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Transcript of Untitled Prezi
Why did the Greeks migrate to Australia?
After world war II ended, 12,292
Greeks were recorded to
have migrated into Australia,
mostly to Victoria. At the end of
1971, 160,200 Greeks had
arrived in Australia.
These Greeks had migrated for different purposes:
Some were fleeing from the civil war that followed WWII
Some left because they had lost their families and homes
Others left because they could not find work
Some did not like the government of their country
For many migrants, coming to Australia meant starting better life for themselves and their children.
Greece entered World War II in 1940, when the Italian army invaded from Albania. The Greek army was able to stop the invasion. However,Nazi Germany intervened in order to protect their main Allie (Italy) and invaded Greece in 1941, overrunning the country.
World War II Involvement
In the Assisted Migration Scheme, Arthur Calwell, the minister of migration is known for his popular statement of ‘Populate or Perish’. This statement is also another reason as to why some Greeks migrated to Australia . An abundance of displaced Europeans, including the Greeks, had migrated to Australia under the assisted migration scheme which was brought into power by Arthur Calwell. The Greeks saw this scheme as an opportunity to come to Australia.
Issues the Greeks experienced in Australia
These immigrants had brought upon the first line of factory/farm workers into Australia because it was the main occupation needed at the time. Even highly educated Greeks had to work as manual workers.
It was due to the consequences of the war, that most of these Greek immigrants had experienced family dislocation and conflict.
In terms of culture, the Greeks had troubles trying to assimilate into the Australian culture and instead kept to their culture and taught their descendants about Greek culture, however over a long period, some of their culture had been lost.
They had been socially forced to assimilate into white australian culture, as they were forced to learn English in order to live in Australia.
They had faced alienation due to the difference in their skin tone, their accents, their language and their customs. Greeks had also faced a lot of racism and along with other European immigrants were called “Wogs”, even in places such as television or newspapers.
How the Greeks challenged Australian Society
How did the Australians react to the to Greeks? (Negatives)
It was due to the fact that the Greeks kept to themselves and kept their cultural ties strong, caused the Australians to feel threatened.
They were feared, they felt unsafe from other countries, were suspicious of other countries especially after the war. Their culture, their customs were different in comparison to the white australian culture. There were a lot of violent outbreaks due to the anti-Greek believers based on the Greek’s previous stance of WWII, which resulted in a lot of Greek cafes and restaurants being destroyed especially in areas such as Kalgoorie and Boulder.
Much of the racism and hatred had sprouted from world war 2, however their stance has since changed dramatically.
First hand experience / Immigration Story
The Greeks are very superstitious, some Greeks believe that someone can catch the evil eye, from jealous or envious people. Those, who have caught the evil eye, usually feel bad physically and mentally. To avoid the matiasma one must wear a charm: a little blue marble glass with an eye painted on it or a blue bracelet. Blue is believed to be the color that protects against the evil eye. This superstion outlines how Greek Culture is intergrated into Australian society. It is mainly found on jewlery and hung outside stores/venues
It had resulted in a thriving community area for Melbourne as Greek restaurants, cafes, hellenic community clubs and greek soccer clubs had formed over the years. They are recognised for their food and customs.
Overall, around 160,000 Greeks had migrated into Australia, with most of them residing in Melbourne. They had worked as farmers and in factories for many years after world war 2 and eventually they worked in newspapers, hospitality, and food.
They have brought many new customs into Australia that many of us still celebrate or recognise now. A way in which their good doings could be recognised is that if we create a day called “Greek Day” and through this we could celebrate, despite our background, Greek culture. On this day we would eat Greek food such as Greek yogurt, omeletta, souvlaki, and wear traditional Greek clothings. We would also sing Greeks song such as Cretan music, or the Greek anthem.
The espresso coffee was brought to Australia, due to the Greeks. The Greeks introduced the popular beverage and became Australia’s first coffee makers, and opened up the Pellegrini’s espresso bar. As part of Greek Day, we would also drink espresso coffee.