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Curriculum Design: 21st Century Skills

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Laura Armstrong

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of Curriculum Design: 21st Century Skills

Issues and Trends in Curriculum
Design & Development:
21st Century Skills

Why 21st Century Skills?
20th Century Skills vs. 21st Century Skills
Charles Fadel: Rethinking the Curriculum
that Students Really Need
Charles Fadel (founder & chairman of the Center for Curriculum Redesign) discusses the global challenges of 21st century curriculum development.
Don't only ask what needs to be added to the curriculum, think as well of what is no longer needed.
Collaboration is key to effective curriculum.
Curriculum planning and design is ongoing.
Societal changes/needs must be considered.
Guiding Recommendations on
Curriculum Development
(Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2011)
Key Points for 21st Century Curriculum Design

Critical Thinkers
Problem Solvers
Information & technology literate
21st Century Curriculum
Old Focus New Focus
In Conclusion
21st century curriculum design must:
20th Century Skills
20th Century
20th Century

20th Century
All current teachers were born and educated in the 20th century.
Most teachers are digital immigrants.
Schools centered around physical spaces
Prepared students for a manufacturing economy.
Taught facts
and processes.
Students worked in "computer labs".
Tech used as a supplement.
Students used tutorial software.

Fadel, C. (2013). [CdnEducAssn]. (2013, February 11). Charles fadel: rethinking the curriculum that
students really need. [Video file]. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=5n9TvTOHL1M

Kozma, R. (2009). 21st century trends require 21st century schools. [Webinar]. Retrieved from

Martin, J. (2011). 8 guiding questions for conversations about becoming a school of the future.
Retrieved from Connected Principals website: http://connectedprincipals.com/archives/2615

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2011). Framework for 21st century learning. Retrieved from
Did individual "seatwork".
Received direct instruction from teachers who were "content experts".
21st Century Skills
21st Century
21st Century
21st Century
Students are digital natives.
Most students were born in the 21st century.
Students use technology & networks.
Create & share content.
eCommerce is pervasive.
Foster creative, life-long learners.
Students participate in a creative, knowledge-driven, global economy.
Teach critical thinking.
Need instant access to information.
Use social networking.
Are collaborative.

Teachers give lectures to deliver content.

Most knowledge is derived from books.

Students learn
facts & procedures.

Students demonstrate knowledge on standardized tests.
Teachers guide and model learning.

Most knowledge is derived from electronic sources.

Students create new knowledge & solve real-world problems.

Students demonstrate knowledge through real world problems.
How can educators support 21st century learning through effective 21st century curriculum design?
Flexible & adaptable
Innovative & creative
Globally competent
Financially literate
Effective 21st century curriculum design should develop students who are:
(Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2011)
How can that be accomplished
Guiding recommendations for 21st century curriculum development:
Develop curriculum that focuses on understanding.
Deconstruct and analyze the standards.
Build a consensus.
(Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2011)
Make sure curriculum is designed to foster deep understanding and promote 21st century skills.
Identify the big ideas and necessary 21st century skills.
Involve educators, families, and community members in order to gain support and understanding.
Embed assessments in curriculum.
Use authentic, performance based assessments whenever possible.
Educators should collaborate with curriculum developers to ensure materials are designed to meet the needs of the curriculum.
(Fadel, 2013)
By Laura Armstrong
Be on going
Promote collaboration
Be responsive to the needs of a changing/global society
Focus on understanding
Promote critical thinking
Engage students
Embed technology
Provide authentic learning opportunities
Questions for Discussion
Are there any areas that can be removed from the current curriculum that you teach?

What do you think are the most important parts of a successful 21st century curriculum?

How you can you help to guide and develop a 21t century curriculum from your current position?

How are students today the same as their predecessors and how are they different? How can an effective 21st century curriculum respond to the differences?

Can the curriculum balance the teaching of core academics and 21st century skills? How?

What are the characteristics of a 21st century teacher that can effectively implement the desired curriculum?
Issues in 21st Century Curriculum Design: A Global Perspective
"Old School" vs. "New School"
Full transcript