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Unit 8 Lecture 1
Transcript of Unit 8 Lecture 1
Mexican American War
California as a free state
Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
Congress unable to stop slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
Stephen Douglas (northern Democrat)
Make a name for himself
Organize upper Louisiana Purchase
Issue of slavery
Abolish Missouri Compromise
Free Soilers outraged
Whigs split (created Republican party)
Democrats split along sectional lines
Settlers Enter Kansas Territory
New England Emigrant Aid Society
Armed Free Soilers
Wanted more Free Soil votes than Southern Democrats
Tried to manipulate votes
Platte County Self Defense Organization
Also known as Border Ruffians
Wanted more Southern Democrat votes than Free Soilers
Tried to manipulate votes as well
Frequent skirmishes between the two
Popular Sovereignty at work
Border Ruffians cross into Kansas to vote
Only 50% of votes cast were true Kansas residents
Kansas officially became a slave territory
Pro-slavery legislature elected
"Bogus Laws" - laws to make protesting slavery illegal
Free Soil government set up in Topeka
B/c of voting fraud, federal gov recognized free soil capital
Pro-slavery politicians in DC encouraged conflict
Kansas Civil War
1854-1855 - Minor acts of violence
Beatings and kidnappings
Some people tarred and feathered
May 21, 1856 - Sack of Lawrence
First major violent conflict
Border Ruffians attacked a Free Soil town
Burned down buildings and attacked citizens
May 24, 1856 - Pottawatomie Creek Massacre
John Brown and his sons attacked a pro-slavery town
Murders several pro-slavery men
Increased sectional tension
Be prepared to talk about the following questions in class tomorrow!
How did the Compromise of 1850 lead to this event?
What do you think the federal government should have done in Kansas? Or should they have done nothing at all?
How can you see sectionalism in this event?