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Mediating Identity Formation in Emerging Adulthood
Transcript of Mediating Identity Formation in Emerging Adulthood
in Emerging Adulthood Identity Development (Erikson) Identity Formation (Marcia) Emerging Adulthood (Arnett) Narrative Life Story Model psychobiography = self is or as a story a narrative mode of thought as opposed to accumulation of thought (or lack thereof) meaning or integration of one's experiences narratives with meaning are defined by conflicting events which are reported as lessons or insights lessons are less developmentally advanced sophistication increseases/advances with age the study examined relationships between making meaning of turning points and identity statuses narratives, not experience, provides understanding less sophisticated meaning was associated with less advanced statuses and vice versa mortality more meaningful than achievement TRAUMA Previous findings have indicated poor integration of traumatic memory into one's life story is a main cause of PTSD symptoms. Instead, enhanced integration of traumatic memories is maladaptive and prolongs PTSD by forming a cognitive reference point for other memories. Positive? Negative? or Friendship vs. Romance
in Emerging Adulthood intimacy against isolation crisis emerging adulthood is also complicated by identity, friendships, and committment most emerging adults have both friendships and romantic relationships friendships satisfy social integration needs whereas
romantic relationships primarily satisfy intimacy needs these qualitities are differentially linked to individuals' achievement of adult qualities Dyadic Withdrawal Hypothesis, predicts romantic couples withdraw from friendships people "form relationships consistent with their psychological goals, cognitive abilities, and social demands" (Laursen and Bukowski 1997) within emerging adulthood these expectations favor romantic relationships identity acheivement and achieved adulthood criteria are more positively related to romantic relationships than friendships this suggests romantic relationships are closely associated with our conceptions of adulthood,
which has implications for self-narratives