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Northern Africa

Exploring the Region
by

Amy Brower

on 18 October 2016

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Transcript of Northern Africa

Northern Africa
Exploring the Region
Standards 7.1.13, 7.1.14, 7.2.1, 7.2.2, 7.2.5, 7.3.6, 7.3.7


EGYPT

HISTORY
: In 1869, the British Empire and Egyptians built the
Suez Canal
,
one of the world's most important waterways.



Egypt
CULTURE
: Most Egyptians are
Muslims
, but a minority of the population are Christians and a part of the Coptic Church.
GOVERNMENT
: Most Egyptians believe the law should be based on
Sharia, or Islamic law;
however, just recently more Egyptians have protested this idea.
LIBYA
HISTORY
: Because of its prominent location and resources, Algeria has been a treasure to foreign invaders.
France colonized Algeria until 1962.
TUNISIA
ALGERIA
CULTURE
: Most Libyans live in urban areas.
Tripoli
is the capital city along the Mediterranean Sea.
ECONOMY
: Large
oil and natural gas
reserves are important to Libya's economy.
GOVERNMENT
: Libya gained independence from Italy in 1951. Revolution followed in 1969, leading to a military dictatorship led by
Muammar al-Qaddafi
.

CULTURE
: Tunisia is one of the Arab world's most
liberal
countries. Women make up about 1/3 of the workforce.
HISTORY
:
Tunis
, the capital city, was once the ancient port city of Carthage.
GEOGRAPHY
: Morocco is a
mountainous
country (Atlas Mountains). The largest city is Casablanca.
HISTORY
: Morocco was once
colonized
by France, but eventually gained their independence in
1956.
CULTURE
: More than half of Algeria's people live in cities, specifically along the coast.
GEOGRAPHY
: 80% of Algeria is desert. The small amount of Algerians living in the desert settle in oasis towns in order to ensure a water supply.
MOROCCO
Liberal
(adj): favorable to progress and change.
Speaking of liberal...
Recent News in Northern Africa
In 2011, Tunisia was the start of what became known as the Arab Awakening. Watch the short video to learn more about this influential time which helped eliminate some long-term dictators.
Watch the video title "The Arab Awakening."

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-16212447
THE SUEZ CANAL CRISIS OF 1956
Previously colonized areas of
Colonize (v.)
: to settle in an area and take control of its government.

The British colonized many locations around the world in order to improve their own economy.

1950s - Suez Canal was controlled by France and Great Britain.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
, Egypt's new leader, felt like control should be given to Egypt. He wanted to
nationalize
the canal.
Israel, Britain, and France were angry and attacked the Egyptians, regaining control of the canal.
Egypt responded by sinking 40 ships!
The United Nations urged Britain and France to back down.
Control was finally given back to Egypt in 1957.
EFFECT: The colonies of France and Britain began to crumble.

The British Empire
At one time, Egypt was a colony of the British Empire.

Suez Canal Crisis 1956
WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW IN ORDER TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE SUEZ CANAL CRISIS OF 1956.
EGYPT: ECONOMY
ECONOMY
: The
Aswan High Dam
allows Egypt's crops to be irrigated year-round, but it is also causing environmental problems because farmers are forced to use more fertilizers.
LIFE IN EGYPT
Rural Life vs. Urban Life
Egyptian rural farmers are called
fellaheen
and live along the Nile or in the Nile Delta.
Bazaars
, or traditional open-air markets, are common in Egyptian cities.
This is Libya's former dictator, Muammar al-Qaddafi.
The Suez Canal Before and After
This is Gamal Abdel Nasser, previous president of Egypt. He was president from 1956 until his death in 1970.
Objective: Explore the region of Northern Africa. While exploring, answer the questions on the Doc titled, "Northern Africa - Prezi Questions.
In 2011, Muammar al-Qaddafi was ousted from power after serving as an authoritarian dictator since 1969 (he was in power for 40 years).

On October 20, 2011, Libyan officials announced that Muammar al-Qaddafi had died near his hometown of Sirte, Libya. As news of the former dictator's death spread, Libyans poured into the streets, celebrating the what many hailed as the culmination of their revolution.

Post Qaddafi, Libya has continued to be embroiled in violence.


WESTERN SAHARA
Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa.

A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. Since then it has been the subject of a long-running territorial dispute between Morocco and its indigenous Saharawi people,
TYPES OF QUESTIONS:

1. RIGHT THERE

2. THINK AND SEARCH

3. OPINION
Full transcript