizens gained freedom and equality etc.,
which we celebrate to this day.
Constitution Made (1787)
This was the document that gave Americans all of the
freedoms we enjoy today.
Louisiana Purchase (1803)
This was important in American History because it was when America expanded and owned land that we have today.
Underground Railroad established (1830)
This movement helped thousands of slaves become free in the US.
Civil War Begins (1861)
This led to the abolition of slavery in the US and also led to the US becoming united again instead of being divided north and south.
California Gold Rush (1849)
This event brought people from all over to California
and also affected the economy.
Assassination of Abraham Lincoln (1865)
This was a major event in American history because Abraham Lincoln made great strides in equality during the civil war and his death meant the end of a very important leader for the United States.
The South had to rebuild itself after the Civil War.
Women were Granted the Right to Vote (1920)
This was important because it has greatly influenced our government. Without this law, elections would have gone differently and we would never have any female governmental leaders.
Stock Market Crash (1929)
This was the beginning of the Great Depression and greatly influenced our economy.
Assassination of John F Kennedy (1963)
This was a death of a very influential leader,
which sent the US citizens into shock.
Apollo 11 (1968)
This was the first time a man landed on the
moon which led to many scientific discoveries.
This event was extremely important in American History.
It shocked citizens and made them feel very unsafe, it influenced
the way airport security is now.
Hurricane Katrina (2005)
This led to the destruction of numerous homes and families and was a great tragedy in the US.
Jamestown Virginia Discovered (1607)
This was the first of the original 13 colonies that made up America.
First Slaves in Jamestown (1619)
Start of slavery in America which led to a great deal of conflict in the years after.
Life Before Columbus
Columbus did not intend to discover a new world, but intended to discover a new route to Asia. When he arrived in America, he met the Mayans were located in central America and the Aztecs who were in Mexico. There was another tribe known as the Incas in Peru as well. The natives were very naive when it came to warfare until Columbus came and there was peace where they lived. They were also not very technologically advanced but were very sophisticated when it came to agriculture. They used a system known as three-sister-farming to grow maize, beans, and squash mainly.
French and Indian War
The French and Indian war is also known as the Seven Years War, lasting from 1756 to 1763. According to the American Pageant textbook, the war went on undeclared for at least 2 years before 1756. This conflict marked another imperial conflict between the French and British empires when the French tried to expand into the Ohio River Valley region. While France had been in power for years, the British turned things around in their defeat of the French at Louisbourg and the French stronghold of Quebec.
Political Impacts of French and Indian War
Britain no longer overlooked the Native American population. They began to fear violence from them even more and this strengthened their desire to get rid of their population after the war.
The British thought very little of the American colonists' armed forces. This lead to the first time in history all of the colonies, despite their varied beliefs, stuck together in order to strengthen their armies.
Economic Impacts of French and Indian War
The French and Indian war plunged Britain further into a mountain of debt. This caused them to heavily tax their own people, with their citizens felt was extremely unfair. They then went on to tax the American colonists, leading the way toward the American Revolution.
Religion and the French and Indian War
The Great Awakening, although years before the war, still had an impact afterward when the British won against the French and the British began to take away the rights of American people. The Great Awakening led Americans to believe in a variety of denominations of Christianity and desire to turn away from the Church of England more and more. This was another factor leading to the revolution. The graph below shows the rise in members of multiple denominations during this period of time.
Military Aspects of French and Indian War
Britain became the dominating empire over the French during this period of time. Westward expansion came as a result of this. Also, the French lost their foothold in areas in Canada such as Quebec and Montreal.
Sociological Impacts of French and Indian War
The British and the American colonists' relationship was damaged during the war because the British were not pleased with the assistance they received from the colonists during the war. They thought the colonists' fighting was very weak and useless, so they harbored resentment toward them.
The Revolutionary War
This war occurred from 1775 to 1783, which was started by the rebellion of the 13 American colonies from British rule.
Political Impacts of the Revolutionary War
America was separated from British rule. Before, Britain controlled the trade, government, laws, and religion of the colonies. After the war, America had the Declaration of Independence which started new political ideas in the colonies. Americans could make their own laws and enjoy more freedoms.
Economic Impacts of Revolution
America had control over their trade and industry.
Although America emerged victorious from the war, with tension between America and Britain, many countries cut off trade with America. The economy took a downfall for awhile.
Religious Impact of Revolution
The Great Awakening before the war was a partial cause of the Revolution because colonists wanted to part from the Church of England and practice their religion in other ways. After the revolution, religion flourished in many colonies and new churches began form.
Military in the Revolution
For years, the British were in naval dominance, Their troops were well trained and well armed and victory seemed out of reach for Americans. Americans struggled to gain funds for their troops, but the underdogs emerged victorious. This was one of the first instances in which Americans all united as one nation and had their first major military victory.
Sociological Impacts of the Revolutionary War
At first, African-Americans were not allowed to serve in the military. However, by the war's end, 5,000 black men had served in helping America become independent.
The War of 1812
The war of 1812 lasted approximately 2 and a half years. The war was between America and Great Britain and Ireland, along with their Native American allies. Great Britain was in conflict with France and in order to stop supplies from getting to their enemies, they sought to stop the US from trading with them.
Political Impacts of War of 1812
Britain outraged America by taking merchants from their ships and forcing them to serve on behalf of Britain. Britain also forced neutral colonies to cut off all trade with France unless licensed. This hurt America's economy more than France's, however.
Economic Impacts of War of 1812
The Embargo Act of 1807 greatly harmed some of the New England colonies by prohibiting their ships from trading in foreign ports. It was put into motion by the republican party and James Madison. This act was supposed to make peace, but these colonies relied heavily on trade for their livelihoods and so it was unpopular with citizens.
Religious Impacts of War of 1812
Military in War of 1812
Sociological Impacts of War of 1812
Religious enlightenment and rebellion among Americans continued. More and more poeple began to break away from the traditions of the Church of England.
At first, Britain was focused on the Napoleonic Wars with France, but once France was defeated, they went after Americans. This created more hostility between the already feuding countries. American pride and nationalism was sparked because of this "second war for independence."
The Native American population was decreased further from casualties of the war. American nationalism took over, which united the nation as one in their common goal to defeat Britain. Also, American manufacturing took off because they needed to make up for the fact that they could not trade resources.
Second Great Awakening (early 1800's)
Leaders of the movement include thousands of preachers. Among them were Peter Cartwright a well known traveling Methodist preachers, Charles Grandison Finney, a revival preacher, and William Miller, after whom a Christian sect called Millerites was named.
The culture of the Second Great Awakening was more liberal in nature. There was more passion in preaching and the congregation felt more like they had a personal. important closeness with God. Also, new sects emerged from the movement so people could practice Christianity more freely with those whose beliefs were similar to theirs.
The Second Great Awakening shaped America by spreading spiritual passion and converting several thousand people to Christian faiths. Methodists and Baptists gained the most followers from the revival. The revival also changed views of women, since many women were new members of the church and preachers began to talk of them with more respect. They were encouraged to take active roles in their households in bringing their families to God. Also, the Second Great Awakening encourage abolitionism because many began to argue for slave's freedom on religious grounds.